Wood carving, drawings and sketches

Wood carving, drawings and sketches Wood carving ornament + sketches

Wood carving is extremely difficult art. Artistic carving and woodworking has been and remains the most accessible and beautiful method for decorating everyday life and home. Over time, the simplest patterns and symbols have turned into extraordinary beauty of ornaments that amaze with their elegance and lively warmth. So, let's look at wood carving, drawings and sketches.

Varieties of ornaments

Carved ornaments have been used to decorate wood products since ancient times.

This is a pattern characterized by a rhythmic arrangement of details made in the form of all kinds of pictorial components. There are many different kinds of ornaments - floral and geometric patterns, images of birds, animals and humans. Often difficult threaded elements are simplified and stylized into simpler ones for visual perception, as well as the manufacture of elements.

Geometric

Ornament patterns of geometry consist of the simplest elements, the combination of which sometimes creates fantasy pictures that cannot but surprise. Wood carvings and compositions are usually presented as ornaments of rosettes, stripes, borders, or stars.

Individual elements can be applied independently:

  1. Point - almost never used as a separate element, but when repeated, it gets a decorative effect.
  2. Lines are an element that is often used, most often used to distinguish between different motives.
  3. Broken line - zigzag is a symbolic watermark.
  4. Rhombus and square - often serves to limit the space filled with motives.
  5. Octagons and hexagons are a common element with an oriental motif.

  6. Crosses are symbols from antiquity with a varied structure.
  7. Twisted cords and spirals are unusual elements with a geometric curvilinear structure.
  8. Circle - encloses a pattern or is an independent element of the composition.

Ornament of the geometric type is used for all kinds of wood, but in particular in contour and geometric techniques.

Vegetable

Wood carving, drawings and sketches A deciduous or floral pattern can be embodied in the form of a strip or border of an ornament with repeating elements, or is a separate composition with images of fruit-bearing plants, trees, flowers and others.

Representatives of the flora can either be depicted in a naturalistic way, or stylized and then simplified. After such a carving, the vegetable type ornament is most popular, and it can also be applied to all types of carving. At different times and among all kinds of nationalities, there were certain favorite floral patterns. The most popular are such plant forms (since ancient times): oak, lily, ivy, grapes, laurel, hops.

Zoomorphic

Such an ornament (animal) is based on repetition of the image of animals.

They can be both real and mythical. Most often, images of the zoomorphic type for carving are stylized. Such an ornament is one of the oldest, and in different countries there are certain preferences, as well as the symbolic meaning of certain animals. In a carved type composition, there may be not just a certain animal, but also details - wings, paws or heads. The animalistic pattern is often combined with the rest of the ornaments - geometric or floral.

Animal patterns are used in all types of carving, both sculptural and flat-shaped.

Human image

Sketches and ornaments for woodcarving depicting a person are often used in the art of woodcarving, realistic or schematic ... For example, a human face is used to decorate such decorative elements, for example, a mascaron.

Often a person is in an ornament with animal or plant motives.

Complex

There are also carved elements that carry a decorative, or perhaps symbolic, load:

  • Hieroglyphs, inscriptions, ligature (Arabic type) and more.
  • Heraldry - family coats of arms, emblems from different countries.
  • Symbolic motives - they are very diverse, for example, the "yin-yang" sign, cross, solar signs, lotus and so on.

These are the main types of patterns.

Details

The main forms of carved ornaments

Depending on the compositional nature, placement and shape can be divided into categories of this type of ornamentation:

  1. Border and ribbon ornament are a sharp-type detail that borders the product or runs along its edge.
  2. Garland is a wavy pattern with floral motifs.
  3. Rosette - a separate type of symmetrical ornament with a regular shape (polygon, circle or oval).
  4. Arabesque - is an ornate complex pattern of floral or geometric designs.
  5. Palmette is a fan-shaped carved type decor.

  6. Wreath - a threaded element with plant motifs.
  7. Braid is a pattern in which elements are intertwined (ribbons, stems, stripes and the rest).
  8. Panel - a pattern that is placed in a ribbon or carved frame.
  9. Openwork type ornament is made using the saw-cut carving technique, and its feature is the creation of a through-patterned background.

Below you will find beautiful sketches.

Sketches for wood carving

Wood carving, drawings and sketches Before carving pattern on the surface of wood, first you need to create sketches and patterns for carving on the surface of the paper. After selecting the perfect ornament, you need to make a template with a certain size. It is very easy to do this using a copier or printer, presetting the required copy size (enlarge, expand, reduce or shrink).

The template can even be made manually by scaling by cells.Linear zoom allows you to change the dimensions from the original sketch.

Then the ornament is transferred to the surface of the tree using ordinary carbon paper.

A simple template for a through thread can be cut with scissors, applied to the workpiece, and then all is outlined with a pencil.

On the web or specialty stores, you will find suitable patterns for carving - from ordinary geometric patterns to huge paintings.

Beginners should follow these tips when choosing a template:

  • Beginners do not need to choose templates with complex patterns for embossed carving. For those who have picked up the cutter for the first time, it is better to choose sketches with a simple geometric threading technique.

  • When choosing a particular technique, it is important to choose a template that is suitable for this particular type of thread. There are specific templates for geometric, flat-embossed or even slotted carving. Sketches can also be separately for borders, rosettes, ribbon patterns, and more.

You can also make a stencil and transfer the pattern to a piece of wood, and it is important to do this accurately and carefully. The final appearance of the product will depend on the accuracy of the pattern applied.

Woodcarving patterns are a great way to add variety to wood items.

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