Wood glaze for interior work

Wood glaze for interior work Azure for wood - application features

Wood is a very popular construction and finishing material, environmentally friendly and natural, pleasant to the touch and perfectly responsive to different types of coatings. But wood has such a feature, or rather the fact that it is cast with porosity, and therefore, after a while, due to moisture, it can begin to rot, deteriorate, become covered with fungal bloom and mold. Wood glaze is a new agent that has an impregnating ability and also protects the material from external influences.

By azure is meant a glazing composition that helps to strengthen the surface, as well as not change the original structure of the material. It is required to extend the life of wood products and objects that are made from lumber.

Moreover, it is important for improving the appearance of wood. Azure has an antiseptic effect, and therefore helps to prevent the appearance of fungus, beetles that erode wood, and the formation of ugly blue.

Azure - why is it needed

Compositions with respect to softwoods, which in their natural form can serve for a relatively short time, and also for they require a protective coating. The impregnation will be embedded in the deeper layers of the material, and will also strengthen the fibers and make them less susceptible to aging and cracking.

Please note that the use of glazing compounds will help prevent damage to building objects from ultraviolet rays, as well as precipitation.

Some types of glaze are often called "filmless impregnations", because after processing the steam permeability of the wood will be maintained at the same level, but excess moisture will evaporate, and the microclimate inside the room will become much better.

This is how the use of glaze for processing logs, beams and boards will make it possible to protect against negative damage to factors, and at the same time each material will become stronger, more beautiful and more durable.

Details

Varieties of glaze for wood

Depending on the base, glaze for wood materials it can be oily, water-based and solvent-based. The characteristics of the impregnation can be as follows:

  1. Wood glaze for interior work Water. Water will be used as a solvent, and the composition also includes lightfast pigments, acrylic in the form of a dispersion and biocidal substances.

    Azure perfectly penetrates into wood (penetrating power is the highest among other products). They will help to provide long-term protection against negative effects, as well as safe for human health, and are suitable for indoor work, even in a bathhouse, children's room or sauna.After long-term storage, a precipitate may begin to form on the bottom of the azure, but to restore its properties, simply shaking the bottle will suffice.

  2. Solvent-based. Such substances are the most resistant to weather changes, precipitation, and also give a high degree of protection against ultraviolet radiation.

    Due to the fact that the composition contains organic solvents or alkyd varnish, toxic substances will evaporate until the glaze dries perfectly, and for this reason, compounds for outdoor use are used. The fact is that wood glaze for outdoor use contains persistent special pigments that beautifully emphasize the structure of the wood.

  3. Oil-based. They are capable of being multi-component formulations that are made on the basis of linseed, orange, sunflower, canofol oil, as well as vegetable alcohols. Such compositions will help prevent the appearance of fungus, will not allow yellowing and blue discoloration of the material, and will also advantageously emphasize the structure of the fibers.

    Most oil-based products are colorless and others contain different pigments to add a more intense tone to wood products.

According to consistency and level of fluidity, all glazing compositions can be divided into the following groups:

  1. Wood glaze for interior work Liquid (thin layer). They penetrate deeply and quickly between the wood fibers due to their liquid state. Due to the high degree of absorbency, a characteristic film will not form on the surface of the lumber. Such glazes are perfect for elements that are not resistant to deformation (picket fence, lining), as well as for products that have complex shapes.

  2. Intermediate (medium layer). They have a slightly higher density than that of the previous material, and still freeze on the surface in the form of a thin film, then, which is worse, they penetrate into the porous structure of the main processing material. And yet, such impregnations protect wood much better from negative influences from the external environment. They are perfect for structures that have undergone slight deformation during use (different beams and frames).
  3. Thick flowing (thick build).

    After drying, they form a durable film coating on the wood surface. It is used only on products that will be subject to deformation (interior decoration items, door blocks - imitation of timber and block house), and are also perfect for protecting facades and structures outside the premises.

And now in more detail

Interior finishing

Such compositions for works inside buildings can be used on new and old wood, as well as on wood that has been previously cleaned of paint and varnish coatings. Most often, they should be applied to window frames, decor, door frames, furniture, floors, wall panels, ceiling beams, stair treads and railings. Such compositions are perfect not only for wood of natural origin, but also for plywood, MDF, veneer and chipboard.

Most often they are water-based and will contain resins and waxes that give the wood a varnish look. Indoor impregnations help hide minor imperfections, preserve the natural look of wood and enhance its beauty. Color pigments are often added to the compositions, which will provide decorativeness to the material. Some compositions have an unusual purpose - due to their environmental friendliness, they cover pieces of furniture for children, dishes and even children's toys.

Exterior finishes

These types of impregnations are made on the basis of alkyd resins and solvents, and they also contain natural waxes and oils.

The finished coating will turn out to be durable, protect the surface of the wood from exposure to ultraviolet rays, precipitation, and temperature changes. The highest quality wood glaze paints can guarantee protection for up to 27 years. Most compounds for outdoor use contain pigments, because they will be used to treat fences, facade parts of buildings and will play the role of a finishing layer (that is, decorative).

Which is better - oil or azure?

For protection and decoration, wood should be equally often coated with oils and azure. The effectiveness is high for both types of products, but the result will always be different.

The main feature of azure will be the creation of a glossy, beautiful film. After absorption, the oil helps to give the surface a matte look, and therefore it is worth buying it for wood processing if you wish to provide just such an effect.

An oil-based glaze is used for a semi-glossy sheen, and a glossy shine is achieved with a solvent-based impregnation. Such compositions will have a high degree of decorativeness, and will also be able to give even an old structure a beautiful appearance. Moreover, glossy glazes are not only aesthetically pleasing, but also practical.

It would be much more expedient to use glazes for products with irregularities, defects - this will help hide imperfections, mask them with the radiance and smoothness of the new coating.

Preparation of the surface for impregnation

For a high-quality and beautiful application of impregnation, the base should be prepared as best as possible. Only in this case, the applied coating will really serve for more than a dozen years.

The method of processing wood will depend on the age of the material, strength, condition and construction variety:

  • Strong wood with an old paintwork can be processed by sandblasting or cleaned a scraper, as well as a metal brush.
  • New wood or contaminated materials are best washed with water under pressure.

  • Carved products, patterned shutters, and fences should be cleaned with a grinder with a special attachment.
  • Materials with cracks and chips should be filled with mastic.
  • Wood with an old layer of glaze should be treated with special pickling compounds to remove the old coating.
  • Stains from felt-tip pens, pens, and other stubborn marks should be removed with aerosol-free chlorine-free solvents, methyl alcohol, ammonia or by sanding.

Please note that after each type of preparatory processing, the base should be polished as best as possible with a machine or sandpaper to remove burrs and irregularities.

After that, the wood should be wiped with alcohol, turpentine, and let everything dry.

Features of applying oil-type impregnation

Working with such materials is not at all difficult, the main thing is that you completely follow the manufacturer's instructions. After the end of the preparation stage, you should dry the wood as best as possible, and this is extremely important if the material is still new, damp. Resin areas should be treated with white alcohol using a piece of cloth.

Wood glaze should be prepared for work and mixed well in a jar (the mass should be uniform in consistency).

Then apply the impregnation with a brush, roller, and on large areas use a spray bottle. One or a couple of coats should be applied with a time interval that is sufficient for the last coat to dry. In order to dilute oil glaze, it is unacceptable to use organic types of solvents that are diluted only with alcohol or oil.

Applying Solvent Glaze

The surface preparation procedure is the same as described above. It is imperative to sand the wood - this helps not only to level the material, but also to open its pores.

You cannot apply a layer of glaze to products previously impregnated and painted with other paint and varnish compositions - first, the coating must be removed chemically or mechanically. Solvent-based lapis lazuli require almost no dilution and usually have an ideal consistency. Excessive addition of a thinner can spoil the composition, and work is carried out at a temperature of +5 degrees in the absence of a bright sun, and therefore it is ideally worth painting wood in summer / autumn, in the early hours. Azure should be applied with a roller, and unevenly painted areas should be wiped with white alcohol, and then processed again.

Variety of colors

There are impregnating agents on the market that can enhance the natural color of wood or even change it, for example, will be nobler than inexpensive varieties of wood.

The shade of the coating may vary depending on the tone of the product, the density and the period of use. In order not to be mistaken with the choice, it is worth first testing the product on an inconspicuous and small area, and only after that the main stage of work begins.

The most fashionable and popular are light tones of the product - bleached, bleached shades of wood.You can even apply transparent glaze to the base, but this does not always give the desired effect. It is best to buy an impregnation with the addition of special pigments or take a bleaching glaze - a tool that brightens very dark wood in color.

Typically, the lightest glazing compounds are less UV resistant and therefore require additional protection compounds on top.

Manufacturers make such products with different tones. For example, the impregnating agents of the Belinka brands have the colors of walnut, pine, oak, teak, larch and many other shades of wood. By the way, some glazes have a beige or gray tint, and this is used over old wood for visual renewal. You can change the tone with your own hands by introducing a silver or golden pigment into the composition.

( 1 grade, average 5 of 5 )

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