Stove heating with and without a water circuit in a two-story house is still in demand. This article is for those who want to get acquainted with the design features of a stove in a private house, find out if there is an opportunity to build it with their own hands, what materials are used for this, how to build a fireplace on the second floor, what types of stoves are best suited for installation in a house ... And also, we will tell you what is the advantage of a stove with a water circuit and how to install it.
Stove heating in a private house makes it possible to be independent of the centralized system, and gives a number positive points. There is no need to wait until the heat is started or turned off according to the schedule, the ability to control the level of comfortable temperature in the house, as well as the cost of paying for fuel. Installing a stove in a two-story house can be an expensive undertaking, but as practice and people's reviews show, it's worth it. To build a stove in a house on two floors, at the beginning it is necessary to make its project, carry out the necessary calculations, and only then start the main work.
The nuance that you need to pay attention to first of all - the oven requires a lot of space. The process of heating the whole house does not occur immediately, but gradually. It is not possible to control the air temperature throughout the house.
In order to build a high-quality furnace structure, the first step is to take care of a reliable foundation of the house, and before that calculate the weight finished building. A pit for the foundation is dug out at a level of at least 1 meter, and a reinforced concrete slab is used as an overlap.
It is necessary to install such structures along the length of the internal load-bearing walls.
The stove in a two-storey house is of 2 types - one-furnace or two-furnace. The main firebox is always located on the ground floor. On the second, you can put a working fireplace, which makes it possible to heat the house faster.
The service life of a single-furnace wood-burning stove for a two-story house is usually longer than that of a two-furnace one.
This is due to the structural features of the structure. Vertical channels are installed on the upper floor. For the heating section of each floor, dampers are installed. They block the flow of smoke. After cooling, the flue gases turn into condensate, and the brickwork of the furnace gradually deteriorates.
A two-fired oven is a more advantageous option because it provides quick and even heating.
A single load of firewood into the stove averages about 50 kg . In stoves with one firebox, they are placed vertically, which makes it possible to get heat transfer much faster.The flue gases move upward through the billowing chimney and then are distributed through branch chimneys to the distribution chimneys. Often there are protruding bricks inside the channels that expand the space to absorb heat.
In places where soot accumulates or ash settles, holes are made for cleaning with doors. A single-furnace heating system has one significant advantage. You need to lay firewood only at the bottom. The opportunity to run upstairs and do the same work is no longer possible.
Very often a hybrid construction of a stove and a fireplace is used to heat a house.
Its main plus is the ability to keep warm in the room throughout the day.
Heat transfer reaches 5 kW, which is 2 times more than conventional furnaces. This can significantly reduce fuel costs. To achieve this result, fireclay bricks are used when designing stoves for a two-story house. Smoke valves are placed on each side of the firebox in order to evenly heat the surface.
Hybrid ovens require little space and look presentable. Do-it-yourself installation and installation of a stove for a two-story house can turn into a tidy sum, since refractory glass is not cheap.
Materials for installing a brick oven of a two-story house:
Before laying the oven, you need to mark the first row on the roofing felt, which acts as a waterproofing. The first row is laid without mortar. Then you need to adhere to the drawing and begin the construction of the stove, remembering the chimneys. The foundation is poured with cement.
For laying bricks, a sand-clay mixture is used. On the second row, it is necessary to put the blower door, secured with wire and temporarily reinforced with a brick.
The construction of the combustion chamber begins from the fourth row using fireclay bricks. On the fifth row, sheets of asbestos are placed, and a grate is placed on them. The firebox door is placed by analogy with the blower door in the sixth row.
Chimney valves are placed on the 30th row, and the 38th row ends the layout of the stove and chimney. Next, they begin laying the stove on the second floor. From 1 to 26 rows lay out a stove with the possibility of installing a fireplace. In row 27, a valve is placed, then a chimney is erected through the attic - to the street.
Stove heating a two-story house can be designed in different ways.
Preference is given to one or the other, depending on the size of the house and its features. It is most convenient to place the main part of the stove on the first floor, on the second to build a fireplace.In the bedroom, study, the fireplace will look wonderful and will add coziness. The ovens are laid out on top of each other, and a slab of concrete is placed between them. The disadvantage of this arrangement is that if one fails, the second will also not be able to work.
When laying bricks, it is necessary to inspect them for chips, they should not be. Also, an important rule for the construction of a stove is that it should not touch the walls of the house made of timber and the partition between the rooms, since the high temperature will provoke a fire.
At the bottom of the furnace, gaps are made between the floor and the foundation of the furnace. A sheet of metal is placed in front of the firebox to collect coals, which will inevitably fall out of the furnace.
Stove heating with a water circuit, allows you to change the stove on the 2nd floor for a radiator.
Heat will be circulated throughout all rooms and the house will be heated evenly. Radiators can also be oil or electric. The disadvantage of this type of heating is the additional cost of electricity. But, a significant advantage is that there is no need to build a stove on the 2nd floor. To establish a heat exchange system, a register is used - a type of coil, along which the coolant is led to change the temperature.
The register can be used both from iron pipes and metal sheets. The heating area of the room depends on its size. The thickness of the metal must be at least 3 mm, because the thin-walled register will burn out from high temperatures.
Heating radiators are connected to the register using metal pipes, they are positioned at a certain angle. With this arrangement, water can drain freely.
To supply water to the 2nd floor, install a circulation pump.
The water circuit must be equipped with an expansion vessel, which is installed at the top of the heating system. Its function is to compensate for the expansion of water at high temperatures, to optimize system performance.
Stove heating of a two-story house must be correctly entered into the interior design, since its design is rather bulky. Refractory materials are used for facing the built-in furnace.
Very often, a kitchen is placed on the 1st floor, and decorated with beautiful tiles, in a certain style, the stove can become almost its main decoration. Also, the stove can be finished with decorative plaster for a hut. Tiled tiles, which were previously handcrafted, will attract attention. Decorative bricks will also create a unique style for your stove. The fireplace located on the 2nd floor can also be tiled to match a certain style of the room.
You can connect 2 elements: decorative bricks and facing tiles.
Contrary to the popular belief that a two-story house cannot be heated with a stove, the practice and reviews of home owners with such a system proves the opposite. A stove with a water circuit is quite capable of handling even a large cottage. The main thing is to properly configure the system and periodically service it.
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