What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint

What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint Wall decoration is a rather complicated and time-consuming process.

As is customary, the walls are first finished with sheets of chipboard, plywood or drywall.

The disadvantage of this method is that we reduce the internal area of ​​the rooms.

Then putty, wallpaper, oil paint or wall panels are applied to the resulting structure.

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General information about the material - textured paint for walls

Recently textured paint for walls is gaining popularity, which allows you to level irregularities surfaces up to 2-3 mm.

What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint

Paint can be applied to any surface, and when using special additives, it can be applied as for interior decoration , and for exterior painting of building facades.

The relief and pattern is formed through the use of fillers.

Types of textured paint for walls

Textured paint is a thick dispersion mass, the basis of which is a polymer.

The relief is formed by special fillers. Manufacturers offer ready-made water-based paint, usually white.

Various shades and colors are obtained by adding colors (special pigments). Substances based on mineral binders are sold in powder form. They are simply diluted with water according to the instructions, the main field of use is facade decoration.

The use of polymer binders allows the surface to withstand mechanical and climatic external influences.

Classification of paint by type of surface

By type of surface textured paint for walls is subdivided :

  1. Relief .

    These are paints with the help of which numerous and varied structures are obtained, which are formed thanks to a variety of fillers. Most manufacturers use natural quartz chips as a filler. Apply the paint with a flat trowel.

  2. Marseille wax . These paints imitate the structure of natural materials (cork, stone).

    To protect against moisture and to give the color depth, the paint layer is covered with wax. Widely used in restaurants, swimming pools and offices.

  3. Attackama . The paint has a velvety surface with excellent reflective effects. The effects appear as a result of the use of metal filings, the relief forms quartz sand, and the base is acrylic.

  4. Mizuri . The basis of paints is acrylic, and modified starch is used as a binder, all this is diluted with water. With the help of these paints, both a smooth surface and embossed textures are created.
  5. Pearlescent Blend . Differs in its unique pearl luster.

    The pearlescent pigment is finely ground and added to the acrylic base with the addition of water. The wet silk effect is obtained by applying the finished mixture with a roller, in different directions.

What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint

What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint

What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint

What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint

What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint

As we understand it , a competent choice will allow you to create an original and unforgettable design of your home with your own hands.

By the size and type of filler

To create relief and density, use the following fillers :

  • What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint Sawdust.
  • Quartz sand.

  • Marble chips.
  • Granite chips.
  • Metal shavings.
  • Crushed gas silicate.
  • Natural fibers.

  • Synthetic fibers.
  • Starch.
  • Thickeners.
  • Pigments.

Particle shape

  1. Drop-shaped.

  2. Scaly.

By the size of filler particles

  • Fine-grained - particles have sizes up to 0.5 mm.
  • Medium-grained - particles have sizes from 0.5 mm.

    up to 1 mm.

  • Coarse-grained - particles have sizes from 1 mm. up to 2 mm.

The main advantages of using textured paint for walls

Due to the balanced multicomponent composition, we have a number of advantages :

  1. The paint contains only environmentally friendly components. The composition is completely hypoallergenic.

  2. High resistance to moisture. The ability to use in the bathroom, sauna, swimming pools, kitchen.
  3. Convenient to wash and clean painted walls.
  4. The paint does not absorb odors and is not afraid of mold.
  5. The coating is resistant to mechanical stress, ultraviolet radiation and frost.

  6. Suitable for use on almost any surface:
    • Masonry.
    • Brickwork.
    • Concrete surface.
    • Plaster.
    • Wood.

  1. It is enough to apply one layer, does not require fixers and additional operations.
  2. No special skills required. Can be used for interior and exterior wall decoration.
  3. Paints of this type have high elasticity, which allows them to be used in new buildings, and when the building shrinks, the surface does not deform.
  4. Large selection of color palette, and also has good decorative properties.

What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint

Disadvantages

The disadvantages include 2 factors :

  1. The first factor is that if you decide to make repairs, you will have to completely remove the textured paint from the wall, and this is a laborious process.
  2. The second factor is high consumption. For a high-quality drawing, consumption per 1 sq. m. is from 650 gr.

    up to 1500 gr.

It should be noted that paint consumption depends on the pattern on your wall surface.

It is also possible to use special varnishes to increase the effects.

That is, the tint and color of the pattern will look different depending on the lighting conditions.

How to properly paint the walls with textured paint?

Surface preparation

We start with the preparation of the wall surface, as already mentioned above , chips, cracks and irregularities up to 2-3 mm are allowed.

The most important thing is to align the walls in a plane, usually a construction laser level is used for this. Moreover, the very texture and relief of the future paint will visually hide most of the defects.

Prepare the prepared surface with primer . You should wait for the primer to dry completely, which is about 4-6 hours to a day. The drying rate of the primer is influenced by the humidity and temperature of the room.

There are times when two coats of primer are required.

Paint preparation

The next stage is the preparation of the paint itself. We bring the paint into the room for several hours, so that it takes on the ambient temperature. Some paints have application restrictions based on temperature and humidity criteria, so read the instructions carefully before use.

What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint

If you want a flat surface of the coating on the wall, then you should add plain water, no more 1% by volume of paint.

If relief is required, then add fillers. To give the desired color to the paint, add a color scheme. Regardless of the added components, the entire volume should be thoroughly mixed to obtain a homogeneous mass.

Mixing should only be done with a construction mixer and not by hand.

Application

Before starting to apply a layer of paint, we recommend that you look at the photos and videos on the topic: " How to properly apply textured paint on walls ".

Next, we apply the well-mixed paint to the wall.

The layer should be thick, but not more than 1.5 cm. Sometimes paint is applied in two layers. The second layer is applied only after the first one has completely dried.

The layer is completely dry after 24 hours. We apply paint in small areas of about 1.5-2 sq. m.

And do not forget that the setting of paint on the walls already begins 15 minutes after application.

In these 15 minutes, a decorative pattern should be applied.

Drawing Tools

The following tools can be used to apply a decorative pattern:

  1. What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint Hard brush or brush . Using these tools, draw lines in different directions. For a more even distribution of the pattern, it is recommended to first pass with a brush in a horizontal direction, and then in a vertical direction. If you have the skills of an artist, you can create your own unusual ornament or drawing.

  2. Comb . Apply in the same way as a brush and brush. Only the drawing is more pronounced.
  3. Spatula . One of the most difficult methods of applying decorative ornaments.

    With this tool, a drawing of a natural stone is obtained.Coarse spatulas are used if there is a coarse filler in the paint. For other paints, a soft spatula can be used.

  4. Roller . It should be noted that to quickly decorate the wall, you will need several rollers of different widths.

    If we use a roller with foam rubber or a fur coat, we get a uniform rough surface. And if you wind a rope around the roller, then when the roller moves along the fresh paint, traces in the form of stems will remain on the wall. Professionals recommend using pre-patterned rollers.

  5. Cloth, sponge, compressed paper . All these tools are used, on the principle of applying and pressing.

    You can also apply the drawing with your own hands, just wear rubber gloves.

  6. Stencil . There are prepared stencils of drawings, you just need to attach them to fresh paint and treat the open areas with a dampened sponge. It is also possible to use different colors, that is, the base in one color, then we apply a stencil and go through with a sponge in a different color or shade.

Coating with varnish

After the drawing is applied and the paint layer has completely dried, the surface should be coated with varnish or wax.

This is done so that the color and texture will last for a long time.

Manufacturers and price

This is a fairly new material on the construction market. But, despite this, there are many manufacturers of these products.

The price depends on the manufacturer, filler, binder, color, presence of special additives in the composition.

Now we will announce the most popular brands :

  • Ecoroom,
  • Bayramix,
  • Amourcoat,
  • Organic,
  • Baltikolor,
  • Clavel,
  • GALAMIX.

What kind of textured interior wall paint to choose? How to paint

The range of prices is very large. So, for example, a 20 kg can of textured paint produced by Bayramiks, Prorab Sandec, on average, costs 1,500 rubles. And Super Decor from the Baltikolor company already costs about 4000 rubles. Arabesco paint from Clavel costs 9400 rubles.

As we can see, the process of applying textured wall paint is simple and does not require the professional skills of a painter.

In this case, you should not carefully and thoroughly prepare the surface to be treated.

The advantage of the paint is its versatility, which allows maintaining the high quality of both the surface and the paint layer.

If you plan to do all the work with your own hands, then we recommend that you practice your skills on a piece of plywood. You can also experiment on plywood with the pattern and texture of the future wall of the room.

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