Most gardeners and gardeners have long ceased to concentrate only on growing vegetables and agricultural crops, and decided to go further, switching to flowers.
A beautiful flowerbed, which is grown by one's own hands, is, first of all, the fulfillment of a number of rules and principles, painstaking work, the reward of which is a beautiful flower garden.
But in order to create this flower perfection, a natural question arises - how to choose the right flower bed shape so that it looks harmonious and what types of flowers should be planted?
There are two varieties of flowers. The first group includes those called annuals - in the spring you plant seeds and they grow and bloom for just one season. The second group includes flowers that are called perennials, that is, perennials that require more care, attention, but at the same time they will delight gardeners for more than one year in a row.
Perennials have a number of advantages that have been appreciated by amateur flower growers:
The process itself the design and creation of a flower bed is compared to art, since even when designing, one should take into account the fact that the flower garden will look different at different times of the year. If you have created the project correctly, you will get a flower bed of continuous flowering, where one fading plants will immediately be replaced by others, and all this during the summer.
You should start planning a flower garden when you have already completed the zoning of the territory and already know where and in what place you will have paths, beds, shrubs and trees.
When you start creating your beautiful perennial flower bed, you should pay attention to:
If you have stony, sandy or loamy soil, sage, flax, and valerian are excellent options. The soil in the swamps is good for growing asters, yarrow and cornflower. Dry land is not a problem, since it is in such conditions that phlox, kosmeya, Gaillardia and carnations will grow ideally.
If the light in your chosen place is limited from 4 to 6 hours, then it is better to choose irises, astilba, primrose, aquilia. Shady flower beds are ideal for lily of the valley, host and fern.
It has long been established by psychologists that even a color can radically change a person's mood in all spheres of life.
For this reason, when creating a flower garden from perennials, beginners should pay special attention to this. If you can correctly create color combinations, your flower bed will be more aesthetic. When distributing colors, it will be important to familiarize yourself with the standard principles for choosing a palette and mixing shades:
Also, try not to overdo it with contrasts when designing.
It is noted that urban dwellers love moderate shades, while rural dwellers prefer bright colors that are almost impossible to find in nature.
Flower beds can be of various geometric shapes, while they are divided into two large groups - with regular and irregular compositions.
According to ready-made schemes, you can correctly create a flower bed that will please the eye. With the scheme, you will select flowers that will best suit your flower garden. At the same time, whatever shape of the flowerbed you choose, there is a certain pattern of planting flowers. In the center there should be tall and bright species, the middle part should be medium-sized plants, and at the edges there should be low-growing long flowers or ornamental grass.
This is a well-shaped flower bed. Inside the flower bed, you can draw a drawing by combining different plants.
In addition to these basic forms, which are easy to perform even for a beginner, there are some more:
A feature of the flower bed is the large number of plants that love shade.You will need: 1 - Astilba Arends, 2 - primrose, 3 - bell, 4 - periwinkle, 5 - toothed buzulnik, 6 - bergamo, 7 - purple foxglove, 8 - large-leaved brunner.
In the past few years, high flower beds have become very common, which are made on boxes just below a meter. Such a flower bed does not require any special care, it will have less weeds, but it is much more difficult to create and plant it than simple flower beds.
Sometimes you need to create a perennial flower bed with your own hands in conditions where there is little light, for example, along a wall or in the shadow of a fence.
In this case, choose plants that are comfortable in the shade. You can create the following flower beds according to the following schemes:
The most optimal options for planting are:
The plant is widespread in the middle lane, the flowering period is June-July, so if you cut it at a short distance from the ground, it can give color again.
Popular perennial, flowering period April-May.
The flowering period is from June to August.
Selecting plants per flower bed by flowering time will help create an irregular flower garden that will delight the eye from May to September.
Crops that are considered labor intensive to grow require regular care and special growing conditions. In addition, such plants are much more likely to get sick and hardly tolerate temperature changes. This includes roses, dahlias, lilies, begonia, chrysanthemums, gladioli, hyacinths, evening primrose.
If you want a beautiful starter perennial flower bed, you should try growing a Mixed Rose Garden.
The term itself refers to a flower bed where exclusively roses are grown. But in central Russia, where the summer is not as long as we would like, they create mixed rose gardens, where there will be many plants of different species in the flower garden. There are several interesting perennial flower bed patterns.
In the diagram: 1 - gerkhera, 2 - rose William Shakespeare, 3 - purse, 4 - lavender, 5 - clematis, 6 - Queen of Sweden rose, 7 - Mary Rose, 8 - Gertrude Jekyll rose.
For those who are on The estate does not want to invest a lot of effort in creating a flower bed, but at the same time wants to have flowers on the site, there is a flower bed for the lazy.
In such a flower garden, plants are planted that practically do not need care, and they are not demanding in terms of feeding or watering. In this case, the flowering of such species can be from early spring to late autumn.
Usually online stores that sell flowers, ready to offer beginners in gardening ready-made options, where there will be a diagram and the necessary sprouts.
An interesting option would be an oval flower garden, in which you can plant bright peonies in the center, after astilba, sedum on the right, geranium on the left, and make the edging of badan or host. On the flowerbed, you can also plant phlox or aster, which will only make the overall background brighter.
Important: the cost of such a project without flowers is 650-750 rubles, while peonies, which are better to buy in the form of seedlings, will cost you the most.
A feature of this scheme is the continuous flowering of all plants. The flower bed will not be very bright, but it will constantly bloom to the delight of everyone. In addition, daffodils, peonies, irises, clematis, daisy, lupine, daylily are suitable for a lazy flower bed. In this case, you will not need to plant as many flowers as possible, as this also implies more care for them.
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