This floor has many layers. The layers go from the very ground to the final coating. Before starting the installation, we will consider all the features.
Features of different layers of flooring
In order for people to be comfortable in the room, any building must have a multi-layer base.
The house, where people will later have to live, must be approached with special attention, since the standard of living of people will depend on this.
In order to make floors on the ground that will comply with SNiP, it is necessary to start work with a quality foundation.
First, half a meter, you need to remove the layer of black soil and replace it with sand with a coarse fraction. A layer of sand is raised above the ground level and compacted with a vibrating plate.
In the process of compaction of sand, its surface is watered with water.
This is for better shrinkage. You can also use soil to which gravel has been added.
This layer serves to distribute pressure to the base. After all, if one corner of the house sags, then disastrous consequences cannot be avoided.
In order to make the bedding layer, concrete is poured in five centimeters.
An innovation in the performance of this level is the profiled membrane, due to which the terms of work and the price are reduced.
Waterproofing is necessary to protect against moisture, important to maintain good condition of the flooring.
If waterproofing materials are not used, fungi , mold , rot may form.
In the future, these unfavorable factors can destroy the foundation and disrupt the comfortable stay in the room.
The following materials are required for waterproofing:
The same alternative to the above materials is polyethylene film 3 mm thick and rolled twice.
Large amounts of heat escape through the floor. To avoid heat loss, it is necessary to make a heat-insulating layer of special materials.
The following materials are used for thermal insulation:
The choice of insulation depends on your desire and finances.
A good solution would be to install a floor heating system (water or electric).
Such a solution, however, will cost you a pretty penny, but a warm floor on the ground will allow you to save on heating in the future.
This layer is considered the most important pillar of the building.
A reinforced concrete slab acts as such a layer and it consists of concrete of class B12; steel mesh; crushed stone, ranging in size from 5 to 20 mm.
The floor must be leveled before final coating.
Align it with a cement-sand mixture and fill it using beacons.
Any material you like can be selected for finishing. For example:
Vinyl, tiles, linoleum, 3D floor , parquet.
To choose the material of your choice, you must understand the technical purpose of each floor layer. Then you can independently calculate the floor on the ground.
Next, we will analyze how to properly make the floor on the ground.
For this, two materials are used: concrete and wooden logs. Both options have positive and negative qualities.
The floor on the ground made of wood is characterized by the presence of ventilation , this is achieved by raising the floor above the ground.
Plastic dowels are used as fastening and steel screws.
After all the procedures, the wooden floor is ready for the installation of the final layer, now it can be painted or varnished. And also, if desired, the floor is equipped with soundproofing and insulated.
This method called suspended, because the soil acts as a formwork for a reinforced concrete slab. This design is considered to be strong and durable.
The floor is poured over the ground in the following steps:
Pour the finished mixture in strips, aligning with the beacons. After the concrete has set, the floor is insulated and the installation of the finishing layer is started.
In order to simplify the concreting process, it is recommended to use a ready-made concrete-sand mixture.
Warming the floor is not an unimportant part of the floor structure on the ground. You can insulate the floor with different materials. You can choose the material that will be within your pocket.
The main qualities that the insulation material must have are:
Several types of materials have these qualities:
Fairly cheap stuff. When exposed to bituminous mastics, the foam is subject to destruction.
It is recommended to cover it with plastic wrap on both sides.
Extruded polystyrene foam .
More expensive and better than polystyrene. It is durable, keeps warm, and resists moisture better.
Mineral wool .
Strong and warm material, but the disadvantage of the material is that it absorbs moisture. Therefore, when concreting, it is better to protect this material from contact with the mortar.
Expanded clay .
This material can replace gravel, screed and insulation.
Underfloor heating system
The underfloor heating system is water and electric.
Warm floors are considered very expensive, but at the same time an ideal insulation option.
The choice will be yours, based on your capabilities.
As you understand, the ground floor has a layered structure, and each layer of the floor is important.
The modern building materials market is very diverse and therefore everyone can equip the floor in their own way.
Stick to our recommendations, choose the right materials and do.
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Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |08, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |10, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020