The appearance of windows is of great importance for any building, and especially for a residential building. Clean, neatly painted frames and the right color make even the simplest façade attractive. In order for the windows to always look like new, it is necessary not only to observe the application technology, but to choose the composition correctly. Among the huge assortment of paintwork materials, it is not easy to figure out which paint for windows is better, and therefore we will consider in more detail the main types of paints, their characteristics and the most popular brands.
Choosing a coloring composition for wooden windows, one should take into account not only the properties of the tree, but also the operating conditions of the material.
Outside frames are exposed to the weather all year round, withstand sudden temperature fluctuations, and are susceptible to sunlight. Dirt and dust are collected on them more, which means that you have to wash more often, as a result of which the paint layer is gradually erased and loses its original smoothness and shine.
Choose resistant paints
Wood surfaces are prone to deformation and cracking, which affects the integrity of the coating. Based on this, the main criteria for choosing a paint can be distinguished:
As for toxicity, the requirements here are not too strict: since the paint is applied externally, harmful fumes quickly evaporate and do not harm humans.
Additionally, the coating should be moderately plastic so that microcracks do not form during the thermal expansion of the frame.
An example of bright window decoration in a house
Please note - not necessary paint both sashes in one shade
At the moment, alkyd, acrylic and oil compositions are used for painting windows outside.
Alkyd paints for painting windows
These are universal compounds for pentaphthalic and glyphthalic bases containing natural oils. They do not dry very long (about a day), have elasticity, tolerate frost and temperature drops well - from -50 ° C to + 60 ° C. After drying it forms a very durable, smooth, water-repellent coating.
The color palette is very wide; paints come on sale already tinted and completely ready for application. Solvent and white spirit are used as a solvent. Average paint consumption is 100-180 g / m2.
Due to the presence of resins and oils in the composition, alkyd paint very effectively protects wood from burnout, swelling and thermal deformation.Insect pests also bypass such surfaces, which prolongs the life of the windows.
Subject to the staining technology, the service life is about 5 years. Disadvantages - the presence of toxic and flammable substances.
Window painted with alkyd paint
Water-borne paints with polymers ...
They do not contain harmful fragrances, as a result of which they do not have a pungent smell and are considered the most environmentally friendly. Due to the high polymer content, they are resistant to fading and weathering. Acrylic paint withstands repeated freezing well, lends itself to wet cleaning, has a long service life - up to 7 years or more, subject to the dyeing technology. Easy to apply, dries very quickly, painted surfaces can be renovated without first cleaning the coating. Average consumption is 120-150 g / m2.
Acrylic paints are applied evenly and do not have a strong odor
They are a suspension of pigments on drying oil. Such paint forms a durable waterproof film on the surface that is resistant to negative temperatures and atmospheric influences. It is also resistant to chemically aggressive substances, abrasion, does not fade in the sun for a long time, and has a high hiding power. The color palette includes over 100 options.
Oil paints have excellent hiding power
Consumption, on average, is 100-150 g per square meter, and if the base material too porous, then about 200 g / m2.
For dilution, drying oil is used, as well as turpentine and white spirit, but not more than 5% of the total amount of paint. Despite a lot of positive properties, oil paint is less in demand than alkyd and acrylic, and the reason for this is a short service life - from 1 to 3 years, as well as a long drying period - from 24 to 48 hours. In addition, this composition contains flammable substances and has a sharp unpleasant odor.
Paints, impregnations and varnishes are products that are in stable demand, and the market is simply overflowing with paints and varnishes for every taste and in different price categories. Unfortunately, quality is not a priority for all manufacturers, and therefore many paints do not stand up to criticism.
In order not to make a mistake when choosing, you should give preference only to reliable, time-tested brands from well-known manufacturers.
Trademark "Tikkurila "has earned the recognition of consumers for a long time: the company has been producing its products for more than a century and is on the list of leaders in the paint and varnish industry. The paints of this brand are distinguished by unsurpassed quality and are suitable for use in the most adverse conditions.As you know, the climate in Finland is quite harsh, and therefore the development of protective coatings for wood is carried out taking into account the effects of negative temperatures and very high humidity. The paint contains antifungal additives, thanks to which mold and fungi do not develop on painted frames.
Tikkurila exterior paints
Tikkurila Helmi - acrylate paint for furniture, doors, windows
The color palette of Finnish paints is very wide and includes about 15 thousand shades. For exterior and interior work, color catalogs are developed separately, as well as for different types of surfaces. For example, the "Valtti" catalog is intended for tinting glaze antiseptics. Unlike paint, these compositions do not hide the natural texture of the wood, but only emphasize it, giving certain shades and a soft sheen.
Tikkurila Valtti Color Extra
Impregnation of Tikkurila Valtti Aquacolor
Impregnation of Tikkurila Valtti Arctic
Impregnation of Tikkuril Valtti Oil for wood
But the Vinha catalog contains semi-matt paints of 30 natural shades.
They are intended exclusively for wooden surfaces - window frames, facade cladding, external railings. These paints are characterized by high hiding power and excellent protective properties, and are the best solution for surfaces requiring restoration.
Antiseptic covering Tikkurila Vinh
The catalog "Wooden facades" provides a wider choice. It comes in 120 colors to perfectly match exterior surfaces, including wooden windows.
Techo paint for window frames
| Oil-based alkyd composition. |
Used for painting new and previously painted wooden frames and frames. It is tinted in accordance with the catalog "Wooden facades", has a semi-gloss shine. One liter of paint is enough for an area of 8-10 m2, when applied in one layer. At a temperature of + 23 ° C and an air humidity of no more than 50%, the paint dries for 24 hours. Packaged in cans of 0.
9, 2.7 and 9 liters
| Matt acrylate paint with oil content. Used for painting new and previously treated wood surfaces. 1 liter of paint is enough for 5-9 m2, depending on the density of the substrate. Can be applied by brush and spray, thinned with water. |
It takes 2-4 hours to completely dry. Packaged in containers of 0.9, 2.7, 9 and 18 liters
Techo oil paint
| Semi-gloss paint for new and treated wood substrates. It is diluted with white spirit and an alkyd solvent, using a brush for application. |
Consumption is about 8-11 m2 / l, depending on the porosity of the substrate.Drying at + 23 ° C takes 24 hours. Packaged in containers of 0.9, 2.7, 9 and 18 liters
| Water-borne acrylate paint. |
It is intended for exterior painting of wood, both new and previously treated. It has a semi-matt gloss and is applied by brush and spray. 1 liter of composition is enough for 6-9 m2 when applied in one layer. It takes 2-4 hours to dry. The paint is packaged as standard in containers of 0.
9, 2.7, 9 and 18 liters
| Water-soluble antiseptic paint, opaque, with a semi-matt sheen. Contains alkyd components as well as mold and blue stain inhibitors. It is intended for painting all types of wooden surfaces, especially old ones and in need of restoration. Apply by brush and spray method, consumption is 6-10 m2 / l. |
Drying takes 2 hours at 50% humidity and + 23 ° C. Standard packing - 0.9, 2.7, 9 and 18 liters
The products of this brand include a variety of paints, primers, glazes, varnishes and other related products for finishing and repair work. In terms of quality, Dufa paints and varnishes are not inferior to the best European brands, which is confirmed by the high demand among foreign and Russian consumers.
The company specializes in the development of paints for specific areas of application, and produces universal formulations in a minimum volume. Most paints are based on silicone, latex and acrylic and are water-borne.
Water-soluble color enamels and enamels with increased whiteness are intended for windows. These compositions are easy to apply and spread over the surface, have good hiding power, and after drying they form a very durable film. Enamelled frames can be washed with soapy water, mold does not develop on them and insects bypass them.
Due to the presence of special components, colored paints "Dufa" fade poorly in the sun, and whites do not turn yellow.
Düfa Retail GLANZ Enamel
| Alkyd paint with glossy sheen. Resistant to weathering, abrasion and moisture. When applied, it spreads easily over the material and does not form drips. Diluted with white spirit, dries for about 6 hours. |
Consumption is 10 m2 / l, applied with a brush. Packaged in containers of 0.750 and 2.5 liters
| Semi-matt alkyd-based paint. Has 20 options of tinting, forms a silky-matte even coating. |
It is applied by spraying and brushing, consumption is 10-12 m2 / l. The paint does not have a pungent smell, dries in 8-12 hours.Packaged in containers of 0.375, 0.750 and 2.
Düfa FENSTERLACK enamel
| Glossy paint specifically designed for wooden frames and binders. Forms a durable, water-repellent coating with a high degree of whiteness. Diluted with water, applied by brush and spray. At an air temperature of 20 ° C and low humidity, the drying time is 8-10 hours. Consumption approx. |
13 m2 / l. Packaged in containers of 0.750 and 2.5 liters
| Glossy acrylic paint. Differs in high adhesion and water resistance, does not turn yellow, easily spreads over the material. |
Consumption is 10-11 m2 / l, diluted with water - no more than 10% of the total. Dries 4-6 hours. Standard packing - 0.750 and 2.5 liters
The products of this German brand are distinguished by their excellent quality and rich assortment.
The manufacturer focuses on the manufacture of environmentally friendly products, so most of the Caparol paints do not contain harmful substances and solvents. The most popular are paints for outdoor use, which have increased resistance to fading and weathering.
For windows, enamels based on alkyd resins and water-soluble glazing compounds are produced. They fade poorly in the sun, with proper care they retain their original appearance for several years. Due to their high covering power and economical consumption, Caparol paints can significantly reduce repair costs.
The Caparol company also owns the Alpina trademark, whose products have identical characteristics.
Capadur Color Wetterschutzfarbe
|Water-borne semi-matt paint for new and previously painted wood substrates. Contains fungicides, resistant to negative effects. It is applied with a brush, consumption is 150 ml / m2 in a single application. Dries completely in 12 hours|
| Water-soluble glazing compound, preserving wood texture. |
Forms a strong, highly elastic film with water-repellent properties. Brush applied, consumption is 100-250 ml / m2
Alpina Die Langlebige
|Water-borne paint with increased resistance to moisture and atmospheric influences. It is applied in a thin layer, preserves the wood texture. Consumption is about 120 g / m2. Drying time - 6 to 8 hours|
Śnieżka Nature Color Latex
The Polish brand "Sniezka" is an optimal ratio of quality and price.Its products are very diverse, rich in color palette, and a wide selection of related products. Wood paints are made on oil, alkyd and acrylic bases, while all formulations additionally contain antifungal agents and are highly resistant to fading. If the technology of dyeing is observed, "Sniezka" paints do not lose their visual appeal during the entire service life and provide stable protection against moisture.
Enamel Sniezka Supermal
Among domestic manufacturers the largest The products of the "Tex" trademark are trusted by buyers.
The paints and varnishes of this company are maximally adapted to local operating conditions, while the compositions are constantly being improved. Excellent technical characteristics and a relatively low price allow Tex paints to successfully compete with foreign-made paint and varnish materials. With proper application, their service life is at least 7 years.
Universal acrylic enamel
Enamel for windows and doors "Tex Profi "
The list of reliable trademarks also includes ISAVAL (Spain), German REESA, Canadian Forester, VIVACOLOR (Estonia). Among domestic manufacturers, the brands Yaroslavl Paints, Stroykompleks, Olivesta can be singled out.
Ecological acrylic paint
Latex paint, muted matt REESA Latexfarbe -Tuchmatt ELF
Yaroslavl paints, enamel
There are three options for applying paint - brush, roller and spray gun. When painting bindings and frames, the roller is not very convenient, so it remains to choose between a spray gun and a brush. As a rule, the manufacturer indicates the method of application on the paint packaging, since the spray method is not suitable for some formulations. If both tools can be used, consider the following factors when selecting:
After completion of work, the tool must be thoroughly rinsed, and for this it must be disassembled and cleaned each part separately;
Pneumatic Airbrushes, Spray Guns, Texture Guns
In order for the paint to firmly and evenly adhere to the surface of the frame, it must be applied when temperature from +5 to +30 degrees. This condition is mandatory for almost all types of paints, the only exceptions are special heat-resistant compounds.
But the most optimal temperature is considered to be in the range of 18-23 degrees above zero.
Air humidity also matters. As a rule, dyeing is carried out in dry weather, with a relative humidity of 50-60%. For water-dispersion paints, this indicator can increase up to 80%, but no more. In addition, the humidity of the air must remain so all the time while the surface dries.
The higher the value, the longer the paint will dry, and the higher the possibility of various defects.
It is undesirable that direct sunlight falls on the surface during painting. If it is not possible to shade the windows with something from the sun, you need to paint on a cloudy day or in the late afternoon, when the surface will heat up less. And, of course, you cannot start painting in windy weather, otherwise everything will be covered with dust and small particles of debris.
Pay attention to weather conditions
If necessary just refresh the window, and the color of the paint matches the color of the previous coating, one layer is enough.
Especially if the paint has a high covering ability. If you need to repaint in a different color, you need at least 2 layers, otherwise the base will shine through. 2-3 coats are necessary for untreated new wood or material in need of major restoration.
Do not apply thick paint hoping to achieve a deep color at a time. This provokes the formation of streaks, sagging and other defects that show through perfectly after drying.
In addition, such a coating dries longer, and its strength leaves much to be desired. Therefore, the paint is applied in a very thin layer and rubbed well into the base.
Remember that it is not necessary to apply a thick layer of paint
Consider how to properly paint a regular window without removing the frame.
Old wooden window before restoration
Step 1. Remove platbands, grilles, decorative elements - everything that interferes with work.
If the window is in good condition, the frame and bindings are simply processed with medium-grit sandpaper, but if the old coating is cracked and peeled off, you need to remove it to the base.
Tip. Three methods are applicable here - clean everything with a metal scraper or brush, warm it up with a hair dryer and remove the old paint with a spatula, treat the surface with a chemical remover. The choice depends on how firmly the coating holds.
With the help of a hair dryer and a spatula, we begin to remove the old paint
Inner frames can be easily removed from the hinges
This is how wood looks like after removing paint with a hair dryer
Construction hair dryer
Check the integrity of the structure, clean out damaged areas with a knife and seal up with putty on wood. After drying, the putty areas are sanded with sandpaper.
Frame after sanding
Cover the glass with masking tape before painting
Step 3. The dust-free frame is covered with an antiseptic primer. If the surface is highly absorbent, it is advisable to prime in two layers.
Step 4. Adhesive tape or masking tape is used to glue the fittings on the sashes, close around the perimeter of the glass. Stir the paint thoroughly, dilute it with a solvent if necessary.
Pour ink into the flask
Step 5 . Take a narrow brush, dip it to half the length of the pile in paint and gently apply it to the frame, starting from the top.
Movements are performed along the jumpers: horizontal elements are painted from side to side, vertical from top to bottom. The paint is well rubbed into the wood so that no drips remain.
Restoration of wooden windows - photo
Painting wooden windows
Restoration of wooden windows
Step 6. After applying the first layer, you must wait for the paint to dry (time is indicated in the instructions on the package), and then repeat everything in the same sequence.
After finishing painting, you must immediately remove the tape strips from the glass.
This should be done very carefully so as not to get dirty and not leave marks on the frame. While the window is drying, you can paint the frames.
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