How and what kind of houses are built in Europe - construction features
Very often, developers and part-time compatriots think out and embellish stories about what houses in Europe are built from. Some masters claim that frame-type buildings hold the leadership, but there is also a different opinion. It is believed that Europeans are economical enough and will not waste their money "down the drain", therefore, for this reason, they live in typical stone houses. Probably, there is still some truth in this.
Why is it so important to properly insulate houses in European countries.
Considering the rise in the cost of hydrocarbon fuels, thoughts about energy efficiency appear. Although, it is not immediately clear what exactly it has to do with the construction of houses in Europe. It will not be a secret for anyone that the construction of energy-saving houses is quite popular in the West.
And only in Russia they do not want to get used to such know-how. Most people still do not understand the value of such an acquisition, and with full confidence consider it irrational.
The Russian heating season lasts from 6 to 8 months.
Local developers also believe that in order to improve the thermal insulation characteristics, it is enough to add insulation, from about 10 to 15 cm, to finish the surface of the walls and the roof of the house with it. in fact, investing in such thermal insulation at home does not justify the result obtained. It is required to make accurate measurements, to carry out calculations that help to find out exactly what the thickness of the insulation layer should be. Even in a state with less severe climatic features, it is placed on the surface of the walls at 0.
3 meters, and on the roof, everything is at all 0.4 meters.
Please note that the EU applies passive house building standards to houses that are just under construction. From 2021, such standards will apply to other European buildings.
By the way, heating in a private house (cottage) will cost Europeans a lot.
The reason for this will be the high cost of energy carriers. Everyone who wants to build houses will initially think over a plan for insulation, embodying well-known energy-saving technologies into reality. The rest of the buildings are being insulated gradually, and they are undergoing systematic renovation.
To build cottages, you need some experience. For example, in Germany, most of the houses are built of stone.
And, nevertheless, "warm ceramics" is considered the most popular material for European countries. But construction using monolithic technology, the use of aerated concrete and sand-lime bricks is in much less demand. The technology for the construction of frame structures has been worked out 100 out of 100%. But these types of structures were loved only by the inhabitants of Finland and Norway. In such countries, they are already ready to abandon the usual stone houses.
The reason for this may be the material itself and its price.Since Finland is very rich in forests, the woodworking industry allows you to build frame structures, which are cheaper than houses made of stone. In Germany they build according to old traditions, and the industry is developing well here, and therefore there is no need to abandon the use of bricks.
Most of the Russian craftsmen who traveled to Europe to earn money for construction work, shared their concepts for the construction of buildings in countries abroad. It turned out that even in Germany they take a completely different approach to building a house.
If in Russia it is believed that laying from 5 to 9 cubic meters of blocks, using from 8 to 16 square meters of bricks for cladding, is correct, it turned out that German builders use completely different standards. For them, such norms are considered correct - from 6 to 8 square meters of front masonry and from 2 to 3 cubic meters of blocks. Construction types of organizations are constantly subject to checks by government agencies. He will receive a complaint against the developer, then his license will be revoked. The law will support the owner of the house being built.
the situation is like "the masters deceived me", that is, they built poorly, but they took the money, they will not get away with it.
You have already roughly understood what houses are being built in Europe, but it is worth considering the foundation separately. In most cases, slabs are poured because they serve as a floor. Basements are extremely rare.
Preparation for the installation of the floor is made according to the following technologies:
- The sand pillow is perfectly compacted.
- The prepared mixture should be reinforced in two layers.
- Concrete is poured.
The process of a technological type is carried out under the supervision of a master accurately according to the developed architectural design Be sure to make "squares" of concrete for testing to check the quality of the brand. By the way, all workers in Germany are responsible for their work, which is why only certified specialists can carry out the work of bricklayers. You can build on your own, but in this case, the responsibility will lie with the builder.
Before starting construction, you should think about how to improve the territory, the availability of communications, and also access ways. As is often the case in the Russian Federation, when the site after a visit by construction equipment looks more like a tanker. In Germany, 70 to 80% of buildings are made of ground ceramics. In this case, the laying will be made on an adhesive composition. Houses are built from aerated concrete much less often.
The outbuildings of the economic type, and also the walls are made of silicate bricks, which are connected together by means of an adhesive composition. Also, only the first row of blocks should be laid on the mortar, and finishing on the outside is carried out with clinker bricks.
For houses of the old housing stock, a wet facade is made, which is then insulated with foam. Even in European countries, they use PU foam glue, which is required for planting blocks. For example, the wall of a frame house in Germany consists of powerful wooden racks with a cross section of 20 * 5 cm.
An insulating layer with a thickness of 0.2 meters is laid between them. Outside, the racks are sheathed with sheets of drywall, inside they carry out the finishing. Under the future layer of plaster from the outer part of the buildings, an additional up to 0. 15 meters of foam is applied.
Thus, the total thickness of the thermal insulation is 0.35 meters.
In construction they also actively use:
Even at the construction site, knots are used that are made in advance at the factory. This will guarantee the perfect build quality.
The self-building according to Western technologies is not a wild stucco from all available materials, because European construction must meet some standards. All houses located in the neighborhood are built at the same height. If someone started construction earlier, then everyone will need to look up to him, choosing the exact same size for the slope of the finish, roof and other things.
There are a lot of such features in the construction of buildings, and therefore, when you look at houses of the European type, the thought often arises that they are very similar to each other. Europeans prefer small houses so that they are easy to clean and not expensive to heat. Structurally, the cottages have traditional forms.
It's clear what to build a house in Europe from, but you can do it yourself in Belgium. Only in this case it will be necessary to collect several documents - to issue insurance, permission to connect communications, and also obtain a license.
People give preference to appeals to firms so that they do not need to understand the specifics. Belgian builders and architects will guarantee the quality of their work. Within 10 years, all repair work will be carried out at their expense.
It should be noted that planting something on your site or making extensions is not as easy as in Russia. This requires contacting the local administrative authorities.
When distributing land, you should first draw up an urbanization plan for the site, which reflects communications. You can watch it before buying a land plot and if something does not suit you, then choose another plot.
For example, to cut down a tree, you should contact the local authorities for permits. A similar story with planting a vegetable garden. You can only grow flowers, but not outside the plots.
If there is a need to place satellite dishes, then it is better to abandon this idea.It simply may not fit into the whole category, differing from the colors of the roof or front building part. Time is valued in Europe, and therefore no one builds houses for years. Long-term construction is an expensive pleasure in every sense. For this reason, most of the ready-made complexes are brought to the construction site from the factory, where you can order everything at once.
Next, construction equipment will start working, and hired workers will most likely be refused. It will be much faster to dig a pit with an excavator, and almost all stages of construction are mechanized.
There is another feature of building a house in the West, it is considered as a complex, and therefore a separate team is engaged in each stage, which is licensed to carry out work. Western European houses are being built according to a project that cannot be deviated from. The amount that the customer needs to spend is negotiated separately and in advance, and is also prescribed in the contract, and therefore, until the delivery of the object, it will remain unchanged.
( 5 marks, average 1.4 from 5 )
Posted By: Work Style |09, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |03, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |09, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |05, Nov 2020