In many country houses and baths, there is a stove or a fireplace. The owners of which, not by hearsay, know about the need for proper care and timely cleaning of the oven. After all, otherwise it will cease to function correctly. And here the question arises - how to clean the stove correctly?
In absolutely any kind of stove, soot will form and accumulate in the chimney. If not cleaned, unpleasant consequences are possible.
Combustion products will escape inside the dwelling and poison the air.
This causes the chimney to become narrower and wear out, which will lead to its fire. Soot is a substance that can ignite spontaneously, and this happens at high enough temperatures.
Important: Cases of spontaneous combustion of chimneys as a result of improper cleaning are not uncommon.
For the sake of fire safety, it is simply necessary to clean the oven in time.
First of all, this should be done always before the heating season. During the non-operational period, there may be a cobweb or a bird's nest in the chimney, which will also affect the ingress of combustion waste into the room.
Further focus on the first signs:
Important: It is strictly forbidden to use liquid fuel, plastic or cellophane to light the stoves. In principle, garbage and food residues are not suitable raw materials for the heating of the stove, which, moreover, leads to its rapid pollution.
A lot of soot is generated from these products.
The chimney can be operated for more than ten years, but this period is significantly reduced with a dirty chimney. The accumulated debris and carbon layers prevent the release of combustion products and prevent the walls from heating up.
The chimney gets dirty much faster than the stove itself. Indeed, in the firebox, when the wood burns out, there is a constant movement, the wood is turned over with a metal poker, and the soot does not have time to settle.
In addition to the standard cleaning of the stove from soot layers, there may be a need for the most thorough cleaning, namely, cleaning the inner wall, grate, completely clean the chimney.
The pipe can be cleaned several methods:
The most common home remedy for pipe cleaning is to use plain table salt.
Note : If you use salt mixed with wood when firing up the stove, then you will forget about cleaning the pipe for more than one year. However, salt will not save you from an already clogged pipe.
Potato peelings or raw potatoes poured into a fire can soften the soot and help it escape through the chimney. He burns potatoes without firewood. The main active ingredient here is starch, which helps burn off soot. The required amount of potatoes is calculated based on the size of the pipe. On average, that's about two buckets.
This method is used for prevention purposes. For the best purification, this process should be repeated 3 times.
The chemical agent is exposed to soot by adding it to the fuel at the rate of two hundred grams of substance per thousand kilograms of fuel. The product is usually in powder form. Its action begins during the heating process, due to which the soot is gradually burned off.
Important: Before using the chemical method, make sure that there is no debris in the chimney.
The Chimney Sweep log is an excellent example of such a powder. This means is enough for half a year when the furnace is fired several times a week.
If after ten days after using the log you observe that soot is pouring out of the pipe, then this is a sign of the action of the remedy.
There is a small minus here, namely that the log burns out at a very high temperature, which not all chimneys are able to withstand.
Also, this option should not be used by allergy sufferers, since when burned, the product emits a chemical odor.
The funds of Kominchek and Poleno are also considered proven.
Important : These substances are used only for furnaces with a smoke circulation, otherwise the opposite effect may be created.
During mechanical cleaning, especially when working independently at home, the following rules must be observed:
The fireplace is covered with damp material;
Cleaning occurs in the following sequence :
The rope is taken with a length equal to the pipe.With rotary movements, the walls are cleaned with a brush.
Note: If your fireplace in the house has a straight chimney, then cleaning is best done from below through the firebox.
Another way of cleaning stoves and chimneys from combustion products is exposure to high temperatures. But you need to know that this method is very dangerous and should be used only as a last resort with very strong contamination.
Why take aspen firewood, put it in the oven and set it on fire. After all the firewood is on fire, the dampers open, which provokes the burning of the stove and blowing hot smoke with vapors.
Important : Use this method only in sound ovens, since the old one may not withstand high temperatures and crack.
In addition to cleaning the chimney, the concept of cleaning the stove includes other parts that can be washed with soapy water and wipe with a cloth. Limescale is removed with ten percent vinegar solution.
The use of raw softwood will also generate a lot of soot.
Anyone, even the most ideal oven, will need cleaning over time. To prevent new contamination, the chimney and firebox should be checked and cleaned regularly. Maintenance cleaning should be done twice a year. This will extend its service life and protect residents from emergencies.
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