Now buildings of this type are being built almost everywhere. [contents ]
If you go deeper into the past, it becomes obvious that frame construction technology came to us from Canada (Canadian houses). Residents of the country duly appreciated such housing, warm, cozy and pre-fabricated.
The following factors contributed to the rejection of the construction of standard houses using log cabins and the beginning of the construction of prefabricated frame structures:
Applying this technology, builders manage to erect sufficiently large dwellings with many rooms and an original layout. The excellent energy-efficient qualities of these buildings, their efficiency and budget have brought this method of housing construction to the first place in the central and also northern regions of Russia.
What can we say about Europe - in it the number of houses using frame technology is approximately 70% of the total construction of low-rise buildings.
This technology is not one, there are several types of them. The most common ones are German, Canadian and Finnish.
Experts believe that the optimal "golden mean" can be considered the technology of Germany from a bar. It is its use that allows you to achieve maximum quality in the shortest possible time.
Moving such kits is much easier and cheaper than similar Canadian items.
Probably, many are already familiar with the aforementioned abbreviation. It stands for simple, and means steel thin-walled easily erected structures. In general, this technique is similar to that described previously, with the exception of one important and fundamental feature.
Instead of wood, they use steel (metal houses).
The frame is made of strong steel profiles, and lightweight metal sheets are also used as casing.
They have a zinc coating, which provides them with a unique property - resistance to corrosion. According to experts, such structures last longer than wooden ones. It is believed that their lifespan can be about a hundred years.
Housing built according to this method is very comfortable for housing. The houses are quite environmentally friendly, quite lightweight and easy to build, retain heat well . The buildings have standard and stable dimensions, all elements are manufactured in a factory way, which ensures their high quality. Their transportation is thought out and does not cause any difficulties. Disadvantages are:
But this drawback can be solved by using special steel, on which a thicker zinc layer is applied. Its consumption should be at least 350 grams per square of area.
LSTK quickly gained wide popularity and won a worthy place in the market.
In some places, they begin to crowd out timber frame houses, and today this technology is used all over the world.
Potential homeowners want to know if the title is true. How quickly can such a structure actually be erected? Depends on how much you want to save on building a house. I must say that this largely depends on the builders, or rather, even on the specific construction company.
For some, everything is always ready, a well-coordinated team of professionals is just waiting for the command to start.
Others will draw up papers, order building materials, wait for permits ...
That is why it is rather difficult to make an accurate forecast, in each case it is different. But in general, work on the construction of the task can take about six months.
Usually, all turnkey construction is completed in two to four months. At the very beginning of the use of such technologies, so to speak, at the beginning of the heyday of this method, the company that promoted it using Canadian technology built a cottage in just two weeks. As a special PR campaign - in 14 days completely, from scratch to finishing.
The indisputable advantages of buildings erected using frame technologies are the following:
No other technology makes it possible to build a cottage so quickly.
This does not apply to Canadian technology, since it is used for assembly directly on the site.
The frame itself is rigid enough to withstand various mechanical influences, including seismic ones.
In addition to obvious advantages, prefabricated frame structures have some disadvantages.
Formaldehyde can be released from building boards. It is recommended to purchase board material of zero or first class of emission of this harmful substance.
Classic buildings made of bricks, logs, beams, concrete can accumulate a sufficient amount of heat. They are able to use this to regulate the internal temperature of the home, smoothing out its daily fluctuations. During the day, the walls heat up, at night they give off their warmth. Lightweight frame structures do not have such properties, so it can be cool in winter and hot in summer. But it is much easier to warm up such a structure to the required degree than the classical one.
Successful mastering of modern technologies of production and installation of prefabricated houses has provided people with ample opportunities. Now, almost everyone can become the owner of light, pre-fabricated and inexpensive housing. The construction of such houses is being actively developed in Finland, Russia, Germany and many other countries.
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