We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video How to choose a convenient and comfortable place of residence? Many people prefer the countryside. Buying a land plot and building a cheap frame country house can be only the first stage of a new life surrounded by nature. Behind it, it is quite possible to master the construction of a large cottage. A one-story frame country house is the best option for those wishing to have a convenient and comfortable economy class housing, built with their own hands. It will be possible to build such a structure in just one season.

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Frame country house: advantages

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video Similar buildings are popular all over the world. How did they deserve the love of consumers? An important advantage is the absolute safety of buildings: the quality of building materials for them undergoes strict control before sale.

Another undoubted plus is the low cost of the project associated with the comparative cheapness of the materials used. An additional benefit will be the savings in heating the building, which is usually much more expensive.

Special technology of construction of a frame country house allows you to work at an accelerated pace.

Even one worker, without heavy equipment and the help of specialists, is able to erect a small one-story building during the warm season, in about 6 months. Seasoned builders joke that it can only be easier to construct a home from Lego.

Drawbacks of the framework

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video For some reason, it is believed that frame-panel cottage houses have a low level of strength. When compared with stone or brick buildings, they will definitely yield to them.

But there is no reason to worry that the house will be "blown away" by a strong wind or carried away by a hurricane.

If the construction technology is strictly observed, then no cataclysms are terrible for your home.

As a disadvantage of the house, it is considered that it does not "breathe": building materials treated and impregnated with various compounds to improve their working qualities, are less breathable. This problem can be easily eliminated by installing a reliable ventilation system. It will do an excellent job of circulating fresh air.

Poor sound insulation is also often blamed on small suburban frame houses.

The use of additional soundproofing materials significantly helps in improving the situation with the sound permeability of the housing.

If we compare the pros and cons of building frame country houses , then the benefits of this construction event will be obvious. How to get started?

Preparation: project and materials

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video
Project and drawing

To start activities, we need a project for the construction of a frame country house, or at least a plan to determine its height and dimensions.According to it, an approximate calculation of the required materials should be made, and everything required should be purchased.

We'll have to take care of:

  • frame;
  • foundation;
  • walls;
  • strapping ;
  • roof.

When planning, it should be borne in mind that it is recommended to divide the economy frame country house into housing itself, and an additional utility room, which can be allocated about a quarter of the available area.

There will be a pantry or toilet here, at the discretion of the owner. A small window is quite suitable here, but a full-fledged window is required in the residential half.

Foundation for a summer residence

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video This is the basis for any building. Frame country house 4x6, or 6x6, is no exception.

Given the perceived lightness of our potential building, there is no need for a solid, expensive foundation. The most common in this type of construction are strip, prefabricated or columnar foundations. The shape of the columns is of no fundamental importance, it can be arbitrary.

In the case of excessively damp ground, in swampy areas or when located on a slope, a strong cushion is desirable at the base. It is composed of heavily compacted sand filled with cement mortar.

During the construction of 2-storey frame-type panel board houses, concrete must be reinforced with thick metal rods.

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video
Foundation layers

The posts can be placed on a solid base on the surface of the soil, or dig into it below the point of its freezing in winter. Such posts must be placed in the corners of the building; the distance between them is 2 to 3 meters.

Convenient base made of evenly spaced asbestos pipes. Along the perimeter of the proposed structure, marks are made at a distance of 1 meter from each other, then holes up to one meter deep are dug into which pipes are placed, filled with compacted soil and filled with cement.

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video

Sex

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video The next stage in the construction of a country house with your own hands is the device of the floor. First, beams are attached along the perimeter of all the columns of the foundation, then a frame is laid on them crosswise, the future foundation of the subfloor.

Beams can be made of different materials - wood, iron or reinforced concrete. The choice is made based on the severity of the potential structure and the developer's budgetary capabilities. In the corners, the beams must certainly be docked, or mechanically connected.

Deviations of no more than 1 cm are allowed.

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video
Subfloor

The sub-floor is secured with anchor bolts. Then the logs are laid, between which the insulation is placed. Next, the final floor is laid: its boards are reliably sealed with staples and fastened with large nails to the logs. It is advisable to use wood of the same type, or with similar qualities.

Then, due to different coefficients of expansion of materials, the structure will not be skewed during operation.

The floor is leveled with a plane and polished. Finally, it is treated with linseed oil (or special oil). If you plan to cover with linoleum or other material, then you can skip polishing.

Frame and walls

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video Wooden or metal racks are used to equip the wall frame.

When building a frame house with your own hands, they usually choose materials that are more affordable for a given region. In addition, the choice is made based on the planned load on the building.

For a one-story building, wooden beams with a 10-centimeter section, or 5-centimeter metal, will be sufficient. Hollow metal struts do not place a high load on the foundation, although they are extremely strong. Racks are fixed at the corners of the building.

The next ones are placed every 2-3 meters, between them cross-members of the same section, made of the same material, are built in. Fastening is carried out in a checkerboard pattern. The crossbeams in the span are located at a distance of one and a half meters from one another.

Window openings are bordered from below and above with crossbars, door openings are made out by fixing the crossbar at the top. In parallel with the installation of the wall frame, the assembly of the ceiling frame is carried out.

It is done in the same way as for the floor. The difference is the absence of concrete lintels when installing the ceiling structure.


Ceiling

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video When the frame of the floor, ceiling and walls is completely ready, you can start installing the roof. The material is preferable for this lightweight, but strong and reliable. The most appropriate and affordable are elements made of wood.

They also need to be processed.

The shed roof is the easiest to carry out. A gable roof is more preferable if the owners have a desire to equip an attic for living quarters - to get an original frame-type country house with attic . The height of the ridge depends on the estimated height of the living room on the second floor.

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video Installing a roof requires much more dexterity and dexterity than working with walls.

At the ends of the structure, stands with spacers are installed, on which the beam is placed: it will be the upper part of the roof frame. This is the strong point. Then the side slopes of the roof are filled with boards.

The boards are securely attached to the roof frame and roof ridge. The distance between them can be up to one meter.

Staggered boards are attached with crossbars, in a checkerboard pattern. The crossbars are at a distance of half a meter from each other.

Sheathing

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video When the frame of the house is ready , you can proceed to the plating .From the outside of the dwelling, it is often made of pressed moisture-resistant plywood, the sheets of which are fixed to the frame in a checkerboard pattern. Additional cross members are installed at the joints between them.

The sheets are joined at the level of the posts . From the inside, the frame is trimmed with boards or all the same plywood, according to the same principle as outside. Insulation sheets are placed between the inner and outer skin. In this capacity, you can use various suitable materials.

All wood used for a panel board country house must be carefully treated with special antiseptic agents against rot, mold and other damage.

The ceiling frame is sheathed using the same technology as the walls of the house. The finishing cladding can be started from the bottom of the ceiling frame.

Roofing

We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video The roofing material should be decided before installation of a frame for a roof. After all, the adjustment of the installation of crossbars and rafters in the roof frame should be made specifically for it.

Manufacturers of roofing material usually indicate the requirements for the frame required for its installation.

When purchasing material for the roof, it is important not to forget to pick up the scheme of its competent fastening from the store. This will save you from possible difficulties and problems.

The roofing material is insulated from the inside with a special roll material. Insulation is laid on strong nylon threads fixed between the rafters, which is protected from moisture on both sides by protective barriers.


Warming, interior decoration of the country house

The final stage is the insulation of the country frame house.

Choosing a suitable material for thermal insulation. For interior decoration, drywall or boards are suitable, which are fixed with self-tapping screws. We build a suburban frame house with our own hands: step-by-step instructions- Review + Video

Drywall is perfect for any final finish - wallpaper, decorative wall panels, painting.

If the building is planned to be used for permanent residence, you need to take care of purchasing mineral wool or expanded polystyrene. If the house will be actively operated only in warm weather, a more economical insulation is quite enough.

Outside, housing is sheathed with clapboard, panels or siding - the choice and taste of the owner.

Self-construction of suburban frame houses is inexpensive, useful and extremely useful activity. Preliminary calculations and planning of upcoming works greatly facilitate the construction process, reducing the possibility of errors to a minimum.

( 5 marks, average 2.4 of 5 )

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