What harmful materials in construction exist for human health: how to avoid? Review + Video

What harmful materials in construction exist for human health: how to avoid? Review + Video Industry does not stand still and today, along with its excellent and useful achievements, we are faced with such a phenomenon, as harmful materials and compounds. Some of these substances have significant negative effects on human health and well-being.

Oddly enough, but some of the many harmful substances we can meet in construction.

Due to the use of low-quality materials or non-compliance with the installation rules, we are faced with the fact that our houses and apartments become simply dangerous for health and living.

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Facts and consequences of the use of non-environmentally friendly materials in the construction of a house

  • the air in some residential premises is several times more harmful, than on busy highways;
  • more than half of those killed in fires die not from burns, but from poisoning with vapors of harmful substances generated when some building materials are heated;
  • environmental friendliness of many materials on the construction market , cause great doubt (60% of them are dangerous to human health).

Consider the most common building materials that can be dangerous.

CIP-panels

What harmful materials in construction exist for human health: how to avoid? Review + Video

This technology construction is considered by many to be inexpensive and harmless. However, if we consider it in more detail, then the defining data can be questioned.

This technology for the construction of houses is not much inferior to others in price, and upon thorough examination it becomes clear that it is not so harmless.

The fact is that when building a house in sip-construction, a special design of panels (sip-panels) is used, which, in fact, are foam plates, which are pasted over with OSB wood boards on both sides.

OSB boards consist of pressed and glued wood chips. The adhesive used to form the boards releases some formaldehyde, but the amount is not so significant.

Styrofoam is the biggest concern. Since OSB boards are still a wood material, and wood has the ability to "breathe", they freely pass benzene, which is released by the foam. Therefore, the level of benzene in a house made from vip panels is likely to be high.

Despite the fact that the houses made of sip panels are very warm and strong enough, a significant disadvantage of sip structures is that they are highly flammable and burn very quickly. In addition, during combustion, expanded polystyrene releases toxins that are deadly if inhaled even in small quantities. Only three breaths are enough for death. The poisonous gas phosgene, which is released in large quantities during the combustion of the foam, causes paralysis of the respiratory tract.

Expanded polystyrene formwork

What harmful materials in construction exist for human health: how to avoid? Review + Video Expanded polystyrene blocks, used for the installation of formwork, began to be used in construction both in Russia and abroad relatively recently.

The expanded polystyrene formwork is installed very quickly, moreover, it retains heat well.

As mentioned above, this material is extremely hazardous when burning. Despite this, it has not yet been said about the prohibition of its use in residential construction.

The demand for materials from expanded polystyrene is caused by such factors that its use can significantly reduce construction time and save money. Professional builders most often know about the negative properties of certain materials, but ordinary people may not know about them.

Producers, who are primarily focused on profit, may be silent about them.

How to reduce the harmful effects of foam plastic? First of all, you should think about a competent and high-quality interior decoration of the room. Several layers of finishing material will help you block out the foam layer. Since this material emits harmful substances under the action of direct sunlight, a good-quality finish is also required outside.

Foam plinths and insulation

Foam plastic, as an inexpensive, fairly durable and easy-to-handle material, is now quite actively used in construction.

On the building materials market today you can see not only foam insulation, but also finishing materials: polystyrene foam skirting boards.

However, no matter what form this compound is given, the benzene content in the foam is still very high and it can be with you most of your life and release these harmful substances, so think about whether you need to use such plinths and heaters ?!

Frame houses with mineral wool insulation

What harmful materials in construction exist for human health: how to avoid? Review + Video

Frame construction is gaining popularity today. This type of construction has established itself as a reliable way to build strong and warm residential structures.

However, when purchasing a house built using frame technology, you need to be very careful. Often construction companies, trying to reduce the cost of construction and get the maximum profit, make the frame of the house not from a bar, as it should be according to technology, but from boards.

A frame made from a board cannot serve as long as a lumber one, therefore, the guarantee for such a house will not be as significant.

Frame structures become harmful to health when mineral wool insulation is poorly sealed, which is most often used in this type of buildings. Mineral wool itself is not dangerous, but its fibers contain dangerous microparticles, which are carried around the room even with a slight breeze.

PVC structures

What harmful materials in construction exist for human health: how to avoid? Review + Video

Material, which is called PVC, is the development of German and American scientists. This material was obtained as a result of work aimed at the disposal of chemical warfare agents accumulated in large quantities after the Second World War.

By itself, this material is not dangerous, it emits harmful compounds when exposed to direct sunlight.

Carpet

The popularity of carpet in interior decoration is determined by its ease of use and aesthetic characteristics. However, not many people know that carpet belongs to the class of highly flammable building materials, that is, on a scale from 1 to 4, it is the most flammable material with a G-4 flammability index. In addition, the carpet contributes to the rapid spread of the flame in the room along the floor.

Building mixtures

When buying building mixtures, strictly monitor their quality.

Only original mixtures from reputable manufacturers can meet all safety requirements.

It is best to purchase building mixtures, like other materials, in serious specialized building stores that value their reputation, and therefore monitor the quality of the goods.

Polyurethane foam

What harmful materials in construction exist for human health: how to avoid? Review + Video

Polyurethane foam - a very convenient material used in construction for sealing window and door openings at the time of their installation. It contains at its core the poisonous poison formaldehyde. A significant proportion of this poison is released directly at the time of work with polyurethane foam.

After hardening, the emission of harmful substances is reduced. When used in small areas, formaldehyde emissions are negligible and cannot damage, do not leave the foam open, always cover it and isolate it from sunlight.

Wallpaper

Wallpapers are presented today in a large number of varieties. You can choose not only from a huge number of colors, shades and patterns, but also execution materials.

Different materials used for the manufacture of wallpaper differ in the degree of flammability and emission of harmful substances:

  • vinyl wallpaper is highly flammable, moreover, completely unnatural;
  • glass wallpaper - non-flammable, does not contain substances harmful to humans, it is a good environmentally friendly material;
  • paper - highly flammable, their quality and harmlessness depend on the quality of the paint used, with which the image is applied to the canvas.

Paint

Enamels and oil paints contain a number of toxic substances: benzene, toluene, arsenic, cadmium and xelon. These are volatile compounds that are released into the air when working with paint.

Paint can be environmentally friendly and harmless only if it uses a water-based solvent. However, the resistance of the water-based coating leaves much to be desired.To fix the water-based paint, you can cover the painted surface with an environmentally friendly colorless varnish (today you can easily purchase such coatings).

The varnish makes the surface painted with water-based paint resistant to abrasion and moisture.

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