Acrylic paints and varnishes on the building market appeared quite recently. Previously, they were used only for painting. But thanks to scientific and technological progress, the field of use of such material has expanded, and at the moment acrylic paint for wood is widely used for decorative creativity, and for repair, as well as finishing work.
In house-building made of wood, acrylic paints have replaced oil compositions due to high performance, which make it possible to reliably protect wood structures for a long time and this ensures a beautiful appearance of buildings. Its main distinguishing feature for acrylic paint will be its water solubility - that is, before it dries, it can be easily removed with water.
when the composition dries up, it will create a high-strength layer on the surface of the material that will not be washed off with water. acrylic types of dyes have an unusual composition, due to which the painted surfaces will have a bright color that will not change over time, and a durable coating that is not prone to cracking.
After drying, the acrylic layer will continue to maintain elasticity, due to which there will be no dangerous temperature fluctuations or humidity. It is for this reason that such paints and varnishes are widely used for wood processing both inside the building and outside. Also, acrylic compositions differ in the relative speed of drying, but this indicator depends on the quality of the preparation of the base, and also on the type of wood, environmental conditions.
The final drying period is limited to 72-96 hours.
The main components of acrylic paints and varnishes are precisely acrylic acids or an emulsion, which consists of polyacrylics and polymethacrylics, pigment and water, which determines the color of the finished product. The acrylic component in the paint acts as a kind of connecting link, which makes it possible to combine color and water, and at the same time provide the same set of properties that acrylic two-component water-based paints have. Pigment is a finely dispersed powder, which, in addition to color, will give the main composition an increased degree of strength. The coloring pigments used to create the acrylic composition have a very rich range of colors.
The selection of the desired shade is carried out using special computer programs. Moreover, in the composition of acrylic-type dyes for wood there are:
Now let's talk about the scope of use.
Acrylic painting on wood is ideal, but the composition can be used for other materials as well.
At the moment, this type of paints could best prove itself as a material for finishing the facades of houses made of wood (logs or beams). They can be used to paint wall surfaces, to hem roof overhangs, platbands, as well as decorative fences for terraces. The use of acrylic-based compounds helps to reliably protect a timber building from the outside from environmental influences. In addition, many options for color solutions make it possible to bring to life the most non-standard design solutions.
Inside wood buildings, acrylic paint will be an indispensable tool.
Due to its high operational and decorative qualities, it can be used for painting almost all elements in the room - slopes, walls, platbands from the inside, railings, ceilings, stairs, wooden windows and interior doors. At the same time, this coating can be applied not just to clean wood, but also to the surface of wood-based materials (chipboard or fiberboard). The dye adheres perfectly to wooden surfaces, as well as to putty. Due to its air permeability, the coating made of water-based acrylic compounds perfectly protects the wood from putrefactive processes, which is the most important for the reliability of a wood house.
Acrylic compositions are also used for painting on wood and decoupage.
There are special professional dyes for this. In such a creative field, acrylic paint can be considered the best material. The painting made with their help will look beautiful. Moreover, such dyes make it possible to immediately and effortlessly strengthen the surface on which the pattern is applied, and also protect it from moisture and fading. Acrylic acid-based dyes are widely used in furniture (decorative).
If you plan to paint furniture with your own hands, then such a material will be the ideal choice, since it does not have a special aroma, and is not yet harmful to human health. Also, due to its excellent adhesion, the paint ideally lays on the painted surfaces and dries quickly.Acrylic paints with a glazing effect will help to emphasize the structure of the wood furniture material and at the same time give it the desired shade.
The advantages of acrylic paints for wood are as follows:
Even an amateur will be able to work with them, and you will not need to spend additional funds on the purchase of solvents.
This property will ensure the absence of stains and sagging.
For this reason, these compositions can be used in both residential and non-residential types of premises.
The disadvantages are:
- The paint freezes at negative temperatures, which in the future will make it unusable.
- Not resistant to certain types of solvents.
- Does not combine with other paints and varnishes that form a film.
- High cost.
Now about the colors.
Acrylic paints are very rich in shades and colors.
Each manufacturer has a specific set of colors. From white to black. Typically white formulations are basic and can easily become colored by adding the appropriate pigment. Acrylics can have varying degrees of gloss. As a result, the painted surface will look like matte or glossy.
Finnish company Tikkurilla occupies the leading positions in the market of materials for coloring. The compositions will perfectly protect the tree from snow, rain and sun, and also prevent rotting processes through the use of a 3-layer application system. Dufa dyes from Germany were able to prove themselves perfectly. They are made using modern technologies, as well as new equipment and are safe for human health. Also very popular on the Russian market are paints and varnishes from Slovenian, Estonian and English manufacturers.
Russian manufacturers also keep up with foreign competitors, and they have a lower cost, but at the same time demonstrate excellent product quality. These companies include Yaroslavl Paints, Aquatex, Drevoplast and Extra.
How to decide which acrylic paint for wood is the best ? The first thing to start with choosing a dye is to define the object to be painted. Depending on this, the composition will be selected - for facade or interior work. External paints and varnishes are more resistant to moisture and ultraviolet light, while internal ones are distinguished by an increased rate of abrasion.
As a rule, a facade type coating requires renewal at least once every 4 years. For this reason, buying the most expensive paints for this is very wasteful and not always justified. It is better to stop at something in between, and the choice of paint for painting wood indoors should be based on the harmlessness and environmental friendliness of the composition for human health. And if the staining will be performed in the nursery, then it is important to give preference to dyes that have an indication of their hypoallergenicity.
When it comes to facade dyes, when choosing a color, it is important to proceed from the fact that light colors reflect light and warmth much better.
Such paints and varnishes are most suitable for wooden buildings placed in a warm climate zone, where light surfaces will overheat less, which means that the paint will stay on them longer.
The northern regions are more inclined towards saturated and bright colors of facades. The choice of the manufacturer must be approached very carefully. You should not buy cheap products from no name brands, in which case you can only ruin the building made of wood and throw money away.It is better to give preference, albeit not the most popular means, but with an ideal characteristic, as well as an appropriate cost.
In any case, for a start, study all the suitable compositions for such work, properties, service life and consumption, evaluate the colors, and only then make a decision about choosing one or another manufacturer.
If you have a large volume for painting, then the best and most economical option is to buy materials in buckets of 20 liters, and if you need to paint some elements inside / outside the house made of wood, then you can choose packaging in buckets of 3-5-7 liters. For painting small surfaces or decorating pieces of furniture, spray paint from cans is suitable. You will learn about the transformation of an old chest of drawers with acrylic paint from the video.
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