Translated from English, nail is a nail, that is, it is a device designed for automatic nailing.
Instead of nails, metal studs and pins of different sizes and thicknesses can be used.
Few people know that in the USSR they produced pneumatic nailers, model IP-440. True, only for industrial use.
Time is of the essence now and the use of a hammer and a nail is not acceptable. And today we will consider the main types and functions of neulers and their scope.
Many people immediately have a question, why knock down wooden elements with nails, if you can use screws and a screwdriver.
In connecting elements, the shear load plays an important role. And now we will consider who can withstand this type of load better.
The nail is made from cold-rolled wire by cutting. A self-tapping screw is a hardened threaded rod. If you screw in a self-tapping screw and leave it sticking out about 1 cm, and drive in a nail using the same technology. And strike, then the screw will break, and the nail will bend. From this we can conclude that the nail can withstand a large load on the cut.
Why use a nailer when you can use a hammer.
Here it is clear, the hammering speed is much higher, a person will get tired sooner or later, and most importantly, a nail hammered the first time can withstand the load by 1.5-2 times.
Naylers are divided into two large groups:
To begin with, let's analyze the first group, it consists of three main types :
Usually, manufacturers write in the instructions how much the receiver is required and the operating pressure, usually the limit is from 6 to 8 bar. But some manufacturers such as MAX Co. Ltd. (Japan), they make high pressure air nailer. With an operating pressure of 20 to 30 bar (models HN25C or HN120).
This tool is widely used both in construction and in manufacturing. Has a number of pluses:
But as we understand it, there are also cons :
All the disadvantages are associated with the use of compressed air, that is, the use of electricity for the compressor, the use of high pressure hoses, which adds a number of inconveniences.
A wide range of applications of pneumatic nailers due to their versatility.
It is possible to use both in the final finishing with small studs and nails of large diameter (4-5 mm.
) And up to 220 mm long ( Haubold RN 220R ), when attaching and assembling the frame ...
As a result of such a reaction, a microexplosion occurs, the energy is absorbed by the piston and transferred further to the working element (nail). Thanks to this mechanism, the impact force is impressive, which allows them to be used to drive dowels straight into a solid base. Gas nailer belongs to the class of mobile devices. The power consumption of the entire device is due to the standard battery.
Now let's look at the pluses:
Let's also consider the cons:
It should be noted that the balloon and nails come together in one package.
So, for example, the Spit company offers the PULSA 700P model, one can of gas is enough for about 700 shots, and the standard battery for 1500 shots.
Tool weight 3. 6 kg, impact force about 100 J, the battery is charged in just 1 hour.
And, accordingly, there are many other models, so PASLODE CR175C he has the battery is enough for 2200 shots, and the standard gas cylinder for 1000 shots.
PASLODE IM 350 PLUS frame, has a reinforced battery, which gives it the ability to hit about 4000 times on one charge.
Here, the lantern that clogs the consumable is directly connected to the coil core. This type of nailer is used for finishing. They work with consumables of small length (pins, hairpins and nails up to 60 mm.).
There are two types of network - powered by an electrical outlet, and rechargeable - which operate from a rechargeable battery.
From the network one can distinguish the Rapid EN50 model, and from the battery ones produced by Bosch, the model GSK 18 V-LI Professional , in its configuration it has an 18 volt battery, which is enough for 650-750 shots, nails from 34 to 65 mm long are used as fasteners. DeWalt
K plus electric pistols include:
The disadvantages include :
The following classification is by type of consumable :
Here everything is clear from the names. It should only be noted that the consumables are not fed into the gun in bulk, but neatly folded and packed in clips or spools. In these clips, cardboard, plastic, metal wire are used as connecting elements between the nails. The reel can hold more nails up to 300 pcs.
, Accordingly, the weight increases, which in some moments is unacceptable. The clip in this regard is more practical and much easier.
Neilers have a limit for each model in terms of the length of the consumable. Typically these ranges are: 34-66mm. , 50-90 mm.
, 90-120 mm. , 100-160mm.
Senco Fusion Nailer.
Let's start with powder pistols, they have been used in construction for a long time.
Their main function is to hammer dowels into the concrete base and metal surfaces.
Experts do not want to put them on a par with nailers, but the edge of nail guns and nailing tools over time blurred. Here, cartridges are used of both different calibers and different markings, the power of the shot depends on this. Moreover, the through chamber is completely excluded. The shot will not occur until the pistol is firmly pressed against the base.
Cartridges are fed in both automatic and semi-automatic modes. For large nails and dowels, there are single-shot pistols.
The Senco Fusion Nailer is an innovative tool. The developers have combined electrical and pneumatics. The principle is based on the fact that a pneumatic cylinder is filled with nitrogen gas. It forces the piston to move forward, and the electric motor will take it back to its original position.
The electric motor is powered by a stationary 18 V. battery. Moreover, the whole cycle is closed, only the battery should be charged.
Thanks to this technology, we get a number of features:
Manufacturers have taken the path that the nailer must perform a certain type of work.
This is precisely the reason for the limitations on the size of the consumable. But, like any rule, there are exceptions, some models of units can solve a huge range of any tasks, and this happens due to the use of different nozzles and adapters.
Roofing nailers .
Drum pistols are used.
They are used for fastening a soft roof, as fasteners are used brushed nails with a large head (about 8-10 mm.
) And long (about 25-50 mm.).
They are also called finishing. They are used for fastening cladding (molding, platbands, plinths, glazing beads).
Thin nails without heads are used as fasteners.
Use cassette pistols.
The most important thing is that there is an adjustment of the driving depth, as well as a tip, which is made of rubber so as not to leave scratches on the surface.
They are widely used, they use large nails up to 220 mm.
Used for the construction of wooden structures, pallets, floors, rafters. The nail heads can be O-shaped and D-shaped.
Scope of application installation of sheet materials (plywood, OSB boards).
Nails 25-75 mm long are used as consumables.
and a cap width of about 7-8 mm.
Use a drum gun.
Gun for fastening drywall.
They are used in cases where the lathing consists of a wooden bar. Brushed nails, about 30-50 mm long, are used.
HVR41-ST, from MAX, it is also called a screwdriver, it is able to screw in and drive in a screw at the same time in 0.06 seconds.
Nayler for installation of insulation .
A fungus washer is used as a fastener, which tightly holds the insulation.
Widely used for insulating facades, basements, various types of insulation (penoplex, mineral wool, expanded polystyrene).
Refers to pneumatic nailers, the most compact and versatile, used in hard-to-reach places, uses fasteners of different sizes and by the piece. TRUSTY TYI-AH001 is one of the most common models.
The main feature is that the hammering of crutches (L-shaped hairpin) occurs at an angle to the surface.
Support rollers, nozzles and other devices are used as an adjusting mechanism. SENCO-SHF15 is one of the most common models.
Guns for direct mounting .
These are all varieties of powder nailers. And recently, some gas and pneumatic models of nailers.
As you can see, there are a lot of nuances in the choice of neiler pistols. One of the most important selection parameters is for consumables, you should consider the stability and quality of delivery. Two batteries should be provided, for the electric nailer ( Dynamik CN60-688ES ) and of course a quick charge.
If you responsibly approach the choice of nailing equipment, then it will not please you one year.
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