Most of us dream of living outside the city, in our private house, so that there are beds with fresh greenery and a bathhouse.
At present, all this is possible to implement, only for this it is necessary to draw up a project.
The project can be typical or individual.
If you have already thought out and decided in all parameters (from geodesy to communications), then there is no point in ordering an individual one, a typical project is more suitable for you.
For this project everything will be as you intended, but in compliance with all rules and regulations.
You can create a project yourself, but do not forget that there are many features to consider. Read articles, get theoretical knowledge.
In order to save money, you can simply contact the designers. They will prepare you a picture of how your house will look, but the technical specifications will not be there.
An experienced builder will be able to build a house according to this sketch. But we are talking about a small building.
If you decide to build a capital house, then do not save. Do not forget, the house must first of all be safe.
A project is a visual representation of an object.
When drafting it, consider the following.
The very first thing to pay attention to is geodetic research. After all, you need this information. Having built a heavy building in the wrong place, you risk being left without it.
Much depends on the quality of the soil.
The groundwater level reaches its peak in autumn and early spring, so if you bought a plot in summer, it is better to wait until October-November.
Also, this information will help you design the basement of the house and make there either a basement or non-residential premises (for example, a cinema).
Bad soil will not be able to support a heavy brick multi-storey building, but a frame one on the right foundation can.
It is necessary to make a site plan. Decide on the purpose of the house.
It will be a residential building or summer cottage. How many people will live in it, what age, do you plan to invite guests. Determine in what place what will happen.
Communication information is also required.
Contact the service organization (cooperative or management company) to clarify the places for tapping into underground pipes.
If the water supply is not supplied, then it is possible to drill a well.
For gas, contact your service provider immediately.
It is necessary to decide on the material of the house.What will your house be made of. And start creating a project.
In order to save money, do not come up with complex structures either for the house itself or for its roof. After all, each bend requires an additional solution, which means that the project price will be higher.
Project development includes in itself several stages
Stage 1. Urban plan
The plan implies a drawing of all rooms. When developing it, all premises, their dimensions and location are thought out.
It also takes into account the materials from which the house will be built, the thickness of the walls, the size of windows and doors, the shape of the roof, the presence of an attic room.
Stage 2. Constructive plan
The plan includes the calculation of the house ...
Depending on the soil, from the number of storeys of the house, the type of foundation is calculated.
Rafter systems must be accurately calculated, because the reliability of the roof depends on it.
What should be the floors, and from which layers the walls will be, is also revealed at this stage.
Stage 3. Engineering plan
The plan includes the design of all communications at home.
Using the drawings, it should be shown where the pipe comes from, where its tie-in points are, how to correctly lead it into the house and around the house.
Where should the boiler be located, where valves and individual metering devices will be located.
Ventilation and power supply should also be reflected.
Currently, there are many programs that allow you to design a house online.
In these applications, you can independently design a house, select materials, calculate the cost, and most importantly, you can clearly see the final result.
A common program is Goоgle SketchUp. Free software that allows you to create a 3D model.
Stage 4. Design
The design project is the final design stage. The house as a whole takes on color, texture of the material.
Rooms are filled with furniture and appliances, interior decoration.
How to draw up a kitchen project?
The kitchen in the house is the most visited place in the house. When designing, it is necessary to decide what you want: an ordinary kitchen like in apartments, or a large kitchen-dining room, or maybe at home, preparation and storage will be hidden.
In this case, it is necessary to take into account the composition of the family, your preferences in food, how often you invite guests.
When planning, you must immediately decide on the location of the kitchen.
This is the case when the location of all cabinets, household appliances along one wall. Also arrange the equipment correctly: refrigerator, stove, sink.
These items must separate working areas. Pay particular attention to the work area. After all, the more you have it, the more comfortable it will be for you to cook.
Arrangement in two rows
Idea for a small kitchen, but also suitable for a walk-through.Work areas and equipment are opposite each other.
For example, on one side, refrigerator, work area, sink, and on the other side, work area and stove.
The corner in this location should be given to the sink, a refrigerator is usually placed in the smallest part, and a large work area and a stove in the largest.
Cautions when arranging furniture and appliances in the kitchen:
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