To build a house with your own hands, it is necessary to involve specialists at all stages of construction and observe a clear sequence. When building a house, the sequence of actions plays an important role. First of all, it is necessary to clearly remember that when hiring contractors, you need to constantly monitor the entire process of work and construction technology, as well as the building materials used. Below, we will consider the entire technological process in more detail.
After acquiring land and obtaining all the necessary registration documents for the site, a special permit is drawn up to connect the house to the electrical network.
If there are other central networks in the village - water supply, sewerage, gas pipeline, then be sure to issue a permit for their connection. The owners of utility systems conclude an agreement with you and give you technical conditions for connecting the house to the network, the requirements that will need to be taken into account in your project.
Further in the administration of the village you will need to get an architectural and planning assignment for building a house. But it could be another document.
It will contain all the necessary information and special construction requirements on the site.
It is imperative to find out the layout of the street near your construction site - the boundaries of the sidewalk and roadway, lawn, the location of all communications, as well as street lighting.
Documents issued by the administration usually contain requirements for the location of buildings on the site. It is not necessary to place a house, outbuildings, a garage, a well on the plot, as you want, but according to the typical plot plan.
All developers must adhere to this plan, so that, for example, a septic tank on your personal plot would not be next to your neighbor's well, and so that certain fire-prevention gaps between neighboring buildings are observed.
All the requirements of the village administration and the sequence of work in the house must be taken into account, otherwise you may not receive a permit to build a house.
Next, you need to develop a drawing of the vertical layout of the site. This plan will show all vertically located buildings on the site. In addition, certain slopes of the ground surface, all paths and driveways on the site will be set, this will allow you to plan in advance and direct all surface water runoff in a certain direction. This plan also determines the places on the site where it will be necessary to cut or fill in the soil.
If you do not have a vertical plan, this will lead to problems in the future. For example, the house may turn out to be too deep in the ground and there will be a problem with water drainage.
Next, you need to make an estimate for the construction of a house, always with a breakdown into separate stages.
For this purpose, on the site plan, the places of storage of all building materials, the placement of the required mechanisms, the entrance of construction vehicles and machines, the supply routes of the temporary electrical network and water supply are outlined.
Entrust a contractor to purchase all building materials and you will have less worries.
But if you want to save money, go shopping yourself. After analyzing the market, collect all the necessary information about the prices and quality of materials.
Try to buy materials from well-known manufacturers so it is much more reliable, but it will be cheaper to find building materials from less well-known brands.
Don't buy cheap building materials. Remember the main rule of the market - high quality costs money!
In order to save some money, most developers decide to take on part of the construction work.
A team of specialist builders is hired to carry out difficult work.
Below we will consider the conditions for a good work of a professional team:
But, unfortunately, today the majority of builders offering their services cannot be called conscientious. Therefore, when choosing a brigade, be very careful.
First of all, locations are marked on the site the foundation of the house and the place of laying all underground communications into the house - water supply, sewerage, ventilation, and so on.
After they dig trenches and install pipes of all underground utilities under the foundation of your future home.
Next, proceed directly to the construction of the foundation.
For a belt-type foundation, trenches of the required configuration and depth are dug. Special sand is poured and tamped at the bottom of the trench for making a pillow. The formwork is laid on this pillow, the reinforcement is installed there and the concrete mixture is poured into the formwork.
The concrete mixture poured into the formwork must set, harden and gain the necessary strength so that the walls can be easily put on it.
For this, the concrete mixture is kept in the formwork for at least 25 days.
While your foundation is gaining strength, you can carry out work on the installation of a water well and treatment facilities.
After the concrete has hardened, it is possible to waterproof the foundation and the entire basement, proceed to the construction of walls, installation and installation of all floors and the roof of the house. Then you can insert windows and install the front door. At this stage, the construction of the house box can be safely considered complete.
At the final stage of construction, following a clear sequence of finishing the house, all communications of the house are being laid. The walls are insulated outside and inside.
Next, you will need to obtain a passport of the house at the bureau of technical inventory and be sure to register the property in the Regalat.
This house can be built in one year . But for this you need to choose the appropriate construction technologies and the sequence of construction.
For example, make the walls of a house made of autoclaved aerated concrete with blocks laid on special glue. Walls from these blocks are being built quickly enough. And the adhesive layer is very thin, only 2 mm. Aerated concrete is an open-cell material and it loses moisture easily. The wall will dry out quickly.
Aerated concrete during the construction stages will protect your home from atmospheric moisture. Wooden floors are laid on logs. This is the most common option in our time, and the walls from the inside are finished, as a rule, with plasterboard. These technologies will allow you to perform work quickly and efficiently.
Aerated concrete walls are warm enough for you to start living in the house without waiting for their insulation from the outside.
It is better to use mineral wool as insulation for walls, then the walls will dry out faster.
To reduce humidity in the house, electric fans are installed in natural ventilation.
Today, the construction market offers other new technologies for the rapid construction of houses. For example, frame construction. But what type of construction you choose is up to you.
In practice, there are usually three approaches of people to building a house. Below we will consider all three types.
And the house is built in one to three years.
And it is worth noting that the most profitable investments are not in real estate, but in their own health and well-being, in the health and development of children.
After all, a healthy and strong family, successful and well-bred children are the best capital.
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