What is a perennial flower bed for beginners: schemes- Review + Video

What is a perennial flower bed for beginners: schemes- Review + Video Most gardeners and gardeners have long ceased to concentrate only on growing vegetables and agricultural crops, and decided to go further, switching to flowers.

A beautiful flowerbed, which is grown by one's own hands, is, first of all, the fulfillment of a number of rules and principles, painstaking work, the reward of which is a beautiful flower garden.

But in order to create this flower perfection, a natural question arises - how to choose the right flower bed shape so that it looks harmonious and what types of flowers should be planted?

Flowers - perennials - the best basis for creating a flower bed

There are two varieties of flowers. The first group includes those called annuals - in the spring you plant seeds and they grow and bloom for just one season. The second group includes flowers that are called perennials, that is, perennials that require more care, attention, but at the same time they will delight gardeners for more than one year in a row.

Perennials have a number of advantages that have been appreciated by amateur flower growers:

  • What is a perennial flower bed for beginners: schemes- Review + Video The variety of species is huge, and this is very important when creating a large flower bed.
  • The lifespan of the plant. At the end of the season, only the upper part dies off, but the roots can live for more than 6 years (not in all plants).
  • Convenience of transplanting and propagating flowers, since you can use the rhizome, seeds and shoots, which will be convenient when creating new flower beds.
  • A huge number of plants, which are also medicinal, which will delight people who would like to have their own "green pharmacy".

A flower bed of perennials for beginners: schemes and photos

Rules for creating a flower bed of perennials

The process itself the design and creation of a flower bed is compared to art, since even when designing, one should take into account the fact that the flower garden will look different at different times of the year. If you have created the project correctly, you will get a flower bed of continuous flowering, where one fading plants will immediately be replaced by others, and all this during the summer.

You should start planning a flower garden when you have already completed the zoning of the territory and already know where and in what place you will have paths, beds, shrubs and trees.

Pay attention

When you start creating your beautiful perennial flower bed, you should pay attention to:

  1. What is a perennial flower bed for beginners: schemes- Review + Video Climate. When choosing plants, give preference to those that will be comfortable in your climate zone.

  2. Individual features of the site. If you use the reliefs of the area where you live, you can not only correctly allocate free space, but also create original design options.
  3. Soil type. An important parameter that will largely decide what will happen to your flower bed. If you have fertile black soil, lupines, bells, mallow are ideal choices.

    If you have stony, sandy or loamy soil, sage, flax, and valerian are excellent options. The soil in the swamps is good for growing asters, yarrow and cornflower. Dry land is not a problem, since it is in such conditions that phlox, kosmeya, Gaillardia and carnations will grow ideally.

  4. Sunshine. Plant peonies, phlox, asters, poppies in places where the sun shines for more than 6 hours a day.

    If the light in your chosen place is limited from 4 to 6 hours, then it is better to choose irises, astilba, primrose, aquilia. Shady flower beds are ideal for lily of the valley, host and fern.

  5. Flowering period and planting density. It will not be superfluous to plant plants a little less often than you usually do, since with a large number of germinated seeds, plants can simply begin to "kill" each other.

Combination of colors

It has long been established by psychologists that even a color can radically change a person's mood in all spheres of life.

For this reason, when creating a flower garden from perennials, beginners should pay special attention to this. If you can correctly create color combinations, your flower bed will be more aesthetic. When distributing colors, it will be important to familiarize yourself with the standard principles for choosing a palette and mixing shades:

  1. What is a perennial flower bed for beginners: schemes- Review + Video Many the color combination depends on the play of shadows and light, so smooth leaves of plants will reflect light, and matte leaves, on the contrary, will absorb.
  2. For consistency of color brightness, use one color palette - warm or cold.
  3. To visually enlarge small flower beds, minimize the number of flowers and get rid of excessive contrast.

  4. To visually enlarge the flower bed, place blue flowers in the back, and plant red or yellow species in front.
  5. If the foreground of the flower bed is saturated, then the background should be calm.
  6. What is a perennial flower bed for beginners: schemes- Review + Video If you want to create an original and beautiful flower bed from a long-term garden (or even a flower garden), plant on the background not very saturated shades such as pink, white or blue. You should arrange contrasting flowers in small groups, which will occupy no more than 1/6 of the entire space.
  7. According to the floristic rules, more than one flower bed with very bright flowers should not be located on the territory of the garden.

    Also, try not to overdo it with contrasts when designing.

  8. If your main plant is very rich in color, it should be diluted with softer shades.
  9. When planting, measure the area of ​​different flowers. For example, against the background of blue flowers, a small red spot of flowers will be quite appropriate, and if it is larger, it will only cause irritation.
  10. The main color of the flower arrangement should be chosen according to the purpose of the flower bed and its location, more precisely, the climatic zone.

    It is noted that urban dwellers love moderate shades, while rural dwellers prefer bright colors that are almost impossible to find in nature.

Perennial flower bed schemes for beginners

Flower beds can be of various geometric shapes, while they are divided into two large groups - with regular and irregular compositions.

  • What is a perennial flower bed for beginners: schemes- Review + Video Regular composition accommodates the presence of a pattern (geometric) in its concept, while plants bloom at the same time and there is a clear border between them.
  • Irregular composition differs in the form of grouping of plants. It so happens that flower beds with irregular compositions are more optimal, since perennials will bloom in turn, which will increase the total flowering time.

According to ready-made schemes, you can correctly create a flower bed that will please the eye. With the scheme, you will select flowers that will best suit your flower garden. At the same time, whatever shape of the flowerbed you choose, there is a certain pattern of planting flowers. In the center there should be tall and bright species, the middle part should be medium-sized plants, and at the edges there should be low-growing long flowers or ornamental grass.

  1. Rectangle.

    This is a well-shaped flower bed. Inside the flower bed, you can draw a drawing by combining different plants.

  2. Oval . Alternatively, you can create an oval flower bed. According to this scheme, you can make clear zoning.

  3. Circle . This is another simple shape that will be perfect for a flower garden. Typically, these flower beds are used in gardens, as it makes it easier to access other plants.
  4. Triangle . Not quite the usual form of a flower bed, which, if desired, can be "fit" into a limited space.

In addition to these basic forms, which are easy to perform even for a beginner, there are some more:

  • "Spring Symphony" (round). According to the scheme, you need to plant: 1 - pink matiolla, 2 - red zinnia, 3 - white verbena. There are only three shades here - white, pink, red, which looks very harmonious when properly planted.
  • A "concentric" flower bed, which is made of concentric circles (which are quite easy to draw on your own). The following flowers are used here: 1 - dark-leaved calla lilies, 2 - fluffy gnafalium, 3 - perilla nankinensis.

  • Contrasting flower bed ("white. Pink"). This is a square flower bed in which the predominant shades will be white and red. The following perennials will be used for flower beds: 1 - gypsophila, 2 - physostegy, 3 - obrietta, 4 - phlox, 5 - physostegy, 6 - clematis, 7 - arabis, 8 - daylily, 9 - armeria, 10 - lupine, 11 - irises , 12 - nivyanik.
  • A flower bed in the shade "Colorful summer".

    A feature of the flower bed is the large number of plants that love shade.You will need: 1 - Astilba Arends, 2 - primrose, 3 - bell, 4 - periwinkle, 5 - toothed buzulnik, 6 - bergamo, 7 - purple foxglove, 8 - large-leaved brunner.

In the past few years, high flower beds have become very common, which are made on boxes just below a meter. Such a flower bed does not require any special care, it will have less weeds, but it is much more difficult to create and plant it than simple flower beds.

Sometimes you need to create a perennial flower bed with your own hands in conditions where there is little light, for example, along a wall or in the shadow of a fence.

In this case, choose plants that are comfortable in the shade. You can create the following flower beds according to the following schemes:

  1. What is a perennial flower bed for beginners: schemes- Review + Video A shadow flower bed (under the fence). In it you will plant: 1 - mock orange, 2 - berry, 3 - cuff (soft), 4 - thimble, 5 - lupine, 6 - variegated daylily.
  2. Flower garden (along the northern part of the house). You will need to plant on such a flower bed: 1-3 - host of several varieties, 4-5 - thuja, 6 - astilba, 7 - toothed buzulnik, 8 - hosta, 9 - black spruce, 10 - badan, 11 - astilba, 12 - ordinary citrine.

Types of perennials for a small garden

The most optimal options for planting are:

  1. Geranium Endress. The plant is unpretentious, lives well without moisture, blooms from June to August.
  2. Aconite. Plant-wrestler, flowers July-August.
  3. Delphinium.

    The plant is widespread in the middle lane, the flowering period is June-July, so if you cut it at a short distance from the ground, it can give color again.

  4. What is a perennial flower bed for beginners: schemes- Review + Video Gravilath. A flower that is one of the first to wake up and bloom (in May). May begin to bloom again in September.
  5. Dicenter.

    Popular perennial, flowering period April-May.

  6. Bell. Shadow flower, blooming in June.
  7. Doronicum plantain. A plant ideal for moist and shady locations.

  8. Meconopsis. Plant with minimal requirements, it is only important to remove wilted buds. The flowering period is May-June.
  9. Sage. Very popular plant that will bloom again when pruned.

    The flowering period is from June to August.

  10. The hellebore. A flower that thrives best in the shade on fertile soil.
  11. Function. A deciduous ornamental plant that is used in a flower bed to create green mass.

  12. Musk mallow. A perennial that is not picky about conditions and feels great even in the shade. Blooms from June to September.
  13. Sedum. A plant from the succulent family, flowers from July to September.

Selecting plants per flower bed by flowering time will help create an irregular flower garden that will delight the eye from May to September.

Perennials difficult to grow in a flower bed

Crops that are considered labor intensive to grow require regular care and special growing conditions. In addition, such plants are much more likely to get sick and hardly tolerate temperature changes. This includes roses, dahlias, lilies, begonia, chrysanthemums, gladioli, hyacinths, evening primrose.

Mixed Rose Garden - Perfect Combination

If you want a beautiful starter perennial flower bed, you should try growing a Mixed Rose Garden.

The term itself refers to a flower bed where exclusively roses are grown. But in central Russia, where the summer is not as long as we would like, they create mixed rose gardens, where there will be many plants of different species in the flower garden. There are several interesting perennial flower bed patterns.

  1. In cold colors. The flower bed is made in pink and lilac tones (necessarily cold shades), which creates the impression of coolness and freshness.

    In the diagram: 1 - gerkhera, 2 - rose William Shakespeare, 3 - purse, 4 - lavender, 5 - clematis, 6 - Queen of Sweden rose, 7 - Mary Rose, 8 - Gertrude Jekyll rose.

  2. Contrast. This is a flower bed that is built in white and red with shrubs that will bloom all year round. The following plants are used: 1 - verbascum, 2 - hosta, 3 - Gartnefreud rose, 4 - panicle hydrangea, 5 - Aspirin Rose, 6 - Amadeus rose, 7 - Hansaland rose, 8 - horizontal juniper, 9 - dwarf spruce, 10 - rose Snevitch.

A flower bed for the lazy

What is a perennial flower bed for beginners: schemes- Review + Video For those who are on The estate does not want to invest a lot of effort in creating a flower bed, but at the same time wants to have flowers on the site, there is a flower bed for the lazy.

In such a flower garden, plants are planted that practically do not need care, and they are not demanding in terms of feeding or watering. In this case, the flowering of such species can be from early spring to late autumn.

Usually online stores that sell flowers, ready to offer beginners in gardening ready-made options, where there will be a diagram and the necessary sprouts.

An interesting option would be an oval flower garden, in which you can plant bright peonies in the center, after astilba, sedum on the right, geranium on the left, and make the edging of badan or host. On the flowerbed, you can also plant phlox or aster, which will only make the overall background brighter.

Important: the cost of such a project without flowers is 650-750 rubles, while peonies, which are better to buy in the form of seedlings, will cost you the most.

A feature of this scheme is the continuous flowering of all plants. The flower bed will not be very bright, but it will constantly bloom to the delight of everyone. In addition, daffodils, peonies, irises, clematis, daisy, lupine, daylily are suitable for a lazy flower bed. In this case, you will not need to plant as many flowers as possible, as this also implies more care for them.

( 4 marks, average 4.5 out of 5 )