Not everyone knows such a word as "terracotta", but only a few know its meaning. At that time the meaning of the word "terracotta" is deciphered quite simply, because in Latin "terra" means earth, and "cotta" means to burn.
And this is considered one of the ancient technologies for making ceramics, which people began to master several thousand years ago.
Proof of this is the existing works of ancient art, various cult items.
There is a lot of evidence that terracotta was used in the construction of buildings.
This technology was forgotten in the Middle Ages and again became in demand during the Renaissance.
Nowadays, various products are made by firing ceramics. One of the varieties of such products is terracotta facade panels.
In order to find out what kind of material it is, how it is made, what types it is and what types of products are made from it. Also, its features and characteristics, we suggest reading this article to the end.
The production of terracotta panels is very similar to the clinker production. Clay of a certain type is used as raw material, which is cleaned of organic particles and saturated with quartz, iron oxides, mica and kaolin.
But there is still a difference, and it lies in the special structure of terracotta products for decoration.
Terracotta façade panels are not lightweight and therefore manufacturers produce panels and fittings with special shapes. In the finished form, the terracotta panel has a void inside, due to this, the total weight is reduced, but at the same time the strength qualities are preserved.
Due to its mass and density, terracotta has sound-absorbing characteristics. Also, the use of panels is possible in various climatic zones and in wide temperature ranges.
And so the production of panels includes the preparation of raw materials. Indeed, the operational characteristics of the panels and their decorative properties will depend on the careful preparation of raw materials.
The composition of the finished solution is always the technological secret of each manufacturer.
Already finished clay composition goes to molding, where pressing and extrusion is used.
Nowadays, molding lines are equipped with laser cutting systems, which makes it possible to produce products with almost perfect dimensional accuracy.
The blanks that have been formed are fired at high temperatures (1200 degrees), due to this, a monolithic internal structure of the material is formed.
The final stage of processing, such as glazing, decorative or protective coatings, the finished products go to the consumer. You can buy or order such panels at manufacturers, the price of panels depends on the manufacturer.
Nowadays, the possibilities of forming building products from ceramics make it possible to produce products of various shapes, which will differ in size, interior and exterior decoration.
Standard panels are used for ventilated facade systems, they come with a flat outer surface of one or the other texture. They have a difference in thickness from twelve to forty millimeters.
Rustic panels are distinguished by the presence of horizontal rusts, that is, longitudinal grooves and grooves. Such slabs are very popular and give the structure good sound insulation.
Wavy panels have a different number of waves, different heights, and also with the distance between them.
There are still up to a dozen different formats that have a step between adjacent waves from one hundred fifty to two hundred and fifty millimeters. Special panels. These panels are used to give the structure a special decorative effect.
There is a large selection of these panels on the market.
The panels are similar to the standard ones, but their installation will be vertical. Also with imitation of "ship" or "carriage" boards and for facing window sills, door and window slopes.
To give the structure an unusual look, a terracotta baguette is used, which is presented in a wide range. It comes in both square section and round, and other even the most unusual shapes.
Next, we will analyze the main technical and operational characteristics of the material and what are the advantages they have.
Terracotta façade panels are hollow ceramic products with a density ranging from two thousand to two thousand two hundred kilograms per cubic meter.
As a rule, there are no standard sizes for panels, since manufacturers set their own size range or produce panels according to individual customer sizes.
But the most common panels for facade decoration are panels three hundred by six hundred in size and twenty-one to thirty millimeters thick, and also weighing from twenty-nine to forty-five kilograms per square meter.
In addition to natural colors, the color of terracotta panels can be different. In order to diversify the shade range, special mineral additives are added to the mass for the production of terracotta panels.
And also to expand the assortment, a special coating is applied to terracotta panels.
The panels have a smooth and silky surface to the touch, and the surface of the panels can be decorated with stone or limestone. Terracotta panels can be painted with polymer coatings, this is necessary to give the panels an unusual color.
To prevent damage to the surface of the panels, special anti-vandal films are applied to their surface.
Photo printing can also be applied to the surface of these panels.
The disadvantage of terracotta panels is their heavy weight, and the price of terracotta panels can be quite high. But by improving the operational qualities of buildings that are finished with terracotta panels, all the disadvantages come to naught.
The main function of terracotta panels is to clad buildings using ventilated facade technology.
The type of building does not matter - it can be a trade, industrial or residential building of almost any number of storeys.
Different panels are used for the height of the building. For cladding high-rise buildings, panels of small and medium thickness are used.
And for finishing the basement floors of houses, panels forty millimeters thick are used, since the requirements for mechanical strength are higher and there is no need to lighten the structure.
Shaped terracotta panels and baguettes are used for decorative finishing of buildings.
And to create interesting and functionally necessary, high-strength structures, shaped terracotta panels are used.
Sun-protection blinds are very widespread, which harmonize well with the decoration of the facade.
Well, we told you about the pros and cons and generally about terracotta panels, and we hope that in this text you will pick up something useful for yourself.
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