Wiring diagram of an apartment in a brick house

Wiring diagram of an apartment in a brick house House and apartment wiring diagram

Regardless of whether you are laying electrical wires in a new house or replace old ones, in any case, the process needs to be approached more than responsibly. Competently designed and perfectly installed wiring in the apartment will guarantee safety and comfort.

This requires a wiring diagram for the house and apartment.

The process of preparation for laying electrical wiring

So, if you need electrical wiring in an apartment, the circuit must be selected correctly, taking into account the total number of outlets in each of rooms, ceiling and wall lighting points.

The prepared installation plan helps to solve several tasks at once:

  1. Significantly simplifies the work of the wizard.

  2. Provides an opportunity to assess the correspondence of the electric points and make adjustments at the preliminary stage.
  3. Will facilitate the calculation of the required consumables (switches, sockets, distribution boxes, wires and dimmers).
  4. Prevents installation errors in the wrong places of machines, electrical panel, input of power cables and meters.

Before you start drawing up a wiring diagram for electrical wiring, you must clearly determine the location of each piece of furniture, the setting of electrical appliances, taking into account the wishes of households, needs at the moment and possible purchases of additional devices in the future.

Details

Creating a scheme

For a clearer and more accurate image of the plan, it is required to reproduce to the maximum the exact arrangement of rooms in the dwelling, ideally respecting the scale.

It is required to mark on the plan the possible placement of household electrical devices that you plan to use frequently or constantly. All schemes for wiring electrical wiring inside an apartment of a panel house or an individual building is a high-precision diagram of distribution groups and single electrical elements.

For ease of use and reading, it is best to apply each on separate sheets of paper. Each of the consumption groups must be connected to a separate machine. This will provide the ability to disconnect individual rooms from the power supply, if such a need arises during repair work or other situations.

In the event of emergencies, you will be fully protected from de-energizing the apartment as a whole.

Please note that a 25 A circuit breaker (type B) is usually mounted on a group of 30 mA RCD outlets. The lighting group requires an automatic machine from 10 to 16 A (type B).

The planning of the electrical wiring will largely depend on the location of the electrical panel. It can be placed in the entrance, basement or in the apartment itself.

In the latter case, all users who consume electric current can be installed on their machine.It is very convenient, but very costly in terms of finance. For this reason, it is customary to group into the following groups:

  • Wiring diagram of an apartment in a brick house A separate line must be allocated for the electric stove ...

  • Electrical supply and light for dignity. rooms (rooms with a high degree of humidity have their own characteristics and requirements for electrical wiring).
  • Electrical supply of the hall and kitchen.
  • Lighting of living rooms, halls and kitchens.
  • Electrical supply of rooms.

Please note!

… that the RCD, which is installed for each subgroup, increases the level of safety of electrical wiring and prevents short circuits. Its installation is required in the wiring of the sanitary unit and the kitchen. The RCD must be rated for a current strength of up to 30 mA (class A).

The wiring diagram in a private house should take into account the load of the main household devices:

  • Dishwasher.
  • Microwave oven.

  • Oven.
  • Air conditioner.
  • Washing machine.
  • Storage water heater.
  • Electric cooker.

Once the groups are designed taking into account the main current consumers, proceed to the schematic placement of sockets, switches, ceiling and wall lamps, as well as distribution boxes. It is required to check the correctness of the connection and indicate the required length of the wires.

Useful recommendation! It is required to create a wiring diagram in duplicate. One would be a working version, and the other should be kept in family records. This will facilitate most household chores when needed.

On the final wiring diagram of the electrical wiring in the apartment, all marks should be indicated with generally accepted signs with correctly dimensioned. Lighting wires, power cables, and also grounding wires for working convenience and reading the plan are applied in the selected color. The plan, where the linear dimensions of the rooms, the height of the ceiling and the distance from the junction boxes to the placement of electrical points, are indicated will be of great information content and readability. This simplifies work and wiring.

Standards and Requirements

They are as follows:

  1. Wiring diagram of an apartment in a brick house The wiring diagram in the kitchen in the presence of an electric stove must take into account the installation of a machine with a rating of 63 A and more.

  2. Do not install sockets in the bathroom. The only exception will be the socket of an electric shaver (connected through a transformer).
  3. It is forbidden to connect grounding socket contacts to neutral wires. This also applies to the heating and water supply systems.
  4. Wires must be laid strictly horizontally and vertically, at an angle of 90 degrees.

  5. It is required to avoid crossing the wires; in an emergency, the distance between them may be at least 0.3 cm.
  6. The minimum allowable distance of the cable to the ceiling and floor is 15 cm and not less than 10 cm to the door frame of the corners of the window frames.
  7. It is customary to place switches to the left of the entrance door.
  8. Place switches at the same level - 0.

    9 meters, and sockets at 0.3 meters from the floor. An exception can only be for the kitchen area.

  9. For switches it is required to run from the top, for sockets from below.

Let's consider what are the options for the scheme.

Possible options

The placement of appliances that consume electrical energy in apartments with different number of rooms does not differ much from each other. Variations depend only on the preference of the owners.

One-room apartment

The wiring diagram in an apartment of a panel house with one living room implies division into at least a couple of groups. This will ensure the operating condition for the 2nd chain in the event of a break in the first one and the power reserve, which appears due to the distribution between a pair of circuits with a common load. The first group includes a living room, and the second is a bathroom and a kitchen.

Apartment with two or more rooms

The approximate wiring diagram for the electrical wiring in a two-room apartment is made in a simplified form. The markings of the main light sources, sockets and switches with grounding are indicated. For an apartment with a huge number of rooms, it should be slightly changed, but the principle will be the same.

Private house

Energy-saving organizations mount meters outside the building. From it, the power cable is laid to the electrical panel, which is located in the house.

The electrical wiring diagram in your home should take this into account.

Current consumers can be divided into different groups:

  • Household purposes (basements, garages, sheds).
  • The main (power), which includes a boiler, an electric stove, a heating boiler, a washing machine, etc.
  • Lighting group.
  • Socket group.

The wiring diagram in a wooden house is almost no different from other plans, and there are also features only during installation.

Shed and garage

Careful consideration is required for the separation of lighting points and outlets in the garage. A room is usually devoid of natural sources for lighting, and therefore it is important to take into account that the performance of certain work requires either additional sockets or lamps. By the way, external types of outlets that are installed on the house wall are useful for connecting an electric water pump, an electric mower for a car washing device.

So, you have thought out the wiring of the electrical wiring in the garage, the diagram should be drawn up taking into account a pair of lighting groups (basement and main), and a pair of outlet groups that will be located along the side walls of the garage.

This will ensure that you will not be left without electrical energy.

If you are confident, and you also have the necessary knowledge, wiring electrical wiring in the house with your own hands is not difficult for you. Be responsible when purchasing materials, and also draw up a scheme competently in technical terms and get down to business. The given video material can give a certain confidence or be able to suggest something new.

( 7 marks, average 2.

14 from 5 )

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