Frame construction is becoming more and more popular in our country. Today it is no longer a secret that in terms of their basic properties frame buildings are in no way inferior to their log counterparts and meet all the requirements for a modern dwelling:
Cladding of a frame house can be made of various materials.
When deciding how to sheathe a frame house, it should be borne in mind that the main functions of sheathing are:
Competently selected and correctly mounted, the cladding will give the house a finished look, hide cosmetic defects of the walls (if any), and protect against aggressive environmental influences.
There are a lot of cladding options; a variety of shapes and materials are presented on the construction market. The choice, as a rule, is limited only by the preferences of the developer and his financial capabilities. In this article, we will consider all the main pros and cons of the main types of cladding used in the design of the facades of a frame house.
The simplest, most convenient, easily accessible and budgetary the material for the exterior cladding of houses is lining. Initially, clapboard was the name given to wooden planks, which were used to sheathe transport railroad cars.
Hence the name of this building material - "lining". Today, this is the name given to wood that has been processed in a certain way, selected for quality.
Wooden lining (sheathing board) is a comfortable and durable material. Sheathing a house with clapboard is extremely simple to perform and available with your own hands.
The optimum moisture content of the material used is 10-15%. When using more moisture in the planking, you run the risk of getting cracks in the planking over time, which will inevitably appear after the wood has dried.
In accordance with the technology, the outside clapboarding of the house is made from bottom to top.
You can fix the lining directly to the wall of the house; for fixing it is most convenient to use nails of a suitable size. In this case, the board is located with the ridge up, the groove of each subsequent board is put on the ridge of the previous one.
Wooden wedges can be used to fix the boards at the moment of hammering, which will help to press the upper board against the lower one. After fixing the board with nails, the wedges are removed. Thus, they act up to the roof.
Despite the fact that the wooden sheathing is a little out of date, many prefer it, since in comparison with others external wooden lining is the most environmentally friendly and vapor-permeable material. In addition, the installation of wooden lining itself does not cause any particular difficulties.
One of the disadvantages of wood sheathing is its fragility. In order for the lining to retain its aesthetically pleasing appearance and to protect it from destruction, it is required to impregnate or paint the wood. Wood paneling needs regular maintenance.
Also, the modern construction industry offers for finishing material such as moisture-resistant external wood-polymer lining. It is more practical, since it is not subject to decay and does not require as much private maintenance as a wooden one.
The outer cladding of the house can be made from another wooden material - imitation of timber. This is a good alternative to clapboard if you consider the latter a somewhat primitive and outdated finishing material.
Imitation of a bar is a finishing board. In the production of raised beams, larch, spruce or pine wood is most often used. Such a board laid out horizontally imitates the laying of a bar, which looks quite aesthetically pleasing and neat.
False timber can be used both for facade decoration and for interior work.
Block house is another option for a natural finishing board. It is made most often from coniferous wood. This is a board with one (front) semicircular plane.
Lined horizontally on the facade of the house, the block house imitates log masonry.
Thanks to such a rounded board, the exterior is created in the Russian style, and the frame house takes the form of a traditional log house. This is not just a protection of the building structure, but also a real decoration of the facade of a frame house.
Specially processed (hardened ) the block house is quite durable, as it is not afraid of even sudden changes in temperature.
Siding is one of the modern materials for external cladding of a frame house, which is now becoming more and more popular. It is a separate panel that is attached to each other with latches.
Siding is used in the design of the facades of not only private houses, but also office buildings, and entertainment centers, etc.
Although the main function of siding is to decorate and protect the facade of the house, it also serves as an additional element of strengthening the frame structure.
The siding attachment is built on the principle of the same sheathing board. Each panel has a snap lock and a perforated nail edge.
Siding can be different in size: length 2-6 m, width 10-30 cm, thickness up to 1 cm.
The profile of the panels can be made with a single ("herringbone") and double fracture ("ship board"). This characteristic is purely aesthetic, it does not affect the basic functions of the material.
Various materials are used for the manufacture of siding: ceramics, steel, wood, aluminum, etc. The appearance of the siding is quite neat. If we add to this such indicators as strength and durability (the coating does not change its original appearance for up to 10 years), then the popularity that this material enjoys in modern construction becomes clear.
Regardless of what material was used in the manufacture, outside on the panel
a polymer coating or paint is applied to protect them from corrosion.
Siding is extremely simple to care for: it is easy to clean and does not require the application of any protective compounds (paints, impregnations, etc.). It is also absolutely safe and environmentally friendly.
Fastening the siding to the crate (made of wood or metal), during the facing work, you can also insulate the building.
Also in the cladding of buildings, frame houses, materials such as:
Facade thermal panels. Fastened to the crate. Facade panels based on polyurethane, when used for finishing buildings, can solve two problems at once: facade cladding and house insulation. By design, thermal panels are produced with tiles "like a stone" or "brick".
The outer layer is made of ceramic, which is highly impact-resistant. Not subject to destruction by fungus, mold, etc. Looks modern.
Facade bricks. This finish has heat-saving properties and also reduces fire hazard.
Each of the above methods is used today in construction quite actively. Sheathing the outside of the house is a matter that is decided individually. It all depends on your goals and objectives that you set for yourself, and this is also a matter of taste.
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
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