The name of the material tells about the purpose of decorative plaster. After all, as you know, plaster is designed to level the walls in an apartment or house, and create a decorative effect.
Like any facing material, this plaster has its own characteristics in application. The key to a quality coating is a carefully leveled and prepared surface. More precisely, the walls in the house should be perfectly flat, without the slightest flaw.
This article is useful for those who are interested in decorative wet silk plaster. Let's talk about the main advantages and disadvantages of this material for wall decoration. You will find out what features and nuances of plaster must be taken into account if you decide to decorate the walls with your own hands, and most importantly, through which components and techniques you can create a pearlescent shine of silk on the walls.
The composition of decorative plaster with a wet silk effect includes such components as:
It is the silk components that give the plaster the expected effect. The coarse silky fibers make the surface look luxurious and rich.
Decorative plaster has a number of positive characteristics along with negative ones. Let's try to figure out why she is so appreciated and for what she is disliked.
The unique properties of this finishing material are directly influenced by the composition, making it at the same time the most expensive in its segment.
The plastered surface absorbs noise from neighboring rooms, makes the room warm and cozy, and also allows air to pass through, allowing the walls to breathe. Thus, the material provides a favorable microclimate in the house.
For protection, special tabs are used at the initial stage of use.
Wet silk plaster in the interior allows you to create breathtaking play on surfaces. The walls appear translucent with fractions of silk fibers. In order to achieve such an effect, it is necessary to adhere to the instructions for the application technology, because everything is not as simple as it might seem at first glance.
It is believed that liquid silk wallpaper and wet silk plaster are one and the same.
In fact, this is not the case. This impression arises from inexperience, because at first glance the surfaces look almost the same.
But, such effects are created by different components that make up these finishing materials. The composition of liquid wallpaper contains fibers of silk and cellulose, they do not provide the desired effect. The plaster also contains these components, but they are negligible, such a surface can be achieved only with the correct application of the solution.
Note. Nacreous particles are often added to the composition of silk plaster, which create an excellent effect of the shine of the walls.
The application technique allows to achieve this result. Layers of plaster are made thin translucent only 1 mm. They need to be applied from 2 to 8.
The effect of a silk surface on the walls is achieved by visual overflow of layers among themselves. In this way, the sun's rays penetrate the material, allowing the walls to shine. You also need to observe the differences in shades between adjacent layers.
Acrylic resins in the composition of decorative plaster make the material durable, protects against scratches and cracks, fingerprints.
On sale there is such a material for the walls, which is called fiberglass.
Experts do not recommend using it, as it can harm the decorative coating. This happens because the material perfectly absorbs everything that is applied to it, and even a primer will not help save the situation. When using metal beacons for initial wall covering, they must be removed to prevent corrosion. If silk plaster is planned to be applied in rooms with high humidity, then the walls must be treated with moisture-resistant impregnation. From fungus and mildew, the walls are able to protect the antiseptic.
Note. It is recommended to wait some time before applying each subsequent coat
In houses from a block, the walls are allowed to rest for several months after the initial coating has been applied. In brick houses, this period is at least 6 months. In cases where work was carried out in winter, decorative plaster should be applied only in summer. Considering that silk plaster is very finicky, you need to strictly follow the rules for its use and application.
In order to properly prepare the walls for plastering under wet silk, it is necessary to completely clean them of the old coating, if any. Also, the walls need to be checked for chips, cracks and other defects. For such work, acrylic putty will fit, which does an excellent job with this task. Apply the primer to the walls in 2 layers and wait until it dries completely.
If it is impossible to completely clean the walls of old coatings, they should be washed with water, removed grease stains, if any, and scratched well in order to achieve better adhesion between layers.
Use sandpaper to create a wet silk and gloss effect on the plaster. Application of decorative plaster is carried out at an air temperature in the room of 10 - 15 ° C and humidity indicators of about 80%.
Decorative wet silk plaster in the interior is available for purchase in stores in a finished state, in addition you buy your favorite color scheme. You will also need tools such as a roller, spatula and trowel.
The base layer is applied to create a certain basis for further manipulations. It needs to be applied very thinly, almost transparently. To do this, use a trowel and a spatula. Draw up the required amount of plaster and place on the trowel. Apply the tool at a specific angle and smoothly spread over the surface.
Then it is necessary to allow the layer to dry for several hours. The exact drying time depends on the type of plaster, this information is indicated on the packaging.
The next coat must be applied in the same way, with the difference that it must not be allowed to dry. Use a trowel to make an arched motion, thus creating a relief.You can apply the composition to the walls with a roller, and smooth the layers with a trowel, forming a pattern.
Note. Do not use long-nap rollers to apply wet silk plaster. The material is applied too thickly, and then it is very difficult to work with it.
In order for you to get different effects on the surface from the application of plaster, use different techniques in working with it. The technique of applying decorative plaster wet silk droppe allows you to create an interesting texture by applying short strokes in different directions.
In appearance, patterns are obtained in the form of leaves, curls and various intricate patterns. The moon technique is created by moving the trowel along the radius. To make the surface resemble wet silk, layers are applied transparently, 1 mm each.
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