Well or well - the pros and cons. Those who build wells can give a huge number of arguments that such structures are ingenious. If you seek help from specialists from companies that are engaged in well drilling, you will hear no less from them, moreover, about the advantages and disadvantages of drilling. You just have to decide which is better - a well or a well. All the advantages and disadvantages that were identified by real users will help you make the right choice.
We recognize that wells are often used in summer cottages as the main source of water, since these structures have a number of advantages.
Among them are the minimum costs for construction and arrangement. You can even dig a well without using special equipment, since any gardener, villager or avid summer resident can cope with this task.
To prevent water from flowing by gravity, you will need to buy a pump , but you won't spend a lot of money on this either - such devices for wells are much cheaper than pumps designed for wells. If you still haven't decided for yourself which of these two options is better, we recommend that you consider all the pros and cons.
Among the advantages, we also highlight the versatility, since this quality is manifested in the area where there are very often interruptions of electrical energy. Agree, it is not very joyful to sit without electricity and water, especially when the latter is so close.
All pros and cons of a well and a well are recommended consider even before the work is started in order to equip everything according to the rules. In this case, we are mostly talking about the well, since if everything is done according to the requirements, it will serve you for a long time, and it can be used for up to 50 years. Agree, getting free and tasty water is nice, especially if you consider that it will not contain chlorine impurities and a rusty taste.
But it also happens that the suburban area is close enough to the urban area. This is very convenient from the point of view of the way to the city, but bad for the quality of the water. The fact is that the source of filling the well is the aquifer, which is located at a depth of 5 to 30 meters - where groundwater flows. After rains and floods, they are not always of high quality. At this moment, summer residents begin to seriously think about what other disadvantages the wells have - health is much more important than the desire to save money.
Among the shortcomings, one should highlight the need for constant care and regular use. The problem is that if you rarely use the well, then in 4 years it will simply silt up.In addition, the walls of the well should be thoroughly cleaned and rinsed 2 times a year. If necessary, you will have to carry out treatment with special disinfectants, as well as replace the bottom filter.
As you know, a well collects surface water, so the volume of water supply is limited, you can get about 250 liters per hour .
.. If you need to provide water for a small cottage, then this amount may simply not be enough, because you will not only have to do regular watering of the garden and green spaces, but also fill the pool, as well as cope with many household tasks, including cleaning the room, washing dishes, laundry and so on. Thus, you will have a constant lack of water.
When there is a question about what is required for constant water supply - a well or a well, the choice is made in favor of the first.
But nevertheless, first, let's consider the features of the wells. All the reasons for choosing and abandoning a well were considered above, and now it is the turn of the well. A long time ago, spring water was recognized as the most useful and purest. The fact is that the well is fed by water from the depths of the earth, and the liquid itself does not mix with thawed upstream waters. For this reason, if you want to equip a well, you will have a unique opportunity to use a high quality product.
Among other advantages, we also highlight hygiene. The system has a narrow neck and at the same time it can be closed with a lid, which excludes the ingress of debris, fallen leaves and small animals inside. Insects and even amphibians will not penetrate through the narrow tube. It is they who, in the case of a well, can become a real threat, since they begin to rot, and this, in turn, becomes the reason for the reproduction of microorganisms that are most dangerous to human health.
If you are considering a well or a well as a potential source of water, the pros and cons should definitely be evaluated and even compared.
For example, a well has become popular because it has more water reserves than wells. By the way, wells are often equipped with clay, but the sandy layer makes it possible to achieve a stable water inflow and high fluid loss. According to experts, water reserves in sandy soil are practically inexhaustible and it is on such layers that wells are drilled.
If according to all the rules to equip a well, then caring for it will be minimal and will be reduced only to observing the operation of the equipment. This design does not require annual cleaning, and in order to be 100% sure of the purity of the water received, it will be possible to install a filter.
If you still haven't decided, let's compare both designs.For example, a long term of use, which is more than 50 years, is an additional benefit of a well. Much will depend on how the specialists perform the work correctly. Also, one cannot ignore the regular maintenance and chemical analysis of the water that is pumped out.
So, let's move on to the disadvantages.
Sometimes summer residents refuse wells for one reason, namely that it is very costly. When it comes to a sand well, you will not have to spend so much, because most of the work can be done independently. In case you want to equip an artesian well, you will have to spend money. The cost will also largely depend on the time of year, the equipment used and, of course, on the drilling depth. Be sure to add head, casing, and pumps to your expense item.
Also, as practice has shown, when the owners choose not the best quality steel as the material for the arrangement, the water from the well sometimes takes on a rusty color and a metallic taste. Unfortunately, there is no single solution to this problem. You can do everything the way your budget allows. If the price is a priority for you and there are no complexities of arrangement / use, then it is better to opt for a well, whereas in order to obtain a large volume of liquid to cover all water costs for household needs, you should choose a well.
If you are now at the stage of making a decision, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with this fragment, since we have compared and made conclusions, which is better - a well or a well.
Objectively speaking, it is incorrect to compare such constructions. When it comes to a relatively uncomplicated well in sand, it will still surpass the well in manufacturability. In addition, the construction of a well should be carried out taking into account where the septic tank is located on the site. According to the norms, there should be at least 20 meters or even more between both systems, which is hardly possible if your summer cottage has only 8 acres. In this case, the problem will be solved with the help of a well.
The fact that it is several times cheaper to dig a well is also important, but this raises some doubts. The standard size of a well shaft is 10 rings and will cost $ 1,000, which is not that expensive, but in this case, you shouldn't even hint about the high quality of the water.
This is due to the fact that it will be only partially filtered product of vital activity. In the spring, the water will be cloudy and you can not hope for a constant level, as it depends on seasonal fluctuations. This way of saving will become questionable in the summer - a period of droughts.
As you can see, it is worth considering not only the material side of the issue, but also certain sanitary requirements.
In the case when serious requirements will be imposed on the quality of water, and its volume must be sufficient to cover the needs of those living in the house (provided that the material side of the issue is not very important), the ideal solution to the problem would be to create an artesian well. If, however, when examining the site, you notice that the groundwater level is too low or too high, then a well made in sand will be the only and best option, since it does not take much time and much effort to make it. Such conditions persist in swampy areas in which the water table will run from the surface of the earth at a depth of 3 meters.
If you still have not decided which is better, all the advantages and disadvantages should be assessed without outside help, and even more so without expert advice.
So, if the groundwater on the site lies within the range from 5 to 10 meters, you can safely make a well. However, keep in mind that this will require obtaining data from geologists or neighbors, that such water can be used not only for domestic needs, but also for food.
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