Many people want to buy housing outside the city. But, when building a country house, a problem arises. How and with what to heat a country house? Usually, there is no possibility of connecting to central heating on the land. Therefore, you need to think about which type of autonomous heating is better to use.
Several years ago, every owner of a country house tried to gasify his home.
The situation has now changed slightly. There are also other ways to heat the house. And the prices for space heating have increased several times.
Therefore, many owners of private houses began to think about alternative methods of heating the premises. Below we describe the options for heating country houses.
When building a house away from the gas line, you can install a wood heating system. With this option, it turns out to be more profitable to heat a country house. How does a wood stove work?
The principle of operation of this design is as follows: you buy a stove, put firewood in it and melt them. When wood is burned, the stove equipment heats up. It gives off its warmth, and the air in the house warms up.
With its simplicity of design, this heating method has a number of advantages:
Currently, modern heating stoves are not like the well-known old stoves.
The design and mechanism of the oven are designed so that the installation would give off a lot of heat and work for a long time from one wood load.
A boiler can be built into this system. When buying a boiler, it is better to choose the construction pyrolysis type .
With such a boiler, heat will be generated due to the combustion of pyrolysis gases. This type of boiler equipment functions without the availability of electricity.
Below we will understand how a solid fuel boiler works. At elevated temperatures and in the complete absence of oxygen, the fuel decomposes into gas and solid waste. In this case, it is possible to get the maximum heat output from fuel combustion.
Now let's write about the minuses of this type of heating:
As we wrote above, you can heat a country house without gas using stove equipment. But, since the purchase of firewood in some regions is difficult, you can consider the option of heating a country house with solid fuel.
These furnaces have boilers with special sensors for adjusting the heating temperature.
The use of coal during combustion reduces the amount of harmful volatiles.
Coal boilers consist of:
The heat exchanger is made from cast iron or steel. Therefore, the markets are mainly represented by boilers made of steel and cast iron. It is worth noting that steel boilers have a low cost compared to cast iron boilers.
The reliability of boilers made from these materials is very high, and if you wish, you can hardly damage the furnace structure
To the pluses coal stoves can be attributed to their durability and increased heat transfer. Such a heating system does not require electrical energy.
As for coal, it is better to purchase it in advance and build a room for its proper storage.
If the country house is located in close proximity to the power grid, then you can heat the country house with electricity. It is worth noting that the heating of the country house will not be by an electrician, but by heated water.
How to arrange an electrical heating system
The first thing to do is buy a boiler to heat water.
In shops there are electric boilers designed for different powers, with one or more circuits. System with one circuit heats only the house. System with double circuit heats water for bathroom and kitchen. Usually, two boilers are installed.
And in the summer, one of them is simply turned off. The second one heats water for personal needs.
For private houses, as a rule, wall-mounted or floor-standing electric boilers are purchased.
Floor standing boilers are larger and heavier. Therefore, they must be installed on a horizontal surface.
The water entering the boiler heats up and expands. Due to this, the water pressure increases, and the liquid moves independently through the pipes to the radiators. The batteries heat up and heat the entire house. When the water cools down, it returns to the boiler for heating. The whole system has a closed loop.
Sometimes a boiler with a forced water circulation system is installed. But this will require an additional pump and tank.
If the house has electricity but no hot water system is installed, other heating options can be used.Currently, different types of electric heaters can be purchased in hardware stores. Usually buy oil radiators.
Their power consumption is minimal, moreover, they are safe to work .
You can also heat a suburban wooden house using infrared heaters . But they only heat up certain areas of the room. This type of heating saves electrical energy. It is mainly used in summer cottages.
Infrared radiation is not a health hazard. In addition, infrared rays help with colds.
You can also heat a country house with a heater, but it's requires certain precautions to be taken, such as:
When heating a building with wood, the following rules must be followed:
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