Still wondering how to lay all these pipes, laying, wiring, everything seems complicated to you? Let's figure it out completely. Utilities in a frame house, as in any living space, means a standard heating and water supply system, as well as electrical wiring and internal ventilation. For the execution of these works, professional specialists can be involved, however, each owner of the house needs to have at least a little idea about the performance of such work. Because the subsequent comfort of living and coziness will depend on how the laying of all communications in the frame house will be done.
Installation and installation of all communications lines in a wooden house is provided in advance by a project for all the wishes of the developer.
For the installation and installation of communication lines, both the interfloor space and the space inside the walls of the frame house are used. This is quite convenient because the interior space of all rooms is most free from various pipes and twisted wires.
When installing and installing communications in a wooden house, usually there are no difficulties and difficulties. The same can be said about telecommunication lines.
It is customary to start the installation with marking the future lines on all timber frame uprights.
In the places where they intersect with pipelines, use an electric drill to drill holes of the required diameter. Using special metal clamps, fasten the pipeline to the uprights of the wooden frame and floor beams so that the pipes do not wobble from side to side in the space between the walls.
For the installation and installation of sewage lines in a frame wooden house, PVC pipes of a certain diameter (from 50 to 110mm) are used. These dimensions allow them to be mounted inside all partitions. In order to connect the plumbing equipment to the water pipe riser, special metal-plastic pipes or hoses for cold and hot water are used (marking in blue and red is required).
Installation and installation of a heating system of a frame house can be carried out in the same way as installing a water supply system. All pipes of the required diameter are mounted in the space between the walls. They are fixed to the vertical posts of the wooden frame and the beams of all floors with special clamps. In order not to lose some of the heat, heating pipes that are installed in an unheated room are very well insulated.
All lines of the exhaust and supply and exhaust ventilation systems and related equipment (these can be filters, various fans and heaters), as a rule, are usually located in the attic or between floors.
The power of this equipment is calculated by specialists, and this is if the ventilation is forced.
The air duct passing in the unheated space of the attic must be sufficiently well insulated against large heat losses. In order to carry out competent communication in a frame wooden house with your own hands, all places where ventilation and its equipment are attached to the ceiling must be sealed to prevent the appearance of leaks. This is when all forced ventilation will be most effective.
The greatest number of questions will arise during the installation and installation of electrical wiring in timber frame houses, because it is very problematic to place the wiring in the space between the walls.
If we rely on the requirements of SP-31-110-2003 "Design and installation of electrical installations in residential and public buildings", the rules and regulations for the installation of all electrical installations, as well as the rules and norms of fire safety in the territory of the Russian Federation (PPB-01-03), read that it is allowed to mount and install all electrical wiring only in special metal pipes.
All pipes for electrical wiring in a timber frame house must be stainless or black steel.
Therefore, all boxes distributions should be made of steel. For each outlet and switch, certain metal clips must be installed, which will be needed for the socket boxes.
Instead of covers for covered electrical wiring in a frame wooden house, you can use corrugated copper or stainless steel sleeves, or sleeves covered with a certain fire retardant enamel, in other words - steel pipes.
However, the use of steel pipes will be permissible provided that all elements of the wiring are completely sealed. If we assume that a cable lights up inside this pipe, then this fire will be considered local due to the lack of air and it will not spread further.
When assembling and installing electrical wiring in metal tubes, it would be necessary to carry out special welding work, but relying on fire safety rules, any welding work in frame houses is strictly prohibited.
Although the wooden box has not yet been sheathed with internal or external panels, it cannot be called a house, so the installation and installation of metal pipes will be a possible option. When welding, be sure to follow all fire safety rules.
There are no other legal options for installing and laying electrical wiring in a frame wooden house.
The electrical wiring, which is made in PVC corrugated hoses, is a gross violation of existing norms and rules.
All work related to the installation of electrical transmission lines should be carried out only by knowledgeable specialists who have all the necessary approvals and certain licenses. After the installation is completed, they are obliged to write you an act of completion, which will indicate the details and a list of all the necessary documents of the company that carried out the installation and installation of your wiring.
The cost of hidden electrical wiring, performed in accordance with all norms and rules, will be significantly higher than the prices of wiring in special cable channels by 50-60%.
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