Where to install light switches in apartment or a private house. Anyone who is just starting to do repair work in their own home, exactly asks the question - how many sockets are needed for each room, and where (in what place) are they where it is better to install the switch. If in an amicable way, then this is determined by a well-designed project, and in our time, without it, it's not even worth starting work. But many people continue to do everything in the old fashioned way, relying on the experience or recommendations of friends who know about electrics. As a result, someone even overdoes it, and after all the work is completed, the electrical panel looks like a small substation.
Other people, on the contrary, are located in minimalism, and then they run around with extension cords, tees and carriers. So, we suggest trying to choose the optimal number of sockets and switches for small two-room apartments, so it is worth considering all the premises separately. In addition, we will briefly touch on all the tasks that are required to perform certain elements in the places allocated for them.
Building codes that strictly regulate the number and location of network connectors , as well as the number of switches in the house, are not spelled out at the legislative level. But there are documents called "Code of rules for design and construction", or abbreviated SP 31-110-2003, and it is in it that all the recommendations are spelled out.
Remember to use common sense.
Already an outdated method from the Soviet past for the location of electric points has the following advantages:
But if the device that will be connected to such an outlet is located in one place, then it becomes less attractive, because both the wires and the outlet will be in sight.
Advantages of the "euro" standard:
- Pleasant and simple use, high ergonomics.
- You can “blindly” adjust the lighting fixtures, and also not raise your hands.
- "secrecy" about public view at the maximum.
But this option requires additional protection from children, and to connect the devices will need to bend over. Installation of additional furniture will overlap the installed devices.
It is worth starting with the hallway.
After the front door, there should be a pass-through switch (yes, not a single-key switch), and why, it will become clear further. He is responsible for lighting in the hallway, and if you open the door with your right hand, and your left is not involved, then it is advisable to leave everything to the left, at a height of 0.9 meters from the floor. If you have an intercom, then a power cable and a twisted pair should be laid near the door, which will transmit the video signal. If you want the video signal to go directly to the TV, which is located in the bedroom or living room, then you will need to lay 2 twisted pairs.
Also, under the ceiling in the corridor, it is required to allocate space for a mini-server room with an outlet, a router for the Internet and other things. This is extremely important in modern apartments. Choose the right place for installation because this will directly affect the signal.
This is the place where all cables for the cable and the Internet flow from the entrance, and then the signals from them go to apartments. Naturally, a separate shield should be taken out into the hallway.
Also, in the corridor, most of us have a mirror with a small cabinet, and this place can be safely called women's territory. This corner must also be equipped with electricity, and it will require two sockets at once - to turn on a hairdryer and other women's beauty gadgets. In addition, he will be responsible for illuminating the mirror. At the very end of the room, a second pass-through switch should be installed. It will work in conjunction with what you lay from the door leaf at the entrance to the house.
The basic rule for lighting is to make switches for "dirty" area, and "clean". So, you entered the apartment and turned on the light. Take off your shoes, go into a hall or kitchen that is clean. Then, so as not to go back in socks on the dirty floor, and you turn off the lighting at the exit from the room. The installation in the corridor does not yet place a block of two sockets, which are located at floor level.
This is necessary for the convenience of using the vacuum cleaner when cleaning. You can also connect an ultraviolet dryer for boots here. In the spring and fall, you will only be glad you did it. Everything is in the hallway. So, to summarize - a 220 V power cable and a twisted pair (or two) for an intercom.
Can go to the next room. It is worth installing a switch at the entrance to the room. It should be placed on the back of where you plan to open the door. Everything should be at a height of 90 cm. On the side where the furniture corner will be installed, you should lay the power cable and socket outlets for the backlight in advance.
Believe me, no new wall is complete without it. Most often, the finishing is done using an LED strip, and the unit is powered by 12 or 24 V from the laid wire. Off. and incl. illumination is performed using miniature non-contact infrared switches.
Where else to install the light switch?
In other rooms, but we're not done with the living room yet.You need to install a block of two outlets in it to connect portable devices. In addition, there is often a study and work area in the corner of this room with a desk and a computer. What electrical points should be displayed? For a monitor and a PC, you need at least three sockets and additional. twisted pair pin.
The unit needs to be placed under the table and will consist of four sockets for a desk lamp or any other technique that depends on the PC.
Remember to use window slopes. It will be extremely convenient while sitting at the table to turn off the general light on the ceiling, and at the same time not return to the entrance to the room, but simply click the corresponding switches in the slope, which is nearby. It turns out that the switch on the slope and the entrance must also be through. Also, add another power outlet for this unit that will come in handy for recharging your phone.
Next, let's move on to the sofa area. There should be a block of three electrical points. There will be two switches that are responsible for the sources of the set, located on the wall along the edges of the sofa.
Remember that there should not be one lamp above the sofa, otherwise when you watch TV, you will not see the screen, but a light bulb that is reflected. Such a light will greatly annoy you.
Wall lamps with low power are a must if you do not want to spoil your eyesight when watching movies in complete darkness. By the way, to make it possible to make those with low power from ordinary lamps, you can put together two standard switches such devices as a dimmer. But here you should be careful with the selection of models, because they are not all great for an LED light source. The third switch is also a checkpoint, it is responsible for the main lighting. You won't get up from the couch every time to turn off the light before watching TV, and therefore you will have three switches that will be interconnected.
Where there is a TV set, it is worth installing a block of two sockets, a cable for the TV and an outlet for the Internet. The last point is important, because modern TV models can independently access the Internet. Also, the corner opposite from the computer desk is usually separated as a ladies' corner zone. In this place, it is required to install two sockets for a hair dryer, curling iron and other women's appliances that help to induce beauty. This also requires a switch for the backlight.
And the last cable for the living room is the air conditioner power supply. It is not always installed at the very beginning, but if it is in the plans, then do not forget about this electrical point. It is usually connected in a separate circuit, from the shield itself.
And now you can go to the bedroom. According to the logic of the premises considered at the beginning, at the entrance from the side of the door leaf, we again install the main light switch.
There should be two lamps above the bed and separate single-keyboards under them.A walk-through switch is required nearby for ceiling-mounted lighting. Near the bedside table, on each side, you need to install a block from a 220 V outlet and a special outlet for charging USB. Air conditioning in the bedroom can be supplied (optional). There should be 1-2 sockets in the window slopes, and here, but on the second side, it is worth placing a light switch for the chandelier.
In the corner by the window, where the study or work area with straw and a PC is located, the layout should be the same as before - under the table there is an outlet for a twisted pair cable and three sockets, and above, behind the PC, there is a block of four sockets. A TV is usually installed on the wall, which is opposite from the bed, and below you can put a game console, a receiver, a humidifier and other gadgets. As you can see, here a lot repeats the scheme of the living room.
Now the kitchen. Unlike a bedroom or living room, in the kitchen, everything is highly interconnected with the choice of pieces of furniture for the room and those electrical appliances that will be built into it.
Where to install switches and sockets for the kitchen? This is a room where there are no universal options. As soon as you have changes in the headset, the entire electrical system can change dramatically. Much more detail on the selection of specific electrical points and their correct placement can be found in the video tutorial. It describes all the optimal placement of switches and sockets.
There is very little left - to deal with the bathroom.
As a rule, a fan is necessarily installed on the hood. The switch for it can be mounted in the wall, near the toilet. In acceptable proximity to the sink and observing all the minimum distances for the "wet" zone, you can install a unit with a switch for lighting and a socket for a hair dryer / curling iron. It is worth noting that the sockets are far from ordinary here. Another switch must be installed at the entrance to the bathroom itself in order to control the main light in this room.
If you make an electrician according to all the recommendations given above, and also install as many electric outlets in your two-room apartment as written, you will get a safe, well-lit, ergonomic and comfortable apartment, which will not be needed in the next 5 -8 years of chasing walls and again laying wires / cables.
Where and how to place sockets and switches should be determined based on comfort and safety. At the moment, there are no capital standards that would indicate the location of the switches and connectors for the electrical network. Especially their quantities in individual rooms.
Planning is the stage of calculating the number of mechanisms that will be used on an ongoing basis, regardless of the type of premises.
Additionally, a couple of outlets on top are required just in case. The most stringent requirements are imposed on the craftsmen who carry out the electrical installation in the apartment. Such people should be with excellent work experience. But if you decide to do everything yourself, then you need to familiarize yourself with all types of electrical equipment. Since the range of products is quite large, this means that equipment can be found for every need.
This can be an audio socket, which makes it possible to connect acoustics, a landline telephone or a music center, and there are also sockets for an Internet cable. The height of the installation will determine the comfortable living conditions, create beauty, improvement and safety.
( 1 grade, average 4 of 5 )
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |05, Nov 2020