The facade of the house can be considered a kind of architectural garment. It is like an outer shell that forms an impression about the general appearance of the building, as well as about its owners. There is no doubt that the style chosen for the exterior decoration of the building reflects the owner's preferred color scheme and his other taste preferences.
Already at the initial stage of project design development, you should decide on the choice for the facade of finishing materials. They should not only be visually attractive or fashionable, but rather functional.
It is better to opt for practical and rational materials that have the necessary resistance to corrosion, high moisture content, significant temperature changes, and ultraviolet radiation.
In addition, they must be non-toxic, harmless to health, and have sufficient thermal insulation properties. So how to correctly choose the best suitable design for facing the facade of the house, and choose the finishing materials suitable for it? We will discuss this below.
When choosing a suitable the stylistic solution for the facade must be based on the climatic characteristics of the region in which the building is located, and territorial specifics.
Also, it does not hurt to take into account the peculiarities of finishing of buildings located nearby.
Indeed, the design of your home will directly depend on whether it will look harmonious, or alien, against the background of the surrounding buildings.
When choosing a type of design, keep in mind that modern design allows a combination of two or more stylistic directions.
The main rules of facade design:
Knowledge of the basics The exterior design of buildings is, of course, quite important, but a practical approach to business plays an equally important role.
The correct selection of the material to be used must be made.
What finishing materials are most often used for facades?
Each of the listed types has its own characteristics, both advantages and disadvantages.
Below we will look at them in more detail.
Peculiarities of using plaster for facade design:
Finished The facade is called “wet” plaster, because in the process of working on it, “wet” technologies are used. Today, on sale, even in the domestic market, you can purchase different types of products intended for external walls.
Mineral plaster . Among others, it is considered the most budgetary, but on the other hand it has much less durability and plasticity than other types.
This frightens some, forcing them to doubt its qualities and refuse to use it. Meanwhile, experts believe that this is not such a significant minus of this material, especially against the background of the environmental cleanliness of the elements included in it, and its low cost.
The use of such plaster turns out to be quite relevant if it is necessary to finish walls made of special, breathable materials, insulated with basalt slabs or mineral wool.
It should be borne in mind that experienced builders do not recommend the use of such plaster for buildings located near motorways. The fact is that vibration transmitted to the walls from passing vehicles can cause cracks in the material.
Acrylic plaster ... This material is characterized by excellent moisture resistance and plasticity.
But the technical features of the fabrication of the material can cause the appearance of an impermeable film on the surface trimmed with it, which is an obvious obstacle to moisture evaporation and breathing of the material.
It should be noted that if we are talking about walls, for which polystyrene was used for insulation, or houses located along the highway, then for them this quality becomes rather an advantage.
Silicate plaster. This material has many advantages. It has high ductility, good air permeability, and its anti-static properties prevent the accumulation of dust particles. If we take into account the period of use of the material, then among other varieties of plaster it can be called the most expensive, both in terms of the cost of the material itself and in terms of installation work with it.
Silicone plaster. This type of exterior decoration combines all the best qualities of the previous ones. This plaster has become a hit among other varieties of this material. Noteworthy is the fact that the successful combination of the excellent qualities of the material is accompanied by a completely democratic price.
This material for exterior decoration has several varieties:
Wooden siding has been used for facades for quite a long time, and managed to establish itself from the best side.Its vinyl counterpart did not achieve such popularity, because it could not assure homeowners of its safety. It is believed that, in fact, there is no reason for this. What are the obvious advantages of the material?
The durability of certain types of wood is not too high.
However, the material made of impregnated wood acquires not only increased wear resistance, but also special resistance to adverse conditions.
In design, this method of finishing looks enough simple, but it is quite complicated in technical performance, and very expensive. All rules for proper installation must be strictly followed.
If preference is given to one of the types of this material, then it does not interfere with taking care of a grout composition suitable for color. Its use will provide the most effective and elegant appearance of the facade;
Material such as brick, from time immemorial, has been a characteristic feature of good quality.
When a special clinker brick appeared, a certain respectability was added to it. Usually, cladding with this material is carried out even at the level of erection of load-bearing walls.
Therefore, we can assume that the appearance of the building was thought out in advance by the master. But there are other cases as well. Let's say the building has already been built, but something has not worked out, and it does not look very attractive.
The situation can be corrected by the use of bricks.When is it advisable?
This is recommended in situations where a ventilated facade is planned.
In other words, an air gap and ventilation hole are required. If this is not done, then the destruction of wood is possible, because condensation will collect on the surface, inside the walls.
Thinking through what will be the appearance of your home - a creative process.
However, it should be treated responsibly and seriously, proportioning desires with possibilities, trying to find the golden mean.
All stylistic solutions can be divided into several types:
Industrialism and minimalism. Urban homes with these features are characterized by a clear drive for industrialization. At the peak of popularity among homeowners and designers are now minimalist styles that clearly gravitate towards the high-tech direction.
The main concept of buildings decorated in this style is simplicity of design, laconism and clarity of all forms.
For hi-tech, multifunctionality and convenience are more characteristic. Plastic, glass and metal are used to decorate the outer walls of the building. The unpretentiousness and rigor of the facade design style is emphasized by the ascetic color scheme - black and white prevail, and the color of steel.
Varieties of country.
This is a true trend of styles, consisting of many different trends with their characteristic features. This type includes French Provence, Russian village, alpine chalet, cowboy wild west. We can say that country is a multinational style that combines the customs of a particular country.
Natural materials such as wood and stone are often used to create it. The stone can also be taken artificial, since thanks to modern technologies it is almost impossible to distinguish it from the real one.
This style is especially suitable for country houses located near lakes, mountains or forests.
Classic. This style enjoys a consistently high popularity. What are its main features? The houses, decorated in the classic style, have a fairly proportional and clear shape.
All parts and elements of the front facade are distinguished by symmetrical geometry.
Door and window openings are designed in a traditional rectangular shape.
The use of arches is allowed. Among other types and types of decoration, the classic style stands out for its simplicity and artlessness, unpretentiousness and sophistication. And although the desire for minimalism is quite clearly emphasized in this style, such elements as elegant columns, massive railings, and other decorative details will not be superfluous.
First stage project development involves the beginning of the development of a sketch.
If you have the necessary skills, you can do this yourself, otherwise it is better to turn to the services of specialists.
The future owner of the house expresses to him his wishes, preferences, requirements for the future structure. Then they move on to designing the facade itself.
If the building has already been constructed, you will need to make all the necessary measurements. With the help of special computer programs, you can visualize the proposed directions of style in order to determine the choice of a specifically suitable one.
Based on the selected materials, their forthcoming consumption is calculated, and an estimate is prepared. This requires special professional skills, so it is not recommended to do this yourself.
The next step is to start decorating. Here it is already quite permissible to rely on your own strength, and to carry it out with your own hands. During the work, it should be remembered that the overall design of the house should be in harmony with the decoration of its small parts.
All parts and elements of the structure must correspond to each other, and are made in a single stylistic solution.
The final part of the design project will be the design event. In the process of their implementation, you can translate into reality all your wishes in terms of finishing the facade of the house. It should be noted that a similar design project can be developed not only for a newly built house, but also for an old dwelling. The main difference in the case of remodeling an old house is the need to dismantle or alter the previous facade.
This, of course, will complicate the whole process to some extent, but in no way will it affect the final result.
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