Which Paving Slabs Are Best? Types - styling and production, how to do it yourself + Video

Which Paving Slabs Are Best? Types - styling and production, how to do it yourself + Video The article describes the main stages of the production of paving slabs. Its characteristics are given for comparison with traditional types of road surface.

The stages of self-production of concrete tiles and their use for private households are explained.

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Paving slabs. General information

The origin of the material

The photo shows several forms, colors and patterns on the surface.

Which Paving Slabs Are Best? Types - styling and production, how to do it yourself + Video

Which Paving Slabs Are Best? Types - styling and production, how to do it yourself + Video

Which Paving Slabs Are Best? Types - styling and production, how to do it yourself + Video

Which Paving Slabs Are Best? Types - styling and production, how to do it yourself + Video

Which Paving Slabs Are Best? Types - styling and production, how to do it yourself + Video

Which Paving Slabs Are Best? Types - styling and production, how to do it yourself + Video

The production of such material is not difficult, you can make the tiles yourself at home.

Main types of production

There are several different methods of production according to production methods:

  • casting with liquid concrete with vibration ,
  • pressing with a wet cement mixture with sand with a small amount of water,
  • sandy polymer mixture with pressing.

The obligatory use of special forms combines these methods.

How to independently make paving slabs

If you need a small amount of paving slabs for a private courtyard, it is best to make it yourself. First you need to purchase materials.

Materials

Cement M-500

Which Paving Slabs Are Best? Types - styling and production, how to do it yourself + Video Cement grade M-500, according to its properties, in the manufacture of products is gaining strength in the presence of moisture.

Tiles are made for laying outdoors and are exposed to precipitation, which means that their density will only grow,

Other

Forms for packing tiles made of plastic, fine fraction of granite chips.

You can replace it with a conventional sand-gravel mixture, powder for coloration. The need depends on the idea of ​​ennobling the area in color.

Required tools

Trowel, shovel and container for mixing the mortar,

Preparing the mortar

Important! The mortar is prepared based on the proportion of 1 part of cement to 5 parts of ASG. Water is added to obtain a thick lump, in portions.

The resulting mixture is evenly poured into molds.

In a day, the product is ready for use. The cycle is repeated until the required number of tiles is obtained.

If the tile area is selected large, then for reliability, before pouring, a wire for reinforcement with a diameter of 2 mm is laid in the mold. The thickness for the paths is sufficient from 2.5 cm to 3 cm.

For a parking lot of at least 8 cm.

Laying tiles

Laying paving slabs on a dry mixture of cement and sand, previously leveled under the rule. The seam is left 4 mm.With its subsequent filling with the same composition as in the base.

Paving stones are leveled with a rubber mallet under level control.

At the end of the process, the entire area must be carefully spilled with water until puddles form. Subject to all conditions, such a coating will last a long time.

This production is enough for laying paths, a blind area of ​​a house and small courtyards in private ownership.

Secrets of industrial production

The production of paving slabs on an industrial scale is carried out on special machines.

Ingredients used

  • Cement M500.

  • Sand-gravel mixture or fine granite chips mixed with sand. For a wet cement mixture, only coarse sand is taken.
  • Water.
  • Powder for tinting.
  • Plasticizer of PS-1 type.

    It is used to obtain a glossy surface of the material.

  • Polymer granules.

Methods

When producing material by the method of liquid concrete, the mixture is prepared in concrete mixing plant according to technology. Then it is poured into molds set on vibrating tables.

When vibrating , air bubbles are removed from the mixture, the composition is compacted, there is no need for additional reinforcement.

The matrix with filled forms is placed on racks in a room with heated air up to 45 0 С. The drying process takes up to 24 hours.

For the production of pressed tiles , a special pressing machine with vibration table is used. A cement-sand mixture is prepared in a mixer with the addition of a small amount of water and polymer plasticizer.

Process

Then the operator fills in the matrix with the forms and presses it with a press.

Under the influence of pressure and vibration, the mixture sets quickly. The tiles formed in this way are placed on trays in a steaming chamber. Drying is reduced to 10 hours.

This product has perfectly straight edges. It is often used to pave city streets and sidewalks.

Since it is necessary to lay a large area, it is more convenient to install the press tiles using a special machine. The base is a dry mixture of sand and cement.

Polymeric sand tile for production has a difference only in the absence of cement in the composition.

Main characteristics

  • Strength corresponds to M 350.
  • Withstands up to 300 freeze and thaw cycles.

  • Practically serves for 20 years.
  • Absorbs moisture less than 5%.

Positive aspects of the product

  • Pressed paving slabs have increased strength.
  • It can be used for paving roads and parking lots.
  • Long service life.

  • Low cost reduces budget costs.
  • Its repair is not difficult and takes little time.
  • Does not emit harmful substances into the atmosphere.
  • Coating device does not take long.

Conclusion

The positive characteristics of concrete paving slabs contribute to an increase in demand for this material.

The exterior significantly improves the appearance of city streets and private areas.

Concrete tiles have a lifespan of 20 years, which exceeds that of asphalt. In case of destruction of several tiles, their replacement will not entail large financial costs and time will be spent on such a process a little.

Which Paving Slabs Are Best? Types - styling and production, how to do it yourself + Video

"Go to Petrovich's store and choose paving slabs at the best price"

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