Wooden houses made of wood have their own design features, which are fundamentally different from those of concrete or stone buildings. Previously, the arrangement of a bathroom in such buildings was fraught with a number of certain difficulties. The fact is that both the room itself and the rooms adjacent to it were exposed to a very noticeable effect of rather high humidity. Thanks to the emergence of new materials and the use of modern technologies, today there are practically no obstacles to the placement and decoration of the bathroom and toilet.
When performing any construction work in a wooden structure, it is necessary to take into account the properties of natural material .
.. Wood is a special material that has its own quality characteristics. They have a direct impact on the process of finishing and cladding, and on the subsequent operation. It is difficult to do without tiles in the bathroom, so you have to find a way out of a difficult situation.
Installation of tiles in a frame or wooden structure is a serious and rather complicated process. The specific conditions in the aforementioned rooms are somewhat different from the usual, due to the specific characteristics of the tree:
Even a slight increase in humidity can negatively affect the quality of the material, especially in areas such as kitchens and bathrooms. They should be provided with excellent vapor and waterproofing.
It is important to remember that you should not carry out finishing work in a newly built wooden house. Before proceeding with tiling with tiles or other material, you need to wait the required period until the period of active shrinkage of the structure ends. Thanks to this, you will be able to prevent displacement of the mounted coating, and therefore, preserve its original appearance.
Installation of tiles on walls or floors made of wooden materials is by no means a whim, but a work necessity. Therefore, it is so important to know and follow the rules for carrying out work of this kind.
Let's look at the methods that can be used to attach this finishing material to wood . There are special materials designed to work with these surfaces. It is allowed to use traditional compositions, but in this case it will be necessary to strictly limit the contact between the wooden base and the tile being mounted.
The consequence of this will be a significant increase in costs, as well as a decrease in the usable floor space.
What compounds can be used to attach floor tiles to wood?
In the case when a tree acts as a base, its properties can be improved by introducing water glass into the composition.
What tools are essential for this type of work?
Before starting the installation itself, important preparatory measures must be taken.
The base must be prepared in a special way . Under normal conditions, it is enough to level it well and thoroughly treat it with a primer; here a number of mandatory important procedures are required.
A careful examination of the wood substrates themselves intended for finishing should be carried out. This is especially true of gender. It is advisable to raise the rough flooring and check the condition of the base log.
If individual supporting elements show signs of deterioration or rot, they must be replaced. The free space between the logs, in order to improve thermal insulation, is filled with expanded clay.
All parts and elements made of wood must be treated with a moisture-repellent antiseptic. If there are traces of old paint or varnish on the surface, they must be removed. When the boards are completely dry, you can replace the removed top covering.
The use of an additional substrate is the best option, which allows you to maximize the mobility of the wood material.
Plasterboard fiber or special moisture resistant plywood can act as such a substrate.These materials can be attached directly to the floor and walls, or to the fabricated frame. It should also be well primed. For this, the mixture must not only have the ability to penetrate deep into the wood, but also form a special protective film on its surface.
Usually, the first thing to do is to arrange the flooring. Let's take a closer look at how to reliably fix ceramic tiles to wood surfaces. In addition to plywood flooring, we will need to make an additional screed, providing the floor with reliable waterproofing in advance. It is necessary to carefully close all existing cracks and joints, while maintaining, if necessary, the ability of some movement of the coating.
For this, polyurethane foam is used, which serves as a kind of compensator.
A special membrane waterproofing made of polymer material is spread on the base from above. Individual canvases are mounted with an overlap, they are fastened together with adhesive tape. Next, we make a small concrete pad (cement screed).
There are special mixtures for wood surfaces. Their functional feature is their special elasticity, due to which they do not form cracks even with some movement of the base.
When the concrete pad is well dry, it should be thoroughly primed. And only after that you can proceed to the direct facing.
Tiles are installed according to standard techniques. In the kitchen, it is advisable to start installation from the center of the room or from its farthest corner. If the work is carried out from the center of the room, then the entire area is divided into four symmetrical zones, and each is worked out in turn.
When the installation of the coating is completed, it is necessary to carefully seal all the seams. Latex mass or a special mixture based on resins is used as a grout for them.
It is recommended to start the process of laying tiles on existing wooden walls after the preparatory work. It is necessary to create a special additional layer, made of moisture-resistant drywall or special plywood. If you attach the material directly to the tree, then later it can fall off.
In the case when the bathroom is adjacent to some kind of living space, it is important to provide for a reliable waterproofing device vertically as well. It is necessary to prevent the penetration of excess moisture.
Installation of wall tiles should be carried out exclusively on a treated and thoroughly primed surface. If the room is small, and every decimeter of usable area is valued, you can do without plywood. Instead, cracks and joints can be sealed with polyurethane foam, and the coating itself can be carefully leveled with a thin layer of plaster.
The mixture should not be ordinary traditional, but have elastic properties.
Tiles in the bathroom must be installed from the second row of the surface. Treat small areas one by one. It is necessary to apply an increased layer of glue solution, and not only on the surface of the walls, but also on the finishing tile itself. This will allow him to acquire additional space for possible movement.
All seams are marked with crosses, which are approximately three millimeters thick.
Seamless installation is absolutely unacceptable in wooden buildings. If you use it, then individual parts and elements, when changing the volume of the base, can go one on top of the other. In the very last turn, the first row is laid, which can consist of various threaded elements. Seams are filled with grout and all existing joints are filled with silicone sealant.
If you understand well all the theoretical aspects of finishing procedures, then decorating a bathroom or kitchen with tiles will not be a problem for you. If you strictly follow all of the above rules, then the fresh tile covering will fix on the surface reliably and firmly, retaining its qualities even after a long time.
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