Water well drilling: turnkey water supply

Water well drilling: turnkey water supply Turnkey water well drilling + video

For so that there is a source of drinking water on the site near the estate, it is required to dig a well or even drill a well for turnkey water. The latter option is preferable, but it requires a lot of effort and a lot of free time. A professional water supply device for a well is expensive, and it also requires the involvement of a team of specialists.

Types of water wells

The main types of water wells are water wells, and they are not used for other purposes. The option is suitable for the site, you can independently determine.

The choice will depend on whether there is technical lighting, financial capabilities, and certain skills.

There are these types of wells:

  1. Abyssinian - this option should be used in the presence of a spring, and such a well is a narrow type well with a length of 8-10 meters. It contains constantly clean water, and therefore contamination will not get into it from the surface.
  2. Filter well on sand - it is made with a depth of 15-30 meters, and for this you can use one of the methods that are listed - screw, core and percussion rope. The source should be equipped with a pipe of appropriate length and diameter between 10 and 18 cm with a mesh filter at the recessed end.

    It must necessarily be made of stainless steel, and a water well can provide water for the needs of suburban buildings for 5 years during seasonal operation, or 15 years of regular use.

  3. An artesian well without a filtration device - it needs to be drilled to a depth of 100 meters, and in this case the water will be perfectly clean, there is a chance that it will be mineralized. It can be either unacceptable or pleasant. The excess mineral content helps to make the water unusable for domestic and drinking purposes. There are many varieties of it, for example, a thermometric well, the purpose of which is to measure the temperature of the earth.

    For this, a garland of temperature sensors is mounted, but these options are not used on personal plots.

Let's consider in more detail the features of the process

Well drilling - what is it

The process consists in creating a vertical narrow shaft of the required length, which must reach the depth of the water, and drilling the well requires strengthening its walls with casing pipes. Pumping equipment is used for forced pumping of water into storage and distribution tanks.

Cost and savings potential

The source of water supply for a private house should be economical, but the full cost of its arrangement can be extremely high. You can reduce spending by doing the preparation work yourself.

There are savings on:

  • Preparatory stage of the site, leveling the site for drilling and equipment placement.
  • Trenching for domestic water pipes.
  • Arrangement of a sump for flushing (the drilling crew does this with their own hands, it is required to coordinate in advance).

Drilling water wells (i.e.

turnkey water supply) with your own hands helps to reduce costs. But despite this, it is not required to perform such actions. For example, digging a pit and installing a caisson in it before drilling a well on the site. The arrangement of the water supply source according to the technology is carried out on the surface, which is why a pit is dug and a caisson is installed only after drilling work. The complex process of drilling water wells is the main service of special companies.

They also represent the equipment of a source of an autonomous system for supplying water, and also provide warranty obligations. Turnkey services are beneficial in terms of the absence of additional expenses, time savings and risks of the need for unscheduled repairs.

Advantages

Wells have many undeniable advantages. Due to them, wells are more preferable than wells. For this reason, they are becoming more in demand among owners of private real estate, which do not have the ability to produce a centralized water supply.

Wells for water have certain pluses and minuses, among the first:

  1. High quality drinking type - spring water, which is taken from the depth, useful for human health.
  2. Duration of operation - well sources are drilled to a great depth, and there are much more water reserves than in surface clay-type soils. This will determine a long service life, which is better than that of wells.
  3. Waste for purification - water from a well does not mix with melt water in the ground. It will be effectively purified by a natural method, that is, thanks to natural filtration.

Let's move on to the drilling algorithm.

Stages of well drilling

Phased work for drilling is required for a high-quality arrangement of a water supply source. In doing so, many factors are taken into account. This is the depth of the well for clean water, and preparation of the site and object, dismantling of the drill and equipment.

Special companies carry out work in several stages:

  1. Execution of the contract, and all work points will be spelled out in it.

  2. Preparatory stage of the ground for equipment installation.
  3. Delivery and installation of special equipment and equipment at the drilling site.
  4. Production of wells and its casing with pipes.
  5. Arrangement of a water source (will depend on its type - seasonal use, arrangement of a caisson, installation of equipment in a building room).
  6. Testing the well for water inflow from the aquifer, pumping it to the beginning of a clean water source, and testing the work in different modes of water intake.

  7. Handing over the object to the customer in finished form - a working demonstration of the source of water supply, its assessment of productivity, water quality, signing an act on the performance of work. We are also talking about the dismantling of drilling rigs, equipment and equipment.

Let's talk about technologies, of which there are only 5 pieces.

Technology

A video about drilling a turnkey water well will help you in your work, but before making a well, you need to get acquainted with the best-proven methods. Each of them has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages.

These are rotary, screw, core and percussion-rope. Their differences lie in the methods of rock destruction. In practice, a borehole structure will be durable and strong only if its drilling, construction, rigging and soil extraction techniques are followed. When choosing a method, it is required to take into account the fact of the need to use all kinds of equipment. This will affect the cost of the work, as well as the quality of the water source design.

Auger drilling

Water well drilling: turnkey water supply This type of drilling is the most affordable. In order to punch a hole, I use a drill with sharpened blades for cutting. They are placed at an angle to the axis, and the mechanism is screwed into the ground. After that, you need to remove and clear from the soil, which has gathered between the blades. The drill rod is extended by means of additional links in order to drill at great depths.

The auger type of drilling is considered one of the most productive, it can be done manually using homemade drills. Manufacturing is carried out on the basis of a tripod with a fixed drill string on a cable through a swivel. In the design, it is also necessary to provide a lifting mechanism.

Special companies use drilling rigs that will operate on the principle of auger drilling. When ordering services, you need to count on the fact that the wells in the country will turn out to be more durable and of high quality.

The disadvantages of the technology are difficulties with drilling hard rocks, dense clay layers and a layer of stones. Difficulties may also arise, which are associated with falling on the layer of "water" or quicksand. In this case, shallow wells will always be filled with dirty water, and the problem is solved by constant casing of a parallel type as it deepens into the thickness of the soil.

Core drilling

The technology is similar to auger one, and the difference lies in the use of a hollow cylindrical drill. There are solders on the bottom and they are made of high-strength materials.

this makes it possible to cope with high density ground. The water well will be of better quality and will last longer in operation.Sludge from the primer will accumulate inside the cylindrical cavity, it must be constantly removed from it, bringing the drill to the surface. The advantage of the technology is the ability to make mines with exact diametrical dimensions. It is difficult to do such work with your own hands, because special equipment is required.

Rotary hydraulic

This technology consists in continuous supply of drilling mud to the mine fence under high pressure. Its head is required to flush the soil cuttings on the surface, and in certain installations, it will drive the drill into rotation. This technology makes it possible to drill wells to any depth. Hydraulic rotary devices are used for industrial and geological exploration. It is usually used for drilling a turnkey artesian water well.

For the drilling process, small installations with a hydraulic rotor, as well as direct flushing, are used. They can pierce a borehole to a shallow depth.

Note that the disadvantage is the inability to control the release to the sand aquifers. They are heterogeneous in depth and thickness, and therefore this drilling method is used for the most part of preliminary exploration by geologists.

Shock-rope

Water well drilling: turnkey water supply The technology is is to lift and drop the drill down.

In its role, a hollow-type cylinder with sharpened lower edges is used. When a cylindrical bar is lowered in a fast rhythm from a height, soil is hammered into it, and compacted inside the cavity. It needs to be lifted and cleaned from compressed cuttings, and the main advantage of the technology is the ability to perform work on almost all types of soil, and the well structure will be durable and of high quality. The shaft has strong smooth walls. No rod extension required when drilling deep.

The construction is quite reliable and easy to use and can be made by hand. however, most experts point out the disadvantage that drilling is laborious. It requires the use of installations with an electric drive. To control the structure of the passable layer, it is necessary to replace the drill with a bailer.

It will serve to scoop the liquefied earth.

Such a tool is equipped with a valve system, and it is required in cases where the soil slurry will not be fixed in the cavity of the cylindrical drill, and the bailers are used to pass quicksand and loose soil. This technology makes it possible to drill at great depths, to reach sandy deep aquifers.

Drilling with an Abyssinian well

This method differs from the previous methods, and it consists in using the casing as a drill. It is equipped with a filter and a sharp tip, driven into the ground to the aquifer. For drilling, you can buy a ready-made kit or create a rig with your own hands.

well arrangement consists in driving pipes into the ground and building it up by means of rods. Their fastening should be as reliable as possible, and most often the rods are screwed or welded. The strikes on the installation column are carried out on the fixed cap. The appearance of water in the pipe will indicate that the installation has reached a layer of water. The casing needs to be cut and the pump installed.

It is worth leaving the podbabok, because it will come in handy when the well is clogged.

.

Installation of interior doors with your own hands
Installation of interior doors with your own hands

Posted By: Work Style |02, Nov 2020

Country toilet-teremok + photo
Country toilet-teremok + photo

Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020

DIY decorative plaster painting - step by step technology
DIY decorative plaster painting - step by step technology

Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020

Heating leak sealant
Heating leak sealant

Posted By: Work Style |08, Nov 2020