The desire to reduce the expense of the family budget for building a house, land owners choose universal country houses with an attic. Firstly, it saves space, and secondly, it makes the building more presentable in appearance. The remaining area near the house can be decorated at your own discretion. There are many ways to do this, the most popular is landscape design.
The attic has a number of advantages over a full-fledged second floor, which make it such an attractive structural element of the building.
Thus, you can save money on heating, reduce the cost of building materials.
This will save you the need to build an attic above the second floor, since the attic can perform this function as well.
Country houses are built from different building materials, but the most popular in our time are:
The superstructure in the form of an attic does not belong to a separate floor, in this regard, projects of houses in a summer cottage are created with one or two floors. Most often, preference is given to one-story houses above which they have an attic with a sloping roof.
They use it for various purposes. Here you can arrange a recreation room, a warehouse for various tools, a dressing room, etc. given that the attic is not considered a second floor, such houses are registered as one-story
The design features of the attic allow starting construction not simultaneously with the first floor, and much later, if necessary. This is explained by the fact that in order to start the construction of a full-fledged second floor, it is necessary to carry out additional calculations of the load on the foundation in order to understand whether it will withstand or not. In the case of a summer cottage project with an attic, it is necessary to make an additional blind area, since the hay of the house will have a greater load than before.
The whole process of construction will be reduced to re-equipping the attic floor to the floor, sheathing with waterproofing material, stuffing slings and laying a high roof. All that remains is to insulate the structure, carry out finishing work and put it into operation.
From the point of view of saving money for the construction of a country house, it is worth noting that this can be done on almost everything, with the exception of windows that are mounted in the roof. Subject to the high-rise rise of the roof and a small area of the attic, you can get by with the installation of standard windows in the form of a trapezoid or triangle. You will get significant savings on walls, communication system, insulation material.
Important! When building an attic floor, great attention is paid to the ventilation system. If you want to make a bathroom upstairs, you will have to spend money on laying a sewer.
On areas with elevation differences, builders recommend building houses with an attic, placing it above a strong basement floor. Thus, you will get an attractive-looking structure, with a solid solid first floor and a wood attic on the second. The combination of beautiful appearance and practicality will appeal to many summer cottage owners.
As for the design of the attic in the country, the Chalet style, with its wooden beams, natural finishing materials, and discreet colors, would be an ideal choice. The Scandinavian style is popular with many for its modern simplicity and sophistication at the same time. On the second attic floor, you can create a small studio with large windows for a good view.
Most often, the second floor of a house is set aside for a children's room or bedroom, which is all convenient in the case of a large family. To minimize the load on the base of the house, drywall can be used as partitions.
The most popular are country houses 6 x 6 m with an attic. At first glance, it may seem that this is not enough. But in fact, if you approach planning responsibly, installing the roof at a decent height, you can achieve an expansion of the house area up to 60 m². This is quite enough for a country house if it is used as a seasonal habitat. In such an area, you can arrange a kitchen, 2 bedrooms, a bathroom and a storage room, for example.
The design of a country house with an attic and a veranda differs from the usual options for us. The results of careful calculations are entered into the project of the future structure, indicating the amount of material required, as well as the load on the foundation. An estimate is made at the initial stage of construction, and it is worth noting that a building of this type will cost a little more than with an attic.
As for the veranda, it can be closed or open, have a common roof with the house, or be a separate building. Insulation of the attic will have a great effect on the glazed veranda, as it will help keep warm in winter and keep it cool in the heat of summer.
Subject to the construction of an open-type veranda, they provide for a careful development of the ceiling above it in order to avoid water penetration. Removing the veranda outside the perimeter of the house will expand the total area of the building.
Tip. In order to visually combine the attic with the veranda, ivy or grapes are planted. As the plants grow, they create a solid green wall.
The veranda is used not only for a pleasant pastime with friends and relatives. A closed room is suitable for placing various things and tools. In addition, you can build a greenhouse inside and grow your favorite plants or seedlings.
The timber is popular in small construction. This environmentally friendly material does not lose its position in the building materials market.
Despite the fact that all finished timber buildings are lighter in weight than brick ones, it is necessary to take care of a solid and reliable foundation, taking into account the load that the attic has.
An excellent choice would be a profiled beam, which allows you to assemble houses like a children's designer, thanks to the special grooves at the ends of each element.
It is recommended to purchase material to order, taking into account the peculiarities of the construction of an attic with a sloped roof. In this case, the manufacturer will prepare the material according to the provided house project.
Regardless of the size of the planned dacha, the attic room is arranged according to a single principle.
Since the space is located under the roof, heat exchange processes constantly take place there, much more intensively than through walls. To create an optimal microclimate, you need to take care of proper insulation of the attic of the country house and waterproofing of the roof. During the winter heating season, the moist air flows upward.
To improve the microcirculation of streams, preference is given to a broken roof with a complex shape.
For insulation of a room, mineral wool is often used, which is laid between the rafters, and a board crate is made under them.
It is important to ensure the absolute dryness of the material, only then will it be able to perform its functions. To do this, foil insulation or a vapor barrier film is attached to the crate. Under the ceiling in the upper part, a film with a vapor-penetrating function is mounted, which will ensure the evaporation of moisture from the mineral wool. A control and transverse crate is laid on top, on which the roof is mounted. For rafters, a bar with a section of 150 mm is used, and the crate at the bottom is laid from a 22 mm board.
We must not forget about the front corners.
( 10 marks, average 4.4 of 5 )
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020
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