Frame or panel houses are very popular among summer residents. They are affordable, durable enough, and most importantly, they are built very quickly, but usually they have to be insulated for winter living. The construction of a panel house is carried out on a ready-made foundation, columnar or pile, communications are supplied separately.
Some families who plan to live permanently in a panel house provide all thermal protection options in advance. But if at first you expected to use the house in the autumn-summer period, and then decided to spend time in the country in winter, you can easily insulate the house with your own hands after construction.
In order not to spend money on unnecessary heating of all rooms, the house should be insulated as evenly as possible, it is necessary to avoid cold bridges, moreover, if the frame house is incorrectly insulated, the service life of finishing materials, household appliances, and personal belongings may decrease. For comfortable winter living in a frame-panel house, the floor insulation system is clearly not enough. In addition to sealing joints, sealing window frames and door frames, insulation of the basement, basement and insulation of the walls of the panel house will be required.
In order to insulate do-it-yourself frame-panel house, first carry out preparatory work to seal all the cracks and small defects that can let the cold pass. Gaps can be treated with polyurethane foam, joints are caulked using tow or jute.
Carefully process the joints of the floor and walls in each room, seal up window openings, corners, and be sure to check the overlap of the house from the attic side and from the inside of the room.
Now you can start to insulate the panel house outside. To do this, it is necessary to install profiles under the external finishing and fix a layer of insulation on them.
Bulk and sheet materials such as ecowool, foam glass, extruded polystyrene foam, expanded polystyrene, basalt, mineral wool can serve as insulation , glass wool, polystyrene, penoizol. All these materials have their advantages and disadvantages, but in general, with proper installation, they can protect the house from winter frosts.
Ecowool and foam glass are inexpensive environmentally friendly materials with good fire resistance and antiseptic properties. Styrofoam protects well from the wind, is light, almost does not rot, but requires special treatment with refractory substances, and is also susceptible to damage by animals. Glass wool is a hazardous material and requires extreme care when working with it.
The most common and recommended by specialists material for external insulation of a frame house is liquid foam, penoizol.It is relatively inexpensive, protected from rodents and harmful organisms, fills gaps and joints well, does not leave cold bridges.
The warranty period of the insulation is about 60 years.
Liquid foam is suitable for insulation of walls, floors and floors of the house. The insulating layer must be at least 15 cm.
After you have fixed the sheet material on the frame or tightly poured loose insulation into the wall space, it is necessary to equip the waterproofing layer with a regular polyester film. It is enough to fix the film with a construction stapler.
Do not neglect the vapor barrier, otherwise you risk losing up to 50% of the heat in winter.
For this, a special film is used, which does not allow moisture to enter the insulating material, thereby protecting it from mold and mildew.
The vapor barrier layer is covered with facade cladding on top. To save money, egg containers are used together with expensive films. Oddly enough, this method is quite effective and practical.
Thermal insulation of a panel house from the inside is a conditional measure . Depending on the weather in winter, you can decide whether you need additional protection at home or not. But if you do decide to produce one, here are some tips.
Internal insulation of the house should be done with breathable materials.
They do not accumulate moisture, as a result of which their thermal insulation properties are not lost, they will not rot and deteriorate.
Drywall will serve as such a material perfectly; a cheap option is to fasten the battens of the crate, which are sheathed with plywood, and foam granules or expanded clay are poured into the free space between them.
Insulation of the basement of a panel house and its finishing requires separate measures. This is the installation of a waterproofing layer and installation of insulation, arrangement of the drainage system and decorative finishing.
From practice we know for sure that this technology of house insulation is very effective. After insulating a frame-panel house, its heating costs, on average, 70% cheaper.
For example, if the thickness of the insulated house reaches 25 centimeters, then the thickness of the insulating layer must be made at least 15 centimeters.
( 3 marks, average 3 of 5 )
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |03, Nov 2020