We create a drywall shelf on the wall with our own hands: Step-by-step instructions - Review + Video

We create a drywall shelf on the wall with our own hands: Step-by-step instructions - Review + Video How to make a drywall shelf with your own hands? People have the idea of ​​making drywall shelves at the time of minor repairs, in which there is a wall cladding process. Extra shelves will never be redundant, as each has magazines, books, and figurines.

With a neat approach, drywall shelves can be used for larger things, for example, a microwave oven, or a TV, a monitor.

In any of these cases, using drywall, you can make shelves in order to simply decorate the apartment or make more space for flowers and other things.

About drywall

Advantages of drywall compared to other materials

If you look from one side, then the sheet drywall is not very suitable for shelves, because the strength is poor.

But with a careful approach, everything can be done well, because the reliability of shelves made of such material as a whole depends not only on this material. Let's take a look at the advantages of drywall sheet that can convince you to take this particular material:

  • Lightweight material . If you carry a huge sheet together, it will be very heavy, but the shelves themselves will weigh a little. The frame for the shelves made of this material is made of a lightweight iron profile, which means that the load on the wall will be insignificant.
  • Even after a long period of time, shelves will remain smooth .

  • The cost of drywall will be much less than for a sheet of plywood, OSB and solid wood. The calculation was taken from taking into account the cost for one m 2 .
  • Efficiency in this matter plays an almost key role. For the production of shelves, you can use not only sheets, but also pieces of material that remain after wall cladding. With all this, it is necessary to be able to carry out calculations so that there is much less waste.

  • Plasterboard sheets can be finished with different topcoats , which will allow the shelves to blend into absolutely every interior.
  • Plasterboard is very simple and easy to work with . Using tools, you can make a product of any shape from a sheet. With neatness, this material will make excellent shelves.

Necessary tools and materials

If the shelves are created at the same time with the wall cladding with this material, then there is no need to think about fasteners and additional tools.

You will already have everything you need for the shelves, but let's go through the list:

  • Self-tapping screws;
  • Galvanized profile 5О by 25 millimeters;
  • Dowels with spacers;
  • A sheet of drywall (if you are going to make shelves under the bathroom, then choose a moisture-resistant sheet).
  • Guide rails;

We also advise you to take the following tools:

  • Building level;
  • Tape measure ;
  • Marker or pencil;
  • Plumb bob;
  • Pliers;
  • Hammer;
  • Angle grinder;
  • Hacksaw ;
  • Knife;
  • Scissors for metal;
  • Plane;
  • Screwdriver.

In fact, not all of what we have listed, you may need, for example, if shelves made of a sheet of drywall on the wall will be used for very heavy things, then you will need metal profiles that will give you the opportunity to strengthen the stability of the frame. If your shelves are decorative, then a rack profile and simple guides are enough for you.

For finishing you need:

  • Serpyanka;
  • Brush;
  • Spatula;
  • Putty;
  • Primer.

Drywall shelf

Design and subsequent sketching

Before creating a shelf from of this material, you need to understand how you want to see it. There are a huge number of different shelf variations in the world. You can make them short, or, on the contrary, very long, you can hang them all over the house, or make just a few. They can be radial or angular. It all depends on your decisions.

You also need to know what loads the future shelf will be designed for. This will affect the thickness of the drywall sheet, as well as the choice of profile. The thicker the sheet, the more stress it can withstand. Plasterboard simple thickness 13 millimeters. If your shelves are designed for decoration, then arched or ceiling drywall will suit them, the thickness of which will be 6.

6 mm and 9.6 mm, respectively. All these data are reduced to the average, because they depend individually on the manufacturer.

We create a drywall shelf on the wall with our own hands: Step-by-step instructions - Review + Video Even the thickest drywall sheet will not be able to withstand a huge load. That is why it is necessary to look equally at both drywall and the profile with which the frame is formed.

Basically, all the load will go to the frame. There are drywall sheets in which the thickness is much more than 12.5 millimeters, but they are very rare and weigh quite a lot, so it is best to pay attention to the strength of your frame. Think about how best to place stiffeners (transverse view). You should also pay attention to the props.

When you have already decided exactly on the type of drywall shelf, and it's time to create, you need to create a sketch. A sketch is a sketch of what you are going to do. This drawing of drywall shelves can help you determine the amount of material, fasteners and the number of finished products. Remember that the width of the sheet of this material is 120 centimeters, and the length is from 200 to 350 centimeters.

After you have drawn the sketch, you can see for yourself the flaws in the plan.

Often, the planning of shelves changes a lot, because everything that a person sees in his head does not always turn out perfectly in the drawing, and on the wall it can be even worse. Ultimately, you must choose a project in which the number of connections and joints is minimal. This will simplify, not without this, a difficult task.

Angle

When the word "shelf" is used, a person often represents a rectangular-shaped structure, however, corner shelves made of drywall sheet have a more pleasant appearance. In addition to aesthetic purposes, they are used to fill empty spaces in the corners.

Due to the peculiarities of their creation, corner structures are considered more durable than rectangular ones, so that such products can be used for their intended purpose.

We create a drywall shelf on the wall with our own hands: Step-by-step instructions - Review + Video You can also create corner shelves without sides, thereby reducing material consumption even more. We recommend using arched plasterboard for covering the front. The arched drywall sheet is flexible enough to make the shelves concave. In this form, they will be more voluminous and more attractive than simple triangular ones.

For the strength of the frame, the sheet layer also plays a huge role, but only that with which the top of the shelf itself is sheathed. Use cheaper sheets for sheathing the sides or bottom.

Metal profile and frame

The use of a metal profile and guides in the production of a frame is considered one of the main stages in the process of creating do-it-yourself drywall shelves. Almost everything depends on this stage. First you need to create shelves from the profile for the drywall itself, and then sheathe it with sheets.

However, let's take it in order.

There are two ways of making a frame in the world

  • A base for shelf is produced. The base will protrude, which is why you will not be able to sew everything flush with the wall.
  • Shelves are used in the project before sheathing the wall with material . In this case, the frame is formed almost instantly, taking into account the already future shelves.

    After that, niches are made in the wall, which are then sheathed together with the entire wall. But all this is not what you need, because niches have a different purpose.

It will also be very useful for you to know what the strength characteristics of drywall shelves have. You have the opportunity to familiarize yourself with this information from a special table that we will provide below. The data in this table is mainly suitable for those who are going to install shelves after the entire wall is sheathed.

Gypsum plasterboard 12.5 mm:

  • - Maximum load on one anchor 26 kg;
  • - Maximum weight shelf, which is held by two anchors - 52 kilograms;
  • - The required effort to align the plastic anchor 8 mm butterfly - 52 kilograms.

Gypsum plasterboard 16 mm:

  • - Maximum load per anchor 36 kg;
  • - Maximum shelf weight, which is held by two anchors - 72 kilograms;
  • - The required effort to align the plastic anchor 8 mm butterfly is 66 kilograms.

When creating a frame from profiles, you need to mark everything on the wall. After you have drawn all the places where the profile will be located and pass, you can achieve that the shelves are even.

Fastening the profile to the wall in the areas you marked is done using dowels. They are nylon or metal. If the shelf acts as a decor, then we recommend choosing nylon ones.

The biggest load goes to the profile that is attached to the wall along the absolutely entire length, we advise you not to spare the dowels for this. It is also better to use a rack profile for this.

But if the shelf is made wide and specifically for things, then we recommend using jumpers to increase the strength of the frame, to create jumpers, as well as other parts of the frame, a guide profile is used.

Fastening the profiles to each other

You must know how to attach the rails to the rack-mount profile before creating your own drywall shelves. A rectangular frame is basically made from only one profile and three guides. They must be carefully connected together. For this, only two methods were invented, namely:

  • Using a special tool - a cutter.

    In general, it is used to temporarily attach two profiles to each other. This tool punches a hole in two adjacent profiles and bends the metal slightly. Due to all this, the profiles stick to each other. With this method, no burrs are formed, and the drywall adheres very tightly to the frame. Two notches on one joint of the profiles will be quite enough for their fastening.

  • Using metal self-tapping screws . Short special screws are used. At the junction of the profile with the guide, they are attached with two self-tapping screws. You need four self-tapping screws to fix the wall and guide profile between them. The guides are attached according to the same principle.

To increase the strength of the structure, there is a possibility of using vertical struts. In this case, the guides will be attached to these racks, and have a support, and not just sag in space. At this stage, a plumb line and a level are applied so that the rack is clearly vertical. You can attach it to the ceiling, floor, or even to wallpaper - it all depends on the layout you choose.

Fastening drywall to the frame

We create a drywall shelf on the wall with our own hands: Step-by-step instructions - Review + Video At the moment when the frame is already made and firmly attached to the wall, you can already start the sheathing.

This is a very easy process that won't give you any trouble. First you need to cut the drywall sheet to size.It is necessary to calculate everything in advance so that it takes a minimum of time and material for sheathing. Plasterboard shelves will turn out perfect if the cutting is done carefully so that the edges do not crumble.

In order for the self-tapping screws not to fall through the drywall, it is necessary to use a special bit during fastening due to the great effort on the screwdriver.

The bit with a stop will be harnessed into a sheet of plaster as needed for the head of the screw, so that it goes to the desired depth. For fastening a sheet of drywall to a profile, self-tapping screws of 3.6 millimeters are mainly used. With all this, the attachment pitch is from 150 to 200 millimeters. The length of the fastener is an ambiguous point.

In general, it is believed that the length of the self-tapping screw in this embodiment should not exceed 28 millimeters. But if you are working with this material for the first time, then we advise you to take large self-tapping screws of 36 millimeters.

Self-tapping screws can also behave incorrectly by moving the sheet or bending the profile. This is often due to the inexperience of the employee. We advise you to prevent this from happening to drill the screws one after another.

If you drill them sequentially, then you will be much less likely that your profile will be pressed through, because in the neighborhood each will have a mount that will help to hold it.

Finishing coat of the shelf

For the topcoat, completely different materials may suit you, but wallpaper and paint are often used. Working with wallpaper is long enough and inconvenient. It will take a huge amount of time and nerves, and the result may be absent. However, if you hide and cut everything correctly, then you get incredible beauty.

In this case, the wallpaper will be able to hide gypsum cracks, if you have them. Wallpaper is mainly used for painting.

If you decide to paint the shelves, then you will need water-based paint. If you take a thick one, then you can create stains with a brush on the surface of the shelf, creating original patterns.

In one case or another, before painting the shelves, they must be prepared.

To do this, all the caps and bayonets of the screws are putty. At the joints of drywall, it is necessary to create a right angle, because it is there that problems with leveling the surface are often formed. The putty will help you keep the shelves as flat as possible.

In order to make the edges more durable, paint corners are used, which are attached using the same putty. Just grease the place with putty and press the corner into it.

If you have arcuate shelves, then the corners will need to be additionally fastened with a styler. This technique makes it possible to obtain the most even and ideal shelves that will be ready for the final layer. The edges will be very strong and will not crumble on impact. After the putty dries, it will need to be sanded with sandpaper. The surface will eventually be very smooth.

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