The time has come for the long-awaited repair.
Money has been accumulated, materials have been purchased and you went on vacation for this business.
You probably decided to do the repair yourself? Indeed, why pay exorbitant prices to finishers.
However, when hiring a brigade, there are certain difficulties in preparing the walls, puttying. How can we make ourselves what the workers can do? We will talk about this further.
We have already mentioned the difficulties with hired finishers. Indeed, their work must be monitored, it must be ensured that they do everything efficiently. It's easier then to do everything yourself. Where to start?
If you decide to make a major renovation, then know that it begins with the preparation of the walls for finishing. The main starting step is applying the putty.
Putty is always applied with a spatula, but how can they work?
Perfectly even walls are very rare. Usually, some wall defects are hidden under wallpaper or decorative elements.
Leveling the surface of the walls occurs in two stages:
If the house is new , on the walls sometimes you can see the joints of the slabs and some irregularities in the plaster.
Before applying the base coat of plaster, get rid of pinpoint defects on the walls.
Such manipulations will save time and well prepare the surface for further actions. For this job we need a narrow trowel.
The spatula can be made of either metal or rubber.
If possible, take two spatulas with different working surface widths, for example, from 20 to 50 mm.
Putty from a container is most convenient to pick up narrow trowel .
Putty is taken in such quantities, which can be used to fill cracks, cavities or cracks in the wall.
The composition is applied, as a rule, with a rubber spatula , since its working part is very plastic.
It is enough to make a few movements in order to fill the flaws with the putty and level the putty layer with the wall surface. This spatula does not have a handle, which makes it easy to use.
The metal spatula is used to cover up shallow crevices, cracks and joints.
When all the minor flaws are eliminated, they begin to putty the walls.
It is necessary to putty carefully so that the surface is not rough, but smooth.
The beautiful appearance of the final coating depends on what the wall covering will be. After all, a flat wall is much easier to paste over with wallpaper than a wall where there are some roughness.
So, for work you need a wide spatula with a working surface of 500-600 mm.
A wide spatula is very convenient to spread the putty over a large area.
You will also need a tool with a paddle that is 100-150 mm wide. It is needed to apply the solution to a wide spatula.
Putty is applied in several ways:
The first layer of putty is called high-layer leveling , its thickness can be up to one centimeter.
This is necessary for maximum surface leveling.
Spread the solution over the surface using a wide spatula.
At the beginning of the filling, the trowel is held almost parallel to the wall. To avoid unevenness due to excess putty, along the edges of the spatula, the mortar is applied to the middle of the spatula using a small spatula. Excess putty is collected with a wide spatula and, using a small spatula, is removed back into the container.
The final layer of putty is applied no more than two millimeters.
A finishing layer of putty is needed in order to well hide minor flaws that could remain after the rough layer.
For this job, you will need the same tools as in the previous step.
At this stage of filling, the spatula is held at an angle of twenty degrees. The distribution of the solution will be either from top to bottom or from left to right.
Putty is applied in strips, passing over the treated area and going slightly to another area that has not been treated. The finishing layer of plaster will be smooth and even; it will be comfortable to apply paint or wallpaper to such a surface.
When people take a spatula for the first time, they wonder how to hold it correctly.
Answer: the handle of the spatula must be placed in the palm, and the index finger at this moment should be on top of the working blade. To properly fill the corners, it is necessary to hold the corners of the spatula blade with the other hand.
To remove the excess layer or final leveling, it is necessary to hold the trowel almost at right angles.
In order to avoid sagging of the putty, it is necessary to gradually reduce the angle of inclination of the trowel relative to the wall.
If something does not work out, do not despair, the experience will come, but with time.
When filling walls, use at least two tools. This is a spatula with a narrow working surface and a spatula with a wide working surface, they also use a small rubber spatula to fill deep surface defects with a solution.
In filling the walls, the main thing is to observe the application technology and an important factor will be the correct preparation of the putty.
Then you will succeed. And we wish you success and patience!
Posted By: Work Style |05, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |05, Nov 2020
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