Sometimes you want your house to look not modern, but, on the contrary, look like an old building built in the Middle Ages. But at the same time, his appearance must be attractive and flawless. To achieve this will help such a far from new, but not losing popularity finishing material, like wild stone for the facade. This expensive but unique and beautiful material deserves special attention.
Wild stone for the facade
Wild stone combined with dolomite
Facade decoration with limestone
Wild stone, as you might guess, is a material created by nature itself.
It was formed over a long time - millennia - under the influence of various natural factors. Differs in rich colors, allows you to create the most unusual combinations and variations of the facade cladding. This type of natural facing material is made from large stone slabs that are split into many small pieces. All the resulting fragments have completely different shapes and sizes, torn edges, their surface is rough and uneven. It is interesting that in a huge pile of such stones there will not even be a pair of the same - they are all somehow different from each other.
Note! It is very convenient to transport a wild stone, despite its weight, as it has a flat shape and is easily stored.
Wild stone as a finishing material has several features that significantly distinguish it from other types of finishes:
Natural stone decoration
Wild stone as a finishing material has its pros and cons. And before deciding on the decoration of the house for them, you should get acquainted with its features. This will help you make the right choice.
How stones appear in nature
Advantages of wild stone for facade decoration:
Laying wild stone outdoor
Facing the facade with stone
Note! It is believed that some types of natural stone are radioactive. However, this is far from the case - this tale was invented by competitors selling other types of finishing materials. So you can safely buy a wild stone and use it to decorate your home.
Now a few words about the disadvantages of the wild stone. This material is quite strong and heavy.
The first, of course, is at the same time its advantage, however, it significantly complicates processing, cutting, if necessary. And not all types of finishing stone are heavy. But the price of a natural natural material is quite high - for example, marble or granite (1 m 2 ) will cost at least 1,400 rubles, and sandstone - from 230 rubles.
It is worth remembering that no method of artificial imitation of stone can convey the charm and beauty that natural material possesses. The stone received its pattern and texture thanks to the centuries-old "labor" of water, air, high temperatures in the bowels of the earth, and other natural factors.
That is why facades with such finishes will always look unique and be considered an indicator of the owner's taste. This type of decoration will never go out of fashion.
Artificial stone will not be able to convey the charm and beauty that natural material possesses.
A large number of types are used for finishing the facades of residential buildings and other buildings wild stone. They differ from each other in the complexity of processing, strength indicators, appearance and many other factors.
Each type has its own disadvantages and advantages.
Table. Types of wild stone used for facade decoration.
| This is the most durable and expensive type of stone. It does not age, is not affected by any natural factors, it looks very expensive.
Granite has always been considered a symbol of wealth, reliability, strength. Its main drawback, in addition to the high price, is its heavy weight, which makes the installation process extremely difficult and expensive. Granite is a rock of igneous origin.
| The limestone is relatively small mass. The stone is of organic origin, it is the pressed remains of the shells of marine life.
The stone contains a large amount of calcium. Differs in good decorative properties, environmentally friendly, relatively light, has high sound and heat insulation. Limestone also has bactericidal properties - it cleans the air from pathogenic microorganisms. The price is lower than that of granite. At the same time, the stone is well processed.
By the way, shell rock is a kind of limestone. The disadvantage is that limestone must be treated with water repellent agents.
| The stone has an attractive appearance view, while being relatively inexpensive. It is pleasant, slightly rough to the touch, beige, yellowish in color, less often dark brown. Wear-resistant, but cannot be polished.
By the way, it was from this stone that palaces and royal chambers were previously created. And now sandstone is one of the most popular types of finishing stone.
| Dense, strong, good in processing, very beautiful kind of finishing stone. But in use, it is extremely difficult and capricious, in certain conditions it can become stained and lose its appearance. Consists of calcite, formed due to the processes of limestone metamorphism.
| Not afraid of frost, strong and durable finishing material that can be polished. It is an igneous rock with a beautiful blue, less often yellow or red pattern.
| Rock of magmatic origin, very durable, not afraid of temperatures and fire, polished. Light, porous. The disadvantage is that it disappears relatively quickly.
| This is a series of rocks dark red, smooth to the touch. The chemical composition is similar to granite. Strong, non-fading, excellent polish. Used in ancient Rome - statues and luxury items were made of porphyry.
| Difficult material to work light or reddish.
Very heavy, therefore rarely used.
| Not afraid of fire , no frost, very beautiful mineral. Disadvantages - high price, small selection of colors.
| Not afraid of water, frost, sudden temperature fluctuations, is not destroyed during mechanical processing. It has black, green, gray, bluish color.
All rocks differ from each other in terms of strength, appearance, resistance to various influences, price and complexity of processing. Most often, limestone, sandstone, slate are used for facing buildings, and granite from expensive and difficult to process.
It is very difficult to single out the one that can be called the best of all. You need to be guided by your wishes regarding the appearance, the possible amount of costs and other factors.
If possible, it is better to buy granite or marble, but if there is not enough money for them, then you can buy sandstone.
Sandstone for facing facades
There are five main types stone, which are used for facade decoration:
These are layers with an irregular shape, the corners of which are carefully processed;
Wild Sandstone (die)
Wild stone is used not only for facade decoration. It is suitable for decorating the basement of buildings; it can also be used to decorate walls from the inside of the room.
The openings of windows and doors, decorated with wild stone, also look very beautiful. Floors made of natural minerals, fireplaces, columns and other decorative elements decorated with it will also look good.
Note! Completely facade walls are rarely finished with wild stone, since this process is long, laborious and expensive.
Wild stone goes well with forged metal products, therefore, grilles, lanterns of various shapes made of alloys can be added to the wall of the house.
Facing steps and plinths with wild stone
There are two ways facade decoration with wild stone - with jointing and seamless.
In the first case, a beautiful pattern will be obtained, formed from stones that are loosely fitted to each other and a solution that holds them together. In the second case, the seams will not be visible, but the stones should fit very tightly to each other. The first option saves the consumption of the finishing material itself.
Note! Before you start cladding walls with stone, it is important to evaluate the material from which the wall is made. The fact is that it is possible to put a stone directly on the surface only if it is made of brick or concrete.
If the facade of the building is wooden, then before laying it should be covered with a special mesh.
Facing with wild stone photo
After the stone has been selected, purchased, delivered directly to the construction site, it is sorted, removing too small and fragile pieces from the total. In general, the whole stone is divided into several piles, in which elements of approximately the same size are collected. Next, the preparation of the facade and its facing with stone begins. The work should be carried out at positive temperatures so that the base heats up to + 5-30 degrees.
Step 1. First of all, the facade is carefully examined. The surface must be solid and dry.
Inspection of the facade
Step 2. Next, the surface is cleaned of dust and debris with a brush.
All large irregularities are eliminated.
Step 3. All large cracks are puttyed. If there are greasy stains or paints, they are removed with a solvent.
Putty for large cracks
Apply one layer of primer to the prepared surface (on a porous surface - two). Wait for the primer to dry.
Step 5. Before starting work, the wild stone is washed with water using a stiff brush and dries up. Thus, dust will be removed from it, which reduces the adhesion of the stone.
The wild stone is washed
Step 6. A special dry adhesive mixture is used to glue the stone. It is diluted immediately before starting work strictly according to the instructions on the package. The required amount of the mixture is dissolved in water and mixed with a construction mixer.
Preparation of the adhesive solution
The grout is immediately prepared for the joints from a special mixture. It can be given the desired color using a color scheme.
Attention! Mixtures harden very quickly, so you need to work quickly and accurately. And it is better not to dilute the entire solution at once.
Prepared mixture applied to the wall and then leveled with the notched side of the trowel.
Mixture applied to wall
Smoothing with notched trowel
Step 9. The stone is applied to the applied solution and pressed. You can tap it lightly with a rubber mallet.
The stone is pressed against the applied mortar
A thick layer of grout is applied to the edges of the glued stone.
Step 11. The next stone is applied.
The next stone is applied
And another one
Step 12. The excess of protruding grout is removed with a spatula.
Removing excess grout
Step 13. After a day, the remnants of grout are removed from the surface with a wet brush.
The remains of grout from the surface are removed with a wet brush
Step 14. The final stage of finishing - applying varnish. This will accentuate the natural color of the stone and will also protect against moisture.
Varnish for stone and structural plaster
Artificial stone for plinth
Finishing the basement is a separate task, which a good owner of a country cottage will definitely pay a lot of attention to. Most often, decorative stone is used for these purposes - an expensive material that is not available to everyone in large quantities. But today the material has a cheaper and not inferior alternative in its performance characteristics. This is an artificial stone for the base.
This is how you can turn your house into a real medieval castle.
It will seem that it is made according to the old technology of masonry from large monolithic stones. Agree, such a structure looks impressive. And "to blame for everything" - it was the wild stone used to decorate the facade
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